Sunday, September 30, 2012

1862 September 30 Richmond, Va.

                                              Richmond 30 Sept 1862

My dear Madam,
                              Of the many friends of you lamented
husband none mourn his loss with a deeper grief
than my self.   Bound together from our boyhood by
a friendship which grew and strengthened with our
years and never knew a cloud.  I loved him as a
brother and feel that I have almost a right to
mingle my tears with yours over his grave.
     It is needless for me to speak of his virtues his
talents and standing  His fall sent not only a thrill
of sorrow to his family and friends but to the
country--it was not a domestic grief alone but
a public calamity.
     I rejoiced to hear that you do not sorrow without
hope but that my dear friend as the last and
crowning grace of his character had given his
soul to God, and in his death exchanged the toils
and troubles of life for the blessings of immortality
    How priceless the consolation in your sad bereave:
:ment is the thought that your separation is but
temporary and that you can bless God that though
he cannot come to you you can go to him.
    If it is in my power before leaving home
to rejoin the army I shall call in person to see you

[page 2]
To day I met with your brother Capt. Jas. C Riddle from
whom I had previously recd. a letter requesting my pres:
:ence at Oak Hill on Tuesday next where I hope you
may there be as I shall certainly go up if practicable
    For yourself & your children my time & my services
can always be commanded and shall ever regard
any assistance or aid I can render to you not only
a duty but as a pleasure
     With the fervent prayer that God will
comfort you in you affliction and will watch
over and protect both yourself & children
                                    Your affectionate friend
                                                   F D Irving

Mrs. John T. Thornton

Letter on the death of Lieutenant Colonel John Thruston Thornton, 34d Virginia Cavalry, and father of University of Virginia professor William Mynn Thornton.  F.D. Irving may possibly be Captain Francis D. Irving, 1826-1891, of the 21st Virginia.

MSS 4021

1862 September 30 near Camp Lee

    Near Camp Lee
                                       Sept. 30th 1862
My Dear Mother –
                              Your letter came last night – I am very
much obliged to you for the box – whether I get it or not –
The latter is doubtful as we leave at eight this
morning. A friend has however gone to town
to get it here by that time if he can for
me. I am sorry you sent brandy in it,
for several reasons. I never enjoy it in camp
& it does those who drink it more harm than
good. It will however be enjoyed. I am particu-
larly obliged for the socks. I was wishing last
evening for a pair. We lost two men at the
battle of Sharpsburg – one killed – the other wound-
ed & a prisoner. My dear mother I have not
time to write more   give my best love father
George & all – We go to Culpepper C. H.; there
we expect to report to a cavalry officer
who escorts us to the army. You must not
be uneasy if you do not hear from me
for a fortnight for while on the march
it will be almost impossible to write.
                               Most affectionately yr. son
                                                W.H. Perry, Jr.

William H. Perry of the Richmond Howitzers

[transcript by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 7786-d

1862 September 30

Sept. 30th – Tuesday morning –
                                   I hear that the con-
scription frightens a great many youthful
heroes and that many are the inventions
to avoid the service.  Joe Hester reached
here yesterday with two loads tobacco
and commences his return journey
today – Perhaps my letter would go sooner
[by] mail but doubtless it will go
safer if I send it by him.  Every one
is remarking how much I have im-
proved and fattened.  When I met Jessie
Porter and spoke to him he knew me
not & said I had decidedly the ad-
vantage of him.  I have fattened up
a great deal in the past month and
weigh more than I ever did in my
life.  There is much talk now in camp
about armistice and peace; but of
course there is no reliable information
here of this.  Every thing is quiet and the troops

[page 2]
are drilling daily.  There are some indi-
cations that we will soon fall back to
Winchester; there is nothing here for man
nor beast to eat and it is our understanding
to transport them on wagons from
Staunton and Culpepper CHs.; all the am-
balances were sent from here yesterday
for the purpose I understand of removing
the sick and wounded from Winches-
ter.  I am glad to hear of Aunt Mollie’s
matrimonial prospects.  I see no
reason why war should put a stop to
marriage allowing women and misses who
are so fortunate as to be out of the
[con]flict.  I must now close with great
love to you all.
                    Your Aff. Brother
                     F. Pendleton Jones

Francis Pendleton Jones,  13th Virginia
[transcript by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 13407

1862 September 30 "Eudora," near Leesburg, Va.

[from the diary of Lt. John Tyler of Letcher's Artillery]

(Sept 30th) Head aches very much this
morning, and my side has pained me
since last evening.  Mr. Braden drove
his cattle over to Hamilton for the Con-
federate use.  Sent James over to Waterford
after my pants.  He returned with them
and brought some Grapes Mr Miller sent
me, which were very fine.  Find pants
are rather too small for me.  Mr Braden
returned this evening & says our troops are
all through this country buying up stock to
take to the army.  Robertsons Brigade of Cav-
-alry are in Leesburg.  The ladies & children,
all but Miss Lizzie rode over to visit a neigh-
-boring relation.  While they were gone a
slight rain came up ( & then down).  Miss
Lizzie took charge of Mrs Bradens preserving
while the latter was gone.  They all got back

safely, being wet slightly by the rain.
Mrs Peyton & Miss Lizzie passed the eve-
-ning with me.

[transcript by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 6150

1862 September 30 camp near mouth of Antietam

[from the diary of James Dinsmore Templeton, musician and private in the 23rd Ohio]

[Tuesday  Sept. 30, 1862 ]

Were interested
most of the day trying
to produce our discharge
Went this morning with
Phil to Gen Burnsides
Hd Quarters  Saw the
ajt General he said he
would attend to the
matter.  Have Capt McIlrath
enlisted in our favor
[?] tried same.
The 30th Reg't band came
in with some recruits
[?] Brown & Handy
came in to day
Parade this evening
Mostly clear

MSS 10317

1862 September 30 Suffield, Conn.

[from the diary of the Rev. Francis E. Butler, future chaplain of the 25th New Jersey]

Tues 30.  Called on Shaws - & Sue bade her good bye –
Then out with Lelia ordering outfit, & camp equipage
Did a great deal – Went to Paterson at 2.  with
Mr. H.  Mr. Stuart came to ferry & pres offered $20 to
me for books for Regt.  Packed up & bade good bye
at Mrs Perrys – made 17 calls – went to N. Y. with
Tilly   Mr. H & children – packed up. found all but
boots had come – called at Stuarts, up till
1½ oclk.

[transcript by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 12935

1862 September 30 Lousiville

[from the diary of Captain William F. Hunter, Co. B. 97th Ohio]

     Sept. 30th, ’62.
This morning moved
back to the camp –
ing ground we left
on Friday, ult.
Excessively hot to-day.

[transcript by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 10547-bm

1862 September 30 Chapel Hill, N.C.

[from the diary of Eliza Oswald Hill, refugee from Wilmington, N. C.]

Tuesday 30th  A bright beautiful day--We all took breakfast with
Liz & a nicer one I never partook of--Waffles--Rolls-very light-
Homony biscuit-fish & chicken--all charming & we done justice
to it.  Then nice coffee-& excellent butter & everything nicely
prepared--the first white sugar I have seen in months--Silver
on the table and all looked inviting--After the Whites finished
Mrs Walters' servants were invited to partake of what was
left by Anica & they too enjoyed the breakfast--We have
just learned of Cousin James Greens death--Also of Colonel
Willie DeRosett having died from his wounds--But there
are so many false reports afloat since the yellow fever broke
out in Wilmington that I cant believe it till we here from
some reliable source--Poor Cousin the young will miss him
for he laid himself out to amuse & give them pleasure

MSS 6960

1862 September 30 Lynchburg, Va.

[from the diary of William M. Blackford, bank officer and former diplomat with five sons in the Confederate Army]

Tuesday 30. Not a rumor of any kind from
the army--News from Kentucky recd says
it too probable that Buell has
gotten to Louisville which he is
fortifying strongly.  With the im-
mence force we have in Kentucky
one would think this ought to
have been prevented.  There seems to
be wanting enterprize among the
generals--Oh for one day[?] of Jackson
This being last of the quarter, we
had the usual count.  It is always
a day of excitement and fatigue
all was found right--At  night
Charles & Sue came over, and by the
Orange train Lanty arrived.  He looks
remarkably well though weather bea
ten and roughened.  He has been de-
tained for duty in the office of the
Medical Director. I dont
like it much--but he requires some re-
laxation--Mary Gwatkin was
here--so that it was a family re-
union--It has been a long time since
three of the Boys were in the
home at once--Staige Davis was
also in here returning from his
trip to Tennessee--In the course
of the evening Drs. Minor, Latham
& Houston called--We lodged besides
the ordinary family no less than
eight--went to bed much fatigued.

MSS 4763

1862 September 29 New Bern, N.C.

Sept 29

Signed the pay-roll this forenoon and got
paid off.  Had no dress parade.  Went in
swimming this afternoon.  Have felt faint and sick
to-day.  Did not sleep well last night.   Red some to-day
Got no news from the north lately.  Paid four dollars for
myself and Phineas for the Colonels sword
Dadmun and Alger paid me what they
owed me.

MSS 11293

Friday, September 28, 2012

1862 September 29 Richmond, Va.

Richmond Sept. 29th 1862.

His Excellency John Letcher
       Governor of Virginia.
                     You may recollect
that about one year ago Brig-
Genl. then Col. Jno. Echols addres-
sed to you a letter recommend-
ding me for promotion in
the Provisional Army of Va. for
"gallant & meritorious conduct"
in the battle of Manassas.
    You expressed regret that you
were unable to confer that
honor as the Provisional Army
of the State was soon to be disban-
ded, but transferred the testimo-
nial to the War Department of
the Confederacy accompanying
it by your own very kind
and war recommdation[sic]
   The Secretary of War upon
receiving the papers tendered
me the appointment of 2nd Lieut.

[page 2]
in the regular C.S. Army, but
not being of age I was compel-
led to decline, and there being
no other vacancy, not farther
action was taken in the
  I am again about
to apply to the President for
promotion from the rank of
1st Lieut. & Adjutant (a posi-
tion not in the regular line
of advancement) and presum-
ming upon your former favor-
able consideration I venture
to request that yo will
again oblige me by your
personal recommendation.
  I have just returned woun-
ded from the battlefield of
Boonsboro, and hence my
absence from my Command.
  As a voucher of my good
conduct since my credentials
from Gen. Echols were pre-
sented to you, I accompany
this le communication with
a letter from Lt.Col. Lang-
horne of my regiment,

[page 3]
the only prominent officer
of my command acces-
sible at this time.
    With high regard
        I am
   Very Respectfully
  John W. Daniel
 1st Lt. & Adjutant
   11th Regmt. Va. Vols,

[page 4]
[Note apparently written by Governor Letcher:]
Lt. J. W. Daniel
asking recom-
mendation for promotion;
cheerfully giv-
en, and sent to
the Sec. of War
Octo 3rd J. L.

[transcribed by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 15096

1862 September 29 Bunker's Hill, near Winchester

 Camp of 13th Va. Regt.
                        September 29th 1862.
Dear Lute:
                        I have received your two
letters of recent dates and was delighted
to hear from home again; I also recd.
letters from Pa recently.  Our Divis-
ion is now encamped near Bunker’s
Hill fourteen miles from Winches-
ter and everything seems to indicate
quiet and rest after the stormy
scenes through which we have passed
since we left the Rapid Ann.  The
Army is completely demoralized and
worn out but recruits are rapidly
pouring in and rest and abund-
ance of Commissary Stores will soon
revive the ranks considerable [&] restore
our Arms in this Department of the
War – to their original & boasted
prowess.  I believe the whole Army
is encamped on this route & that
our Division constitutes the rear
guard or advance of Infantry
while our Cavalry are in the vic-
inity of Martinsburg.  Jessie Por-
ter and his squad reached camp night
before last and [Simon] Schacht [Pvt. in Co. D] came in
last night.  I read with pleasure the
Confirmation of the capture of
Munfordsville, Tenn [sic.]  with 5400 pris-
oners, artillery &c, without any
casualties on our side.  I was also
very glad [to] learn of the vigorous
measures [of] Congress to augment

[page 2]
our effective force and to bring out
promptly all the Energies of the Repub-
lic.  I recd. a note from John
yesterday stating that he has nearly
recovered from his sickness & would
report at once for duty but Sister Page
was somewhat sick & he should wait
until she was well enough to remove
to Winchester, he sent me his horse
fearing that the Yankees would come
in and take possession.  It is possible
that they may get him but you know
that by the Cartel he will be
immediately released.  I wanted
to visit him today but we are
kept quite busy in our Dept. just
now as Forage is scarce & besides
I think it doubtful whether I could
obtain permission to go out side
of the Picket Guards.  Uncle John
is with General Early now who commands
our Division and I see him quite fre-
quently – he looks well but is tired
of this duty & told me he was going
to apply to Genl. Lee for some other
duty.  It is reported by rumor that
General Pickett is to be assigned
to the command of Ewell’s divis-
ion.  There has been great talk this
week of peace and many firmly
believe that ninety day armistice
was about to be agreed [up]on between [page torn]
the national authorities.  All hands

[page 3]
are getting sick and tired of this
wicked and unhallowed war.  The
Yankees themselves, notwithstanding their
boasted preparations and abilities to
conquer us speedily, are also wearied
with war and if we could only carry
the war into their own territory they
would soon be in favor of amicable
adjustments.  I should like to get even
a short furlough at this time to visit
home, yet I can see no prospects of
this as furloughs are foreign to every-
thing military under any circum-
stances.  Home must indeed be sad
to us all now since mother is no
longer there to cheer and comfort
but has been laid neath the green
sod ‘side her innocent babes!  I can
somewhat imagine the great change
which her death has effected.  But
we are convinced that she now rejoices
in Heaven above where all is love;
and her bright and pious example must
ever be before us that we in death
may gain the same glorious habita-
tion where parting is not known !
I was sorry to hear of the death of Sallie
Willie and of the illness of many
of our good neighbors.  As the cool
weather commences I trust that
disease and sickness may be
banished from the vicinity and
health wh. always brings happiness

[page 4]
reign among you again.  I am
delighted to hear of any improvements
in Edloe’s case and hope that he may
soon be entirely restored to health.
I was glad to hear that Eddie Bowie
was doing so well and I hope that
he may soon recover.  I saw Uncle
Walker the other day and delivered a letter
from Aunt Gillie but have not seen
him since the reception [-] for
him by Jessie Porter; Will doubtless
find him tomorrow.  Our boys are
all getting on quite well and have
stood the recent hardships remark-
ably well.  I must now close as paper
and time alike warn me to con-
clued this hastily written and unin-
teresting communication.  Kiss sweet little
Willis [or Willie] Page for me and tell her to be
a good girl.  Much love to all at home
and to the good kind neighbors.
Do write to me whenever you can &
long, newsy letters, direct to Winches-
ter and the letters will reach here
in three days after mailed unless
miscarried.  I remain as ever,
                          Yr. Aff. Brother
Miss L. M. Jones}
 [Pendleton continues this letter on the 30th by cross-writing on pages 1 & 2.]

[transcript by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 13407

1862 September 29 "Eudora," near Leesburg, Va.

[from the diary of Lt. John Tyler, of Letcher's Artillery]

   (Sept 29th) Like my new room very
much.  Have not felt quite as well this
evening.  Sent Jas. over to Waterford with
Mr Braden, after the Flannel, & with orders
to have me a pair of pants made at the
tailors there of the cloth.  He returned
with the flannel & Miss Lizzie insists on
making it up for me.  I am under ever-
-lasting obligations to her; but can only
submit for the present. Miss Lizzies “Beatrice”
is my constant companion & I shall get the
faces indelibly impressed on my mind that
I will be able to drew it from memory ere
long.  Miss Lizzie has also honored my room
with one of her own Grecian paintings on -
which I have feasted my eyes for some time
it really is exquisitely executed & a lovely

subject, & being a little Gipsey girl with a
basket on her arm, a piece of bread in her
hand, and a large dog, of St. Bernard, or
New Foundland Species with one fore paw on
her arm, as it were supplicating for the
bread, a tent is seen through the foliage
in the distance, & the, “tents ensemble”, is
perfect. _  Clouded up this evening and
had a slight rain.  Quite warm.  Miss Lizzie
has kept me supplied with fresh flowers
constantly, she received a new instalment
this evening.  In addition the vase full
she arranges me a nose-gay, intended ex-
-clusively for the use of the first part of
the word, which is generally a concentra-
-ted extract of sweetness & Citron Alice[sic], on
the latter of which I dote, as Sister Florrie
knows.  Miss Lizzie also found out I was
fond of buttermilk & now I have fresh but-
-termilk nearly every day.  Had a very

(Heard today that 1200 of our cavalry were in Leesburg).
pleasant conversation with Mrs Peyton
this afternoon & afterward with Miss
Lizzie, who spent the evening with me.

[transcript by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 6150

1862 September 29 Winchester, V.

[from the diary of Frank C. Fitzhugh, of Cutshaw's Battery]

                                  Monday 29
   I went to Winchester:    saw
Thom Marshall at the
Hospital.  he was detailed as
Steward of the Hospital

MSS 4448

1862 September 29 Post Hospital near Alexandria

No 70,        No. 70

Post Hospital near
Alexandria Sept 29th/62

Dear Mother
     I am still here and think
likely I shall stay here sometime
as the doctor says he can do but
little for me here.  Now I dont
want you to think I am very sick
as you would not have thought
so to have seen me travelling off
6 miles the other day which a very
sick man could not do.  There is
not much of any news here of
importance--Everything jogs along
the old way eat, drink & sleep
is all we have to do Night before
last 4 of our 60 came here paroled
prisoners from Richmond taken
at Gaines Mill a hard looking set
there was about 600 in all most
without shoes clothes all were out

[page 2]
and looking lank & lean they
represent things as in an awful
condition t Richmond Provision
scarce and everybody predicts a
famine there in a very short time.
Tea is $1 a pound, Matches 25
cts a box, and by paying $1.50 a pound
you can get an article called coffee
but which does not contain a
single kernel of it, they subsisted
on 1/2 loaf of bread a day not
such loaves as we get but said the
could take a quarter of a loaf and
shut it right up in their hand
The guards some of them said
that their army was subsisting
on corn & apples had noting else
Tell Asa I was over to the 16th
the other day, they are about a
mile from here, I saw Frank
Wright he looks slim enough
I was surprised when I was over
to Fort Corcoran the other day

[page 3]
to see the troops in front of
Washington they are as thick
as they was last winter and then
think of the force in Maryland
what an army there must be here
on the line of Virginia.  I hope the
Governors will get their request of the
President to send home all the
sick at the states expense as the
fellows will get well so much
faster Will write again soon--
Direct to Post Hospital near
Alexandria Care of Col Belknap
      From your aff son
          Wm Wallace


No 70

               Mrs. E. Smith
               Newton Lower Falls

William Wallace Smith
Co. B, 22nd Massachusetts

MSS 15360

1862 September 29 Louisville

[from the diary of Captain William F. Hunter, of Co. b., 97th Ohio]

     Sept. 29th, ‘62
We were awaked, as
usual, at 3 A.M., & or-
dered into line; we
have had a standing
order, since the middle
of last week, to fall
in at 3 A.M. every
morning. A difficulty
arising to day, at the
“Galt House”, between
Gen’ls. Nelson & Davis,
the latter shot the
former, with a pistol,
killing him instantly.
Clear & warm today.

[transcript by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 8493

1862 September 29

[from the diary of the Rev. Francis Butler, future chaplain of the 25th New Jersey]

Mon 29.  very busy in New York ordering outfit &c
drove to Cent. Park with Henry, (Staid at his house,
on return made calls - .  P.C. called with his wife.

[transcript by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 12935

1862 September 29 near the mouth of Antietam Creek

[from the diary of James Dinsmore Templeton, musician and private in the 23rd Ohio]

Monday, Sept. 29, 1862

this morning went
out to practice. Jo & Charlie
came to us did not succeed
in doing anything.
Have been trying to
prevent our discharge
the Adjt got our Descriptive
Lists to day & destroyed
them. rather an uneasy state
of mind owing the
the[sic] fact of our present
Got 5 dollars Bill Changed
bought 45 lbs sugar
Rained a very little
this afternoon mostly
clear  Parade

MSS 10317

1862 September 29 Staunton, Va.

[from the diary of Joseph Addison Waddell, civilian employee of the Quartermaster Dept.]

Monday, Sept. 29, 1862.
Reported that the enemy are advancing upon 
Winchester, in several columns. Our army has 
fallen back to the vicinity of that town. Have
heard from Legh — he was at Winchester on Sat-
urday, detained there to assist in the removal 
of stores.

[transcript by the Valley of the Shadow project]

MSS 38-258

1862 September 29 Chapel Hill, N.C.

[from the diary of Eliza Oswald Hill, refugee from Wilmington, N.C.]

Monday 29  I have been busy all day altering Eliza's basque--Mrs. Walters
& Sarah very busy upstairs cutting out for William--Liz spent the
day with Mrs Tyler & Person--The reported death of Dr. Dickson &
Thomas proved false, both living.  Liz has invited us all to break
fast in her room

MSS 6960

1862 September 29 Lynchburg, Va.

Monday 29  a much milder mor-
ning--quite summer-like.  Went
with Mr. Tilg[h]man to the cars at
an early hour. He recd a letter Satur
day which required him to go to Rich
mond.  I fear he will not long
survive unless he can spend the
winter in Florida.  He is a very
fine young fellow and we all
liked him greatly.
  The lines so often quoted in
ignorance of their authorship
"Last at his cross & earliest at  his grave"
is taken from a poem by Barrett
the author of the "Heaven." The passage is
Not she with traitorous kiss her savior stung
She while apostles shank, could danger brave
Last at his cross & earliest at his grave
For edition of the Poem see Quart. Rev.: vol. 19. 1818.
The lines are very spiritual and
the poem one we should not expect
from the author of such an extra-
vaganza as the Heroine
  The sun today was occasionally
intensely hot--The feeling was that
produced by artificial heat--
I have often observed in the autumn
The day was very delightful  heard
various rumors--The Yankees accounts
represent Buell as having made his
way to Louisville & that the city was
safe.--I dont believe it. Don Hal
-sey who was taken prisoner at
Sharpsburg came home last night
to the great joy of his friends.  He was
not hurt and was detained only
five days.  He says the loss of
the federals was immense & that our
victory was decided.  They admit
a drawn battle--went at night
to the Orange Depot to receive Mrs
Rich Davis.  We had to lodge no
less than seven visitors.

MSS 4763

1862 September 28 New Bern, N.C.

[from the diary of Jesse Calvin Spaulding, Co. F, 25th Massachusetts]

Sept 28
Had the sideache and did not sleep any hardly
last night, but felt better this morning so I
went out t inspection.  Went to church this fore-
noon and hear Mr Mellen preach.  Walked back to
camp with the Colonel and had a good chat with
him.  Have felt unwell all day, but went out on dress
parade. I long to be at home with my friends, partic-
ularly on the Sabbath when compelled to do so many
things unsuitable to the day, but God forgive me for
all things He may see amiss.

MSS 11293

Thursday, September 27, 2012

1862 September 28 Caroline County, Va.

Caroline County Va September 18th 1862

Dear Sister
                  I seat myself this morning to
inform you that I am well hopeing these few
lines will fine you all well. but I am
sorry indeede to inform you that I
got nun of my clothing but my overcoat
but I hate it more on your account than
my one for I know you hate it worse than
I do tell James that I got his shugar.
I have bought me a coat that will do this
winter and maby I can draw other clothing
that will do me this winter but if you
have any chance I would like to have some
socks I know you all are hard run for
clothing for you have so man to clothe
my clothing was stolen on the cars between
abingdon & Lynchburg.  I would like to have a
hat get mister hunt make me a hat an send it
the first chance I would like to have a pair of
boots but they are so high I will make out
without them.  I have a pair of gloves that will
do me this winter and I have shirts and slips
enough tell uncle Vincent that I have a num
ber one six shuter and moles[molds?] that I will
send him the first chance

[page 2]
Tell ma & pa that I hate the loss of my
clothing more on their account than I do
on mine for I know they hate it worse
than I do although I need the clothing
Martha I got your two last letters I would
have writen sooner but we have been on picket
Seven days the yankees are on our side of the
river and we are on the other but we have orders
not to fire on each other.  Martha you said
you would had been writing something that
you would like for me to hear write it again
and maby I will get it.  Martha pleas excuse
my bad writing spelling and mistakes
I will write soon again So nothing more
at present but remain your brother
                                     W.R. Gilmer

William Rives Gilmer, Co. I, 37th Virginia

MSS 5194

1862 September 28 "Eudora," near Leesburg, Va.

[from the diary of Lt. John Tyler, of Letcher's Artillery]

(Sept 28th )  (Sunday.)  Feel rather better
this morning.  Sat during the latter part
of the morning.  The family all went to
church this morning.  It’s rather
cloudy.  Miss Lizzie brought me in this
morning to look at a most exquisite lit-
-tle painting ( on Ivory) of “Beatrice diCenci”
which she got in Rome, & a most beauti-
-ful frame for it, made in Switzerland,
the whole thing is in excellent taste
and does credit to her taste.  I enjoy
gazing at it very much.  I think I can
detect some resemblance to my darling
Jennie, who is ever in my mind.  The
ladies seem to sympathize with me, for
not being able to hear a word from home
or from the boys in the Army.  Miss Lizzie
has kept me supplied ever since I have
been here with nice soft peaches & cream.
I long to show her in some way how
much I appreciate her kindness to me.
Have passed the day in reading my bible
& prayer book, & in pleasant converse with
the ladies who spent the evening in my room.

[transcript by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 6150

1862 September 28 near mouth of the Antietam

[from the diary of James Dinsmore Templeton, musician and private in the 23rd Ohio]

Sunday, Sept. 28, 1862

Went this morning
down to the Old Iron works
at the mouth of Antietam
went to the Canal & Potomac
came back bathed
Returned to camp read some
&c.  Went this evening
over to the 100 Pa  Heard
a short sermon. Saw
Jim Munford
Parade  Mostly cool

MSS 10317

1862 September 28 Alexandria

[letter of Josiah Perry, of Co. K., 33rd Massachusetts to his wife Phebe, begun on the 27th continues]

                   Sunday 28 Since
writing the above I have recieved
yours and as you seem to be in
a little trouble I will try to
help you out:  And first about
the box You need not worry
about that at all I can get along
very well:  I shall enclose an
order to Chas Winship for a pair
of stout boots and when he sends
them you can send my things
in the box you need not send
my Patent leather boots:at all you
may send me some pepper either
black or red.  There are a number
of pairs of boots coming out here
and they will probaly[sic]  send a box
or barrel Winship or Hixons can
tell you when it will be sent
We shall probabley remain here

[page 4]
for the present - cannot tell certainly
about the other matter you must
act your own pleasure If you think
you can enjoy yourself better in Prov
go and if not stay where you are
doubtless there will be some unpleasant
things about going to Providence and
I do not wish to persuade you in this
matter do just as you wish to: As soon
as we are paid off I will send you the
money and you will be able to pay your
expenses in either place.  I do not wish
you to be dependent on anyone: nor to
feel so either: I cannot of course look
into the future but many of our officers
think that the next 6 weeks will end
the rebellion  The rebels have got their death
blow, but how long it will take them
to die remains to be seen there will
probaly be some hard fighting yet but
their days are numbered  The flower
of their army lies dead on the banks of
the Potomac and in it: and if they fight
now it is for life they have nothing to
hope for this is what we think about
it we may or may not be right it is
very difficult to judge You will find
it hard work to read this as I have
spilled my ink all over it but you
may be able to make it out: You
write that the troops about here are
not satisfied with the Presidents
Proclamation that is news to me. on
the contrary I think it gives great
satisfaction. When men get face to

[page 5]
face with the rebels and find out
what they are, they do not feel as
friendly towards them as they did
at home.  If It was left to our
Regiment, to day, they would burn
this citty before it was a day
older The lines are sharply drawn
here and there is no friendship be
tween the two  I wish it was
so at the north.  You write about
the Crippled Brigade.  Or those
men I have nothing to say: If in
the Old Bay State there lives a
man who shrinks from his
duty in a time like this: let
him stay home.  We want men
here and could not make any
use of cowards if we had a mile
square of them: When this war
is ended they will be remmem
bered and despised to.  I Pitty
them sincerely.  Of news there
is nothing of interest to write

[page 6]
You will probaly hear of another
fight before long that is if there
is any fight left in the rebels our
army will push them to the wall
Col. Maggi ways we shall turn
them end over end before winter
he is very sanguine and says we
have got the rebels at last.  It
remains to be seen.  You will
give this order to Mr Winship
and when the boots are sent you
can send the things.  I should
like to have the cheese first
rate.  Do not work to hard and
do not worry about me.  God will
take care of us if only we are faithful
in doing our duty: Yours always

Josiah Perry, Co. K, 33rd Massachusetts

MSS 2215

1862 September 28 Washington

[from the "war journal" of George Hazen Dana of the 32nd Massachusetts as compiled by him at a later date from his wartime letters and diary]

                                                           Washington House
                                                       Sunday Eve’g. Sept. 28/62
I arrived here last night safe and sound, and
am so much better, that I shall, in all probability,
rejoin the regiment tomorrow -        It lies in
the vicinity of Harper’s Ferry.

MSS 5130

1862 September 28 Bakersville

[from the diary of Samuel S. Johnson, 1st Massachusetts Independent Light Battery]

 Sept. 28th

     Every thing this week has been very quiet.  Day in
camp at the St James College all day of the 22nd.
At noon of the 23rd we harnessed up, and marc-
-hed to Bakersville, where we are to remain some
time to recruit our strength, and to repair the
battery.  A number of our men are quite unwell,
I myself am quite unwell.  Pleasant and.

[transcript by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 8493

1862 September 28 Louisville

[from the diary of Captain William F. Hunter, Co. B., 97th Ohio]

     Sept. 28th, ‘62
The sun shines
brightly this morning.
there was an inspection
of arms at 9 A.M. &
preaching, by Rev.
McFarland, immedi-
ately afterward.
Feel well, but tired
to-day. Between 2
& 3 o’clock, P.M. heavy
cannonading was
heard in front, im-
mediately we were
ordered to “fall in”,
with guns & Cartridge
boxes, which order
was executed with
alacrity. We stood
in line of battle
over an hour,
when we were or-
dered to stack arms
& go to quarters; which
was the end of the
battle for that time.

[transcript by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 10547-bm

1862 September 28 Suffield, Conn.

[from the diary of the Rev. Francis Butler, future chaplain of the 25th New Jersey]

Sun 28.  My last Sab. before going to the war –
Attended meetg. to organize a mission school –
Preached twice – addressed S. School & P.M. prayer meetg.
Morn. audience large – Eveg. crowded to excess & hundred
went away.  Afternoon prayer meeting very tender &
affective – It is a great grief for me to leave a people
so attached & sympathizing.  Cloudy out – Stars clear
as we came out – Shook hands with many a[t] close of
service – May God bless us all –

MSS 12935

1862 September 28 Chapel Hill, N.C.

[from the diary of Eliza Oswald Hill, refugee from Wilmington, N.C.]

Sunday 28th  We have all been to Church & Mr. Wingfield gave us a
good sermon.  Mr. Johnston read the service, & the congregation
was large--Since Church we have had the death of Dr. Dickson
confirmed  & instead of Dr. A.E. Wright we learn the other death
was Dr. Thomas--Dr. Mallet after two months sickness is still
so low that his family have sent for his father--Fever raging more
violently than ever in Wilmington--They have sent to Charleston
& Richmond for nurses & physicians--God's anger heavy indeed
upon us for our past ingratitude & sins--The bible tells us that
before the end of the World we will have War, pestilence & fa
-mine the two first is upon us--& the other is fast approaching.

MSS 6960

1862 September 28 Fauquier County, Va.

[from the diary of Anne Madison Willis Ambler]

As usual did not spend
a profitable Sabbath---

Read my Bible. Bickersteth on
the Lord's supper, but I did not
enjoy them as I should have done.

[entries for September 29 and 30 have been torn out by an unknown person]

[as transcribed in 1972 by her granddaughter Ann Madison Wright Ambler]

MSS 15406

1862 September 28 Lynchburg, Va.

[from the diary of William M. Blackford, bank officer and former diplomat with five sons in the Confederate Army]

Sunday 28  Beautiful day--nothing by
last nights mail.  Church--large
congregation--nervous headache
which made me feel very
stupid--after dinner a nap
which relieved [my head?] a good
deal--Called to see Mary Gwatkins
who goes to morrow.  Mr. & Mrs. Preston
came to tea.  Heard much about
the Salt works which was new
to me.  I hope under the last
act, giving him plenary power,
the Governor will take the works
into his hands paying a [?]
sum. Such a property ought
not to belong to individuals. At
a million of dollars the property
would be cheap & in fact cost
nothing--went to church at
night and heard an admirable
sermon--Willy Blackford
called to take leave.  He has been
promoted and is detailed for duty
at the camp of instruction.  He has
been in 9 battles besides skirmishes
and escaped unhurt in all.
His account of the late battle
of Manasses is very stirring.  He
has been a faithful and excellent

MSS 4763

[from the diary of William M. Blackford, bank officer and former diplomat with five sons in the Confederate Army]

1862 September 28 Fort Tillinghast,

                              Fort Tillinghast Va Sep 28/62

My Dear Wife,
                      I hardly know what to attempt to
write.  Nothing new of importance transpires here
from day to day.  I was rather disappointed in not
receiving a letter from you last night. I dont find
any fault, because I know that you have other
duties of greater importance to attend to, We are
having some very delightful weather here now, We have
cool mornings and evenings.  Two companies have
started, (of the 14th) for Harper's Ferry (H. & I) to do
garrison duty there, they were very much pleased
with the prospect of being sent there, I wish that
Co M. had had the chance, I should like to
go there to see the place, if nothing more, It is
said to be a very pleasant, beatifull[sic]  place, I suppose
now that we shall stay here for the present, Col
Wrights (formerly Major) headquarters are here and
he is having the camp and buildings, tents &c
put in as good order as possible, There is but one
other company stationed here with us, Co E
Capt Sargent.  There has been a story in circulation

[page 2]
here for the last week, that we were going to garri-
son some other fort, but nobody knows where.  It
is probably nothing more nor less than a camp story.
I haven't heard anything from any of the Officers
about it.  Perkins's box arrived on Thursday last, in it
for me, I found some flannels, tobacco, tea, and some
composition, all very usefull articles with the
exception of the tobacco, Thank you and Mary Ann
for all.

Letter of Robert, an unidentified soldier from Lynn, Massachusetts, in company M. of the 14th Massachusetts Infantry (1st Heavy Artillery) will continue on October 1.

MSS 1242

1862 Sept 28th Richmond, Va.

1862 Richmond  Sept 28th

My dear Mary
               I send you in
closed a note from your
aunt and from Miss Mar
garet Watkins, and need
not add that you will al
ways find at Roanoke the
same friends and welcome
you have had of old---
     I mentioned in a for-
mer note that your father
left some memoranda with
me, and a codicil to an old
will--I presume however
these papers have been render
ed valueless by subsequent
arrangements--I will care

[page 2]
fully preserve them as
it is barely possible that
some of them may be
     With much love to your
self and the children
                            Yours truly
                          Wood Bouldin

Another family separated by the war. Virginia relatives of Philadelphian Mary Virginia Ellet, later Cabell, are concerned for the well being of her and her younger siblings who were orphaned when their father, Union Colonel Charles Ellet, Jr., was mortally wounded on the Queen of the West in the naval assault on Memphis and their mother died a few days after her husband.

MSS 276

1862 September 27, New Bern, N.C.

[from the diary of Jesse Calvin Spaulding, Co. F., 25th Massachusetts]

Sept 27
This morning finished learning the hymn
while on guard.  Have had the sideache
this afternoon and did not do much but lie around
Just a year ago to day since I went into camp
and O how many dangers the Lord had brought me
through. Thanks be to His holy name.

MSS 11293

Wednesday, September 26, 2012

1862 September 27 Covington Ky

Covington Ky
 September 27 1862
Good morning Uncle and aunt
I seat my Self this morning
with pen in hand to write yo
a few lines.  I received your kind
letter on the 26th inst it found
me well and in good Spirits
I am well at present the rest of
the boys are all well except
George Winters he is quite unwell
he has had two or three shakes
of the ague he went out on
picket last Wednesday morning
and was taken sick the same day.
Charles LarRowe also has been unwell
considerable of the time since he
came in to this cam he has not
been so gad but what he could get
around gut was not fit for duty
I have not been excused from duty
but two days The boys seem to
bee enjoying them selves first rate

[page 2]
We are at the same camp that we
were when I wrote to you before
and they seem to think that
we will stay here all winter but there is
no nowing it when we may be called
away from here for mi part I would
rather go farther South than this
There has a great many troops left
here for Louisville  They expect an attact
there they may attact us here or there
as soon as they are a mind to
we are reddy for them We have fource
enough with our position and fortifi-
cations to stand a fource of 150,000
men it is not exacly known
by us how far they are from us is not
known Last wednesday our pickets was
stationed where the enemys pickets
was stationed 10 days before and I
was on the ground that the enemy
encamped on ther was 15,000 in camp
there on Thursday there was 5 of the 18 Mich
reg that was taken prisoner not more than

[page 3]
a mile from where I was stationed
they think there is some danger of'
Louisville being attacted Aunt you wrote
that you had a lint bee for the
Soldiers I am glad that the people
are so though ful and kind
to make provisions for those that
are wounded in defence of there
country I hope that I will not
need to use any of it but if
I do I will think of those Lint
pickings that you are having I
suppose that my brother James
will be at home by the time my
letter comes to hand Aunt I am
sitting at the out side of my tent
writing and right to the next row of
tents to the left of us there is a sick
man he is in a spathum he is
making such a mourndful noise
that I can hardly write There was
a man that dide out of com F
this morning he had the tyfoid fever

[page 4]
we have had midling good times
here for the last two weeks we have
had plenty to eat We have got
some tents now and we fare
pretty well I like a soldiers life
first rate I am glad that I enlisted
altho I would like to be at home to
attend your lint pickings and paring
bees and spend the time of amusements
with with[sic] the young folks
Your letter done me a good
deel of good It done me more good
than mi supper did I ask you
to write as often as you can O Yes tehn
thousand thanks for those postage
stamps I have got 13 dollars of
my pay I do not know when the
remainder of that $40.00 will come I hope
soon  write some from your affectionate
                         A.H. Holt
to Arthur and Ann Eliza Anderson
P.S. direct as before

Albert H. Holt,  45th Ohio

MSS 8474

1862 September 27 "Eudora," near Leesburg,Va.

[from the diary of Lt. John Tyler of Letcher's Artillery]
   (Sept 27th) Quite cold this morning and
the ladies say, will move me into another
room that has a fireplace in, this evening.
Mr Braden went to Lovettsville this morning,
promised to try and get me some articles
from there.  Returned this evening & succeed-
-ed in getting me some flannel, cloth for
pants & 2 linen handkerchiefs, for all of
which am very thankful, was fearful I
would be able to get nothing of the sort here.
The ladies spent the evening with me,
& afterwards was moved in to a room on the
front of the house, from windows of which
there is a beautiful view of the country –

[transcript by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 6150

1862 September 27 near Clear Springs

   Field of Action near Clear Springs
                       Friday Sep 27th 1862

Dear Brothers
                           I have a little leis-
ure time this morning and I thought
that I could not put it to any better
use than in writing you a few
lines.  As yet, I am well, and
we are haveing a little easier time
just now than usual. The tide
of battle has for the moment
subsided and we soldiers are
having another rest--
Our regiment is now scattered
along the banks of the Potomac
doing picket-duty The Rebels
occupy one side of the river and
we the other.  We often talk across
to each other I do not think it
will be long until we make an
other advance upon Virginia Soil
We were for several days kept
in rear of the Army but now
we have been moved to the front

[page 2]
I do not care where they keep
us whether in front or rear
As long as Uncle Sam gives us  as
enough to eat and good
horses to ride, we are ready
and willing to do him Service
any where. We have become
so accustomed to sleeping out
of doors, that all we need to
ensure us a good nights sleep
is to have a blankets to wrap
about our bodys and our sad-
dles to lay our heads upon
We have no tents, but hope to get
them soon and it will be much
better then.  I have me another
over coat, and you may tell fath
er to use that one at home.
I got t his one at Harpers Ferry and
it is a verry large good one just
like that one at home.  I will
make Father a present of that
one at home.  this will last
me til the war is over and then
I would never want to see one again.

[page 3]
Well boys I suppose that
you are having good times
that is right Hank will
have good times someday too
& hope this war will end soon
and I get to see you again
You boys must fix up your
fall work do all your fall
plowing soon, Save your seed
corn take care of all you small
grain, build up your staples
make them [?]  Save plen-
ty of hay and be ready to
commence picking corn [hole in paper]
so that you can get it all [hole in paper]
to the mill before snow comes.
Do up our work as men
should do, and dont forget
to do it yourselves and not
call on father to do so much
after you get your work done
then go to School and by all means
dont forget what you are going
there for.  Remember it is "to study"
and make men of yourselves.

[page 4]
as well to gain a great deal
of self [?]ion on your part
to make yourselves useful in the
world. Ah, Boys if you would
be useful men you must
make good use of your school
day life and not let a moment
of early life go to waste.
   all the boys that were taken pris
      at Harpers Ferry
oner ^ have gone home.  About
20 of our Co were taken and
we have now abut 61 men in the
company and 332 men in our
regiment. the 8th Ills. cavalry
has but 600 men Well boys I
must close  Give my love to
all the folks and love to all
the School-marms.  Dont forget
to write to me Son and tell me
all the news.  I need some postage
stamps I have recd no letters from
you for a long time  direct via
Clear springs 12th Ills Cav. Co C.
5 Division of McClellans Army
  As ever your Affectionat Brother
                  W. H. Redman

MSS 7415

1862 September 27 Camp E. D. Keyes, Augusta, Maine

    Camp E. D. Keyes
                Augusta Sept 27th 1862
Dear Parents
                    You will probably hear
from George all the stirring news of
the day.
            I have been in the adjutant's
office the most of the time since
I came here until Thursday I was
appointed ward master of the
24th Regt. Surgeon J.C. Manson of
     Through the influence of Hiram
mostly.  The work will not be
very hard. pay $20 1/2 per month
   I shall try and get a
furlough for a few days, next week.
    You can put into that valise
things that you think will be of service.
    Please send me $10 directly
                 Your affectionate son C.P. M.

[in side margin]
Direct in care of Capt H. C. Vaughan 24th
co. E. 24th Regt. Maine V. In.

Charles Plummer Morrill, 24th Maine

MSS 11031

1862 September 27 Camp Chase, Arlington Heights

                                                 Arlington Hights Sept 26
                                                 Camp Chase, - Friday Eve
Dear Brother George
                                       I haven’t much
to do this evening and every thing
is quiet so I may as well write
home again     Our Company has
gone to guard long bridge, to-
night and as I dident feel much
like walking down there I got
excused     I am rather tired this
evening as we have been out almost
all day on another “blamed”
Review and there was a pretty
long string of troops together I
tell you about 15,000 besides –

Artillery but I have had about
enough of Reviews          It’s too
hard work to be fun     we have
to carry our arms in one position
so long and it was dreadful
hot to day – I received Helen’s
letter this afternoon also a Press
and Sunday Times from Chas
     Aaron’s box arrived yesterday
together with my ration box     every
thing was all serene, except
some eggs that they sent Aaron
they were rather the worse for
wear        I judged and I fancy I
can smell them yet – the
ginger cakes were all right and
very good.     Tell Helen that she
may make me some mittens
if she wants to but I am in no
hurry for them -  a-la [Here is drawn a sketch of a mitten.]

            I am glad to hear that
they are fixing the road in front

of the house, - but don’t see
the use of cutting down that
large tree        I should just tell
them “woodman spare them
fellers”..        How do you like
the new teacher that is boarding
at our house        I think that is
a good idea as she will be
company for Helen..
                                       Every thing is nice –
and cozy under canvas and
perhaps you would like to know
how things look inside – well
the tent is about 8 feet square,
and 8 high [Sketch of tent is inserted.] along the back of
the tent all our knapsacks are put
and serve as pillows then we spread
down our rubber blankets then our
overcoats and put our wollen blankets
over us (that is a[t] night) in the day
time we put them on the top of
the tent to air or else fold them
up nicely on our knapsacks    our guns

are all put in a rack in the back
of the tent, - then we have got
a shelf in the top of it for our
crate and hats – they take up
an awful sight of room
besides we have got a bench
that we use as a seat or table
just as it happens, - we have got
our floor again the Q.M. brought
them all over yesterday and we
have got it all down in good shape
        We get along very well at
present with only 4 of us
but it is rather piled up with
6. Tell Helen she need not
think of sending those “gum boots”
of mine as I should only throw
them away     I would get me some
slippers here only I cant spare
the money – my slippers I guess
you will find under Biddy’s
hoops but you had better let
them stay there – they are safe

[The following part of this letter is written in the margin on page one.]
About Lieut Thompson
he is sick now but has
not been but a day or two
he was carried to the
Hospital tent this evening
has got chills & fever
     Will Catlin is well
and all right has gone
to the bridge –
     Tell Helen that I
know Capt Peck well
but can’t make out
who inquired about
him, must stop now
for the drums are –
beating tattoo – will
write again Sunday
         Yours   Jim

James H. Howard, 15th Conncecticut

[transcript by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 12668

1862 September 27 Louisville

[from the diary of Captain William F. Hunter of Co. B., 97th Ohio]

     Sept. 27th, 1862.
Pleasant morn-
ing – indications
of rain. The road
as far as I can see,
is literally filled
with army wagons.
     It commenced rain-
ing early in the day,
& has been raining
constantly nearly
all day; & from ap-
pearances, will con-
tinue all night.
The ground is

low, & there is a prob-
ability that we
will be inundated.
It will be unpleas-
antly “damp” to
Contrary to expecta-
ton, it did not rain
at night, but was
very damp & cold.

[transcript by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 10547-bm

1862 September 27 Suffield, Conn.

[from the diary of the Rev. Francis Butler future chaplain of the 25th New Jersey]

Sat 27.  Told Col. Duran I would accept –
The regt. is made up largely of Paterson men – the
Col – Lt. Col. & Quartermaster are members of Mr.
H’s Ch - & known to me – also many of other officers &
men – some fr. my own ch.
Col. D. sd. another man had been named by 3. Cos –
fr. So. Jersey - & handed in with list of staff officers –
to him – He said he preferred a Paterson man.  Some
one named me – another named Mr. Robinson –
both good sd. he – I would like either – prefer Mr Butler
have power to decide – but wont take responsibility
Let Providence decide – Put names of Mr.s B & R –
in hat & man drawn shall be man – A Roman
Cath. Capt. drew - & my name was drawn –
Made some calls &c – Abe   Henry called
showed me tower of mill – Gave me
Beauty – if I would take her for horse.
At 3 ½ began Ser   Psal 17:15 – wrote it in
about 3 ½ hours between that & 11 P. M.
Also attended Meeetg of Officers at Col D’s.
& called at Mr. H’s.     Lovely day – tried
a horse for Col. D –
   And so this eventful week ends –
I am glad to go under the Pres. Proclamation
May the Lord bless & guide us & our country
to his glory for Jesus sake –

[transcript by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 12935

1862 September 27 Alexandria, Va.

Alexandria Saturday Sept 27
     Dear Phebe
I am on guard
to-day and having a little time
to spare think will write
you a line.  I am the most at
liberty this afternoon that I have
been since I have been here
and as I am well and in good
spirits I feel pretty comfortable
Our late victories have put us
in the best possible humor
and every thing goes on wheels
Just know the spirits of the
rebels are correspondingly low
and their faces here lengthened
a good deal in the last fort
night.  The iron has entered
their souls this time and their
is mourning in their houses
a citizen of Alexandria to[sic] me
that out of  600 who went into
the late battles from this place

[page 2]
only 17 are known to be alive
truly the first born of every house
is taken and these were not
the poor, but the richest. The
royal householders: It is sad to
think of but they would have it
so: There is now no shouting for
Jeff Davis, nor abuse of yankees
heard in the streets.  The rebels
have enough to do to console
one another without insulting
us with speech or song: They
had decorated their houses
and prepared delicacies with
which to treat Jacksons army
when it should arrive: and told
us they would have things their
own way in a few days.  Now
in silence and in tears they
remove the costly viands and
festoons: the beautiful wreath
and the carefully prepared boquet
and bring forth the sable

[page 3]
garb of mourning; and instead of
welcoming their friends to the
banquet they meet in sorrow
only to mourn:

[Letter of Josiah Perry, of Co. K, 33rd Massachusetts, will continue on the 28th]

MSS 2215

1862 September 27 Camp at the Mouth of Antietam

      Camp at the Mouth of Antietam Sept 27th / 62
Dear Father & Mother
        We removed out camp
yesterday about a mile to this
place.  We are now attached to
Gen Burnside's Corps de Army
the 100 Pa Regt is in this Corps
hence I have had opportunity to see
Aaron quite frequently, Julius Miller
& Jim Munford are both in the same
Regt  Robert McClure came down
here a few days since to see the
boys not knowing but what
some of them might have been
wounded in the late battle
I believe he was sent here partly
you have no doubt ere this
seen full accounts of the late
battle in the papers It is said
by those who have been at the battle
before Richmond that Malvern Hill
was no comparison to Antietam
it has been called by some the
Waterloo of America.
It is reported that the Enemy are
still in force across the river near

[page 2]
Williamsport We will probably
remain here some days yet
I believe McClellan is near
Williamsport  We can see them
makeing balloon reconnoisances almost
hourly  We have no Tents--I am
writing to you sitting on the ground
where I sleep: in the sun--and it is
rather warm.  Our liveing of late
has been very poor  We get Hard bread
coffee a little sugar & a little fresh beef.
   How does Tom & Eliza get
along?  What are you dong &c &c
Tell the boys I have not had those
letters yet  How are money matters
now?  What do you think of the
Presidents late Proclimation?
       Yours Truly
           J.d. Templeton
23rd Regt Band Ohio Vol-Inf
Cox's Division 9th Army Corps
     Via Washington D. C.

1862 September 27 Camp at the mouth of the Antietam

Saturday, Sept. 27, 1862
This morning the
boys concluded to
make out new descri-
ptive lists.  Thad & I
went to Gen Burnsides
Hd Quarters to see about
ours  Walter  his Adjt Genl
gave us some encour-
agement saying that
he would see to it
went in search of the
troop could not find
them. Wrote letters to Father
Lieut Munford came over to
see me told me of Aaron
getting a furlough he & McC[?]
gone home
Parade this evening
Mostly Clear; now
threatening rain

MSS 10317

1862 September 27 Staunton, Va.

[from the diary of Joseph Addison Waddell, civilian employee of the Quartermaster Dept.]

Saturday night, Sept. 27, 1862.
Late this evening, nearly 500 Yankee prisoners were 
brought up from Winchester. They marched four in 
files of four, were better clothed than our poor fellows — 
sky blue pants, dark blue jackets + caps. Many of them 
were very ill-looking. It is said they were captured first 
at Harper's Ferry, and soon afterwards somewhere else, 
having violated their parole. It was pitiful to see 
so many human beings conducted along like sheep. --
Troops have been moving down the Valley (from 
here) about every day this week. Two parties went 
out to-day — a company this morning, and several 
hundred, not organized, this afternoon. Four or five 
 hundred came up on the cars to-night. Most 
of the wounded soldiers from Winchester have been shipped 
off to Richmond. Others continue to drop in all 
day, however. Night before last the town was alive 
with them. Many slept in the Court house porch, 
in front of the American Hotel +c. They were fed, 
as far as possible, by the citizens. No late news
from the army. Another horse sale to-day — 114 
sold — from 25c to $192.

[transcript by the Valley of the Shadow project]

MSS 38-258

1862 September 27 Lynchburg,Va.

[from the diary of William M. Blackford, bank officer and former diplomat with five sons in the Confederate Army]

Saturday 27  Weather quite cool
but very fine.  Bragg very near
Louisville.  Great consternation at
his approach.  I suppose  his taking
the city is a foregone conclusion.
I would rather he captured Cincin-
nati--our army in the  lower
Valley seems concentrated at
Martinsburg--Charles & Sue came
over and spent the eveng.  He
goes next week--Monday I believe
& rejoins his company--He is not
well enough- and in low spirits
-not a word from Lanty or William
I hope now Lanty will not avail
here if himself of his detail but rough
it out--Eugene's leg improves
slowly & he frets greatly.  The Con
tribution for the orphan asylum
amounts to near 1400$.  I do not
like the position of affairs and
think we are in great danger
in spite of the splendid campaign
of the year on the Chickahominy
& in Maryland.

MSS 4763

1862 September 27 Chapel Hill, N.C.

[from the diary of Eliza Oswald Hill, refugee from Wilmington, N.C.]

Saturday 27th Still cool & pleasant--We have finished the Book---dont
think it very interesting but I am glad I read it--Liz gone off again
to spend the day with Mrs. Person. Sarah & her mother out returning visits
I have been all day altering Eliza's basque sleeves--finished them & my
sock too--Mrs. Walters has returned & heard while out that Dr. Dickson
& Adam Wright had died with the yellow fever & it had not abated
at all--Eliza & I were all ready to go up for Liz at Mrs Person's when we
heard she was coming home so we were disappointed.

MSS 6960

1862 September 27 Fauquier County, V.

Saturday, September 27, 1862

Emma & I went to town in the carriage
I wanted to get my dress & things from
Mr. Stewarts--
Saw two bodies of cavalry

Called to see Mrs. White & while we were
there a man presented himself &
said he must press my carriage to
send wounded to Winchester.  I begged
him not to do it as I was six
miles from home & had no other way to
go & could not stay.  "I am sorry Mam
but I am compelled to do"--I said I live
on the Winchester road & will take two men
with me.  "Well mam he said that will do"
So we sent the carriage to the Court
House & they only sent us one man, but we
started home for fear of greater delay.
--poor fellow he is from S. C.--seems
heartily tired of the War.--
was quite sick when we reached home.
Pa put him to bed & gave him a nice
julep which seemed to revive him
considerably--said it was just what
he wanted --
His name is Boyd

MSS 15406

1862 September 26 New Bern, N.C.

[from the diary of Jesse Calvin Spaulding, Co. F., 25th Massachusetts]

Sept 26
Am on guard No. 16 over the Quartermasters
It was a very cool night but the day is
a beautiful one.  O may God in great mercy
grant me a firmer trust in Him through Christ
O Lord grant me a speedy and safe return home
the war being over.  Sat down most of the time on
guard.  Learned part of the third hymn on my beat.

MSS 11293

Tuesday, September 25, 2012

1862 post August 30 Headquarters 3rd Brigade

                             Head Quarters  3d Brigade
Capt Fry  A A A Genl
    To Brig Genl J. L. Kemper comdng Division
I have the honor to submit respectfully the fol-
lowing report of the action of this Brigade in
the Battle of Manassas Augt 30th 1862
  After changing position several times during
the day at about 3 1/2 or 4 oclock P.M. I formed
the Brigade into line of Battle near the
house of Wm Lewis Esqr. at right angles with
the turnpike and was ordered into the
action (already begun) on the right of
Genl Hoods Division--The Brigade charged
in line of battle in beautiful style through
two pieces of wood separated by a corn-
field without meeting the enemy  On
emerging from the second piece of wood
we came upon the Enemy on  both sides
of the Chinn House--the position of the
Brigade in the general line of Battle
threw me on the South side of the Chinn
House--the left of the Brigade just touch-
ing it--The force of the Enemy was not
strong on the South side of this house &
it was soon scattered and driven before
us with great rapidity

[page 2]
The ardor of the troops at this time was very
great and I found some difficulty in
holding them well in hand
Having routed the enemy in front and ob
serving that he was strongly posted in large
numbers on the north side the Chinn House
to my left 
^and a little in my rear I found a change
of front was necessary--I ordered a march
by the left flank and by file left so as to
front this second body of the enemy from
whom we were receiving a very heavy
fire of musketry & shell--as soon as this
movement was entered upon by the whole
Brigade I placed myself at the head
of the Column (the left of the 56th Regt) so as
to conduct into proper position --The fire
of the  Enemy guns at this time was
most destructive--Notwithstanding this
fire which we could not return the
Brigade was executing the change
of front with great coolness and gallantry
When Col Allen of the 28th Regt without
my knowledge ordered his Regt to halt as
stated in his report. This caused a separation
of the Brigade and created some confusion
in the ranks of all the Regiments
The Brigade was somewhat scattered in

[page 3]
consequence but soon after pushed forward
with great intrepidity, assisted in taking
the batteries in our front and in driving
the Enemy from his position--The
Brigade continued to fight till night
fall.  No Enemy being then in our
immediate front and having suffered
heavily I retired to collect those of
the command who had been scattered.
The officers and men for the most part
exhibited unusual spirit and daring and
but for the confusion created in chan=
ging front would have made the most
splendid fight
  I am greatly indebted to my staff officers
for their efficient air and gallantry
Capt Jones 18th Va Regt A.a.a. Genl and Lieut Jas.
McIntire acting Aid  de camp, Charles F Linthi
cum chaplain of the 8 Va Regt and  [space] Jar-
main volunteer aid all acted with great
coolness and bravery--Mr Linthicums horse
was killed under him while rallying some
troops--For special instances of good
conduct in the Brigade reference is
made to accompanying Reg.l reports
The loss of the Brigade (which carried
into the fight   [space] guns) was

[page 4]
Twenty two (22) Killed Two Hundred and
two (202) wounded and one missing
Col Stuart of the 56th Col Allen of 28th
Lieut Col Carrington of the 18th and Lieut
Col Gantt of the 19th Regts were all slight=
ly wounded--Col Strange of 19th had
his horse wounded under him
  Capt Eshlemans Battery Washington
Artillery attached to this Brigade was by
                        during this fight
order detached ^ and fought almost
altogether out of my sight.  I can
therefore only refer to his report here
with for the part he took on that mem-
orable battle field--All who witnessed his
conduct on that day bear testimony
to his judgment coolness and bravery
  Reference is made to accompanying
reports for a list of casualties of Each
Regt--which have also been heretofore
specially reported
  All of which is Resptfully submitted
                 Eppa Hunton
                     Col  Brigade

MSS 4021

1862 September 26 Leetown Jefferson County, Va

Headqrs 2 Cavalry Brigade
at Leetown,Jefferson Co, Va.
Sept 26 1862

My dear mother
You will perceive
from the heading of this
that I have gotten about
into my old neighborhood
  Our regiment, after having
been separated from the brigade
on detached service for 3 weeks
time, finished the duty assig-
ned us (that of collecting
arms at Manassas & forwar=
=ding them to Winchester &
Rapidan) on Sunday last
  the morning of Monday
found us at Paris, on the moun

[page 2]
=tain, 17 miles from Winchr
We were expecting to leave
that day, but our departure
was a good deal expedited by
rather unlooked for attack
which a body of the enemy's
cavalry made upon us
at 7 or 8 o'clock A.M.
  We were in number no more
than 150; & they had 10000
cavalry & 2 pieces of artil=
=lery.  Our commanding
officer, Lieut Col. Jno S. Greene
was not aware of their strength
& marched out boldly to meet
their attack   The head of
column met in the road, and
there was sharp firing for a

[page 3]
minute or two, but immedi=
=ately they outflanked us, &
nothing waved our whole com=
=mand from capture & de=
=struction but a very pre=
=cipitate retreat. Our men
ran 1/2 a mile at full speed,
the enemy pressing after, shoot=
=ing & sabring; but happily
they then slackened pur=
=suit, & our regt halted &
formed & fell back in order
thro' the grass & over the river
  I do not wish to be involved
in another stampede.  It is
not pleasant to make one of
a crowd of rushing horsemen
under the circumstances

[page 4]
above described.  On that occa=
=sion, however, thanks to a
kind providence, my good horse
Bill brought me out of the
throng in safety.  I went
over the river in charge of a
wounded captain, and
then trusting to my minis=
=terial character for im=
=munity, returned to Paris
to look after our wounded
  But when I got there the
enemy had left, in some
haste.  We lost 10 or 12
killed & wounded & 6 or 8
prisoners--the enemy
fully as many killed &

[page 5]
I am tolerably well--& doing
some good, I think--I have
preached frequently
   I must close
dear love to Staige, E-
L.  Bro. [G.] & all--
In haste Yr affte son         
                Richard T. Davis
I am sorry I have no stamps
My supply is exhausted
  I hope to see Cousin Nancy &
my old Martg friends shortly
Day before yester I called
on Mr Ambler at Charleston
& the day before on Mr Suter[?]
at Berryville.  the hospita=

[page 6]
=ities of old friends are
oases in the desert of a
soldiers camp life
We have gotten no mails

from R. T. Davis
Chapl. 6 Va Cav.

Mrs M. J. Davis
      University of

Richard Terrell Davis, 1830-1892, son of Professor John A.G. Davis and University of Virginia alumnus, after the war rector of St. James P.E. Church, Leesburg, Va.

MSS 7690-ah

1862 September 26-30

[from the diary of Wesley A. Hammond, Co. E., 42nd Virginia (Dixie Greys)

Friday 26 – Remain in camp at
Martinsburg – Saturday 27.  A large
moving of troops – fall back to
Bunker Hill.  Sunday 28th  Re-
main in camp. – Monday 29
Go to Winchester  [-] to
flank the guard to get away –
Tuesday 30 – Remain in camp
at Bunker Hill –

[transcript by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 5526

1862 September 26 "Eudora," near Leesburg, Va.

[from the diary of Lt. John Tyler, Letcher's Artillery]

(Sept 26th)  Heavy
frost last night, very cold this morning.
Feel quite feverish this morning & head
pains a good deal.  Our cavalry have just
been heard from in Leesburg & Waterford, it
is supposed they are trying to capture quite an
obnoxious Yankee cavalry captain, who has annoy-
-ed the inhabitants of this part the country
very much by horse stealing etc:  he was out

of their way though too quick.  Mr Gregg went
to Lovettsville near the Potomac about 7 or 8 miles
from here, & was to see me this evening, says at a
store there can be gotten almost anything in
the dry goods line.  Finished “Liberty & Slavery”.
& commenced Macaulays Hist. of England.
The ladies spent the evening with me.

[transcript by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 6150

1862 September 26-28 Winchester, Va.

[from the diary of Frank C. Fitzhugh, Cutshaw's Battery]

Friday 26th 1862
   Got to Winchester about
10 Oclock A.M.  Spent the
night. (27th) Oscar spent
the day with me on his way
to his regiment.  He was
detailed in Hospital at Winchester

[transcript by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 4448

1862 September 26 Roanoke

Roanoke--Friday Night
Sept 26th

I have written repeatedly to you, and so has
your Uncle William, Cousin Margaret, and little
Ellie, but as we have never been able to hear in
return, whether you, my own darling Mary, have
ever received our letters I will again send you
a few lines, and shall continue to avail myself
of every possible chance to write-need I tell
you my beloved child you are ever in my
thoughts and heart.  Heaven knows I would
willingly indulge any possible amount of pri
vation and danger, to get to you and yours
--Mary, We all love you with unspeakable
tenderness, and long to have you all with
us--I never can know any comfort til you
do come to us--and I must we may ere
long be permitted to see each other

[page 2]
I have been confined to my room, by a slight
attack of fever, and am still feeble.  Ellie has again
had Dyptherea and is still sick in bed  She begs I
will give you and dear little Nina a great deal
of love. She wrote to Nina some weeks again.
  You are the subject of our constant prayers
and sincerest affection, my darling niece
  Your Uncle William mentions having sent on
several letters to you from Margaret and him
self--also one from little Ellie--I hope they reached
you--your Uncle Wood is at R-d--all the family are
pretty well and write in love.  E says she must add
a line to dear little Nina. God bless and
keep you prays yr devoted Aunt Mat.

My dearest Nina
                             I wrote you some time ago, but have an
-other opportunity & must write a line--Dear Nina, no words
could tell how much I do long to see you, how I wish it
were possible you could be here with us.  Nina it would
give me so much pleasure if you would write me
a letter, how I long to hear again from you all.
Give my devoted love & a kiss to dear cousin Mary
Charly & dear little Willie.  For your self dear Nina
accept a large portion of love from
       Your ever loving cousin. Ellie

Another family separated by the war. Virginia relatives of Philadelphian Mary Virginia Ellet, later Cabell, are concerned for the well being of her and her younger siblings who were orphaned when their father, Union Colonel Charles Ellet, Jr., was mortally wounded on the Queen of the West in the naval assault on Memphis and their mother died a few days after her husband.

MSS 276

1862 September 26 Camp Chase, Arlington Heights

                                                 Arlington Hights  Sept 30 [1862]
                                                         Camp Chase
Dear Sister Helen,
                                       I received your long
letter yesterday also the one from Father
and was as glad as usual to hear from
home – glad to hear that they are making
such improvements on the street and
& front of our house – hope that it will
be all fixed up when I get ready
to come home, - That must have been
a rather tough fire for poor Meriden
the town will have to build up the
Depot right away – and war times too
     don’t see how they can stand it
     but it really is too bad for Mrs. Norton

          We had pretty lively times here
yesterday – about 2 oclock in the
morning a courier rode into Camp
with orders to have us ready to march
at 4 oclock a.m. and we were routed
up and packed our knapsacks and
haversacks with 3 days rations and
got every thing ready for a forced
march and 4 ock came, and no more
orders and so we waited and waited
and at 10 oclock an order came
that we no longer belonged to Rawe’s
Brigade, but were detailed to guard
long bridge and fort Runyan as before,
so we are to remain here, until
we are wanted somewhere else –
we shall probably go into barracks
at Washington for the winter
     I was quite disappointed for I had
got all ready and got my mind all
made up to see fighting and it
came pretty hard to have to
unpack and settle down in

our old tracks – All the Regiments
around us here have gone, - I believe
to Fredericks City – and we are left all
alone   there isn’t a Regiment in sight
except the guard that was left to
see to the baggage, of each –
         Gen Kane said that he regretted
very much that he was obliged to
part with this “noble body of men”
and the amount of it is that we shant
see much fighting as long as we have
Col Wright to command us and
the boys are all rather provoked about
it -  he don’t want to die for his
country any more than the rest of
us, and he won’t fight as long as
he can help it – so you see we
are Casey’s pets still and you need
not be very much worried about
our safety we are not in very much
danger of being cut up at present
     Gen Kane is a real nice man
    and a big fighter he was wounded

in the leg at the fight before
Richmond – and I wish we were in
his Brigade now – But we shall have
some good times if we go back to
Washington for the winter and I don’t
think that we shall stay here long
for it is about 5 miles from the bridge,
and it is too far to go from here   2 [-]
go down every day – and we shall go
down tomorrow - - I suppose parson
Miller will have some large stories to
tell about the war   he has been of
great service to his country so far
and hope he may be spared to do still
more.        I have been washing
my clothes this morning and it is
pretty hard work,  I find to get them
clean, - I got a pair of stocking of
Aaron so that I am provided for at
present but when you send the box
you may send me 2 pair of those
wollen ones and I wish you would
sew a piece of cloth in the inside on
the heels and toes for they wear
right through we have to walk
so much  also send me a strong

[This letter continues in the margin on page one.]
pair of suspenders – I shouldn’t
want any more shirts for
some time – these go real
nicely. – I don’t believe you
received one of my letters for
I told you that Aaron’s box
had arrived all right and
in your last you inquire about
it – did Geo get my letter
to him –
        There is no more
news to tell you   I write
so often that you
get all the news as
fast as there is any
and more too –
        15 Rebel prisoners passed
our camp yesterday.  I must
stop now   shall expect
an answer soon
                 Your   Jim
Tell Father to write again when he gets time)

James Howard, 15th Connecticut

[transcript by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 12668