Tuesday, January 31, 2012

1862 January 31 Beaver County, Pa.

[from the diary of Charles Hay on leave from the 23rd Ohio]

                                       Beaver Co. Pennsylvania, Jan. 31st., 62
     I got on board the cars yesterday morning at
6 o’clock at Holmesville, Ohio, and fully expected
to be in Wheeling, Va., in 12 hours thereafter, and in
all probability would have been, had it not been
that on my arrival at Wellsville, Ohio, I suddenly
changed my notion, at the same time changing my
course of travel, going from Wheeling, instead of towards
it.  About the time I expected in the morning
to be in Wheeling, I found myself at my uncle’s
some five miles west of New Brighton, after a railroad
ride of 138 miles, and a hard walk of 8 more.
Having never been here before, the family were total
strangers to me, and I was obliged to introduce
myself.  I found them all well and hearty. ~~ I went
to a spelling about a mile off last night, and saw
some specimens of Pennsylvanians, & their conduct, which I
hope will not admit of a general application.
The country here is quite rough and broken, but if I
mistake not, it is a healthy locality. ~~ The weather
is just cold enough today to be pleasant, and the bit of
snow which fell a night or so ago, is fast disappearing
beneath the mild rays of the sun.

[transcription by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 13925

1862 January 31 [Staunton, Va.]

[from the diary of Joseph A. Waddell, civilian clerk, Quartermaster's Dept., Staunton, Va.]

Friday night, Jan. 31, 1862.
When I left Alick’s this evening, at supper
time little Mary was sitting up, feeding her-
self with a spoon! It was delightful to see the
little thing with a placid countenance and free
from suffering. She appeared to get better yesterday
morning or the previous night, although she may
not now be out of danger. Cloths soaked in
hot water were applied to her throat & chest du-
ring the night and on yesterday, and to-day they
discovered that she was severely blistered. There was
also a discharge from her ear, which had prob-
ably contributed to her relief. Addy is thought to
be doing well – very bad and unmanageable –
He would be a very interesting child if he were not
so impracticable. Kitty is laid up with sore [-],
but not much sick, apparently. She imprudently
sat in her room with a window hoisted, day before
yesterday, when the weather was mild and the sun
shining. During the whole of January, with the
exception of that day only, I believe, we have had
rain, sleet, snow or at least clouds. The bad weath
-er, and consequently impassable roads, has prob-
ally prevented the long anticipated advance of the
enemy at the various points of invasion. There
was a rumor both yesterday and the day before,
that the Federalists had received a great overthrow at
Bowling Green, Ky. It came from Washington to
Norfolk. No confirmation of it. We have at last
something authentic from the Burnside expedition.
Gen. Burnside has reported to Washington that
thirty or forty of his vessels are missing, and he
fears they are lost, as several of them certainly are
The remainder, a large fleet, were on the coast of
North Carolina. I have finished the reports of our
office, for the last quarter, and have some expec-
tation of going to Richmond with them next week.

[transcription by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 38-258

1862 January 31 [Williamsburg, Va.]

[from the diary of Daniel D. Logan, younger brother of General Thomas M. Logan and Sgt., Co. B, 1st Special Battalion (Rightor's) Louisiana Infantry]

Friday – January 31st. 1862
Rain most of the day – Battalion drill
& no parade – spent most of the day
in doors – reading – Wrote a long letter
to Sister Anna in answer to her most
remarkable letter rec’d last night – also
wrote to Sister Sallie by Mr Ross
who leaves tomorrow morning for N.O. –
acknowledging receipt of Box & also sent
by Mr Ross my Journal for 1861 & sent a
few relics, for Isabel, Sallie, Miss Neely [?] & Miss
Mary – Johnson & McVicker got their dis-
-charge today – according to our monthly report
the Company is today returned to 73 men.
Rain again tonight – I am thoroughly sick
of this inaction & more anxious each day to go
to some field of action – via N.O. I regret that
I did not write my journal over in a more
legible shape.

[transcription by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 6154

1862 January 31 Centreville, Va.

Hd. Qrs. Outpost
Centreville Jan. 31, 1862
My Dear Father –
Since coming
down on picket I have learn-
ed that a Captn. of Our regt.
is raising a company of
Independent Cavalry, and that
he is authorized to do so by
the War Department. A number
of good men have been to
me, and requested me to get
up such a Company, should
the Art. scheme fail, and I
would be glad if you would
procure for me authority
to do so in that Event.
I prefer it next to the Light
Battery and I think it my
prospect for success would be
good. I hope you will be
able to procure for me

[page 2]
the necessary [word lined out] author-
Every thing is quiet out
here. The enemy are many
miles off. We are well
protected, and the present
tour will probably pass
off well.
Affectionately Your Son
Jno. W. Daniel

John Warwick Daniel, 1842-1910, known as the "lame lion of Lynchburg" was severely wounded in the Battle of the Wilderness, studied law at the University of Virginia and was later a U.S. Senator and noted orator.

[transcription by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 158

1862 January 31

[From the diary of James Dinsmore Templeton, musician and private in the 23rd Ohio, currently home on furlough]

Called this morning at
Harwoods then went to
Atons[?] took dinner
Went this evening to
Town and to S[?]
Came home about


MSS 10317

1862 January 31

[from the diary of Jesse Calvin Spaulding, Co. F, 25th Massachusetts, currently on assignment to the Commissary Dept., on the steamer "Admiral"]

Slept with Phineas last night and
staid here today. Got a very long and
good letter from Mary and three from home
one of them containing one from Sam Smith
we weighed anchor and went up to the Eagle
where the rest of the regiment is, Saw Ed
Brown and paid him the two dollars I borrowed
of him. It is so rough I shall not go back tonight.

MSS 11293

1862 January 31

Camp Walker
Jany 31st 1862
My own dear Wife
I received your very sweet letter
to day and am disposed if not interup-
ted to send you a long one in reply. Not
having received my letter giving my opinion
about your going to see Julia married I find
you are still in doubt as to your purpose
and very significantly ask if you ought
to go to a weding [sic]. My only apprehension
is in regard to your health. You have
recently suffered so much from those
misterious [sic] pains that I am really affr-
aid for you to take your usual exercise
If you feel no apprehension on this
account I hesitate not to say that my
Queen of Beauty will at any & all
times grace any gay assemblage
and I will be glad to hear of your
going & then hear from you a full
account of the affair. So you will still
have to use your own discretion in re-
gard to going. if you go you must wear
your prettiest clothes & your pretiest [sic]
looks. Oh could I only be your escort what
would I not give. You speak in all of your
letters as though somehow or other you still
expected me either to say I was coming
to see you or that you should come to vis
sat [sic] me my own darling Jennie disabuse
your mind of such a hope for the present
at any rate. I will indeed be satisfied
if I am yet off in March without tendering

[page 2]
my resignation. knowing as I do how much
you desire my presence there I am willing
to sacrifice all other pleasure to gratify
your wishes in this respect. I confess
myself to tha be guilty of the weakness of
wanting to see [you] just as much as I did before
Xmas. I sometimes am almost tempted to
wish that we loved each other less. that
your beauty of person & character was less
captivating so that I might rest better
satisfied far away from you as I am
Sick as I was while with you, still I look
back with wonderful pleasure to the mo-
ments I spent with you and of deep re-
gret that the time was so very short. Oh
my precious darling why do I love you so
madly You say you are not pretty and
yet to me every line in your face is one of
beauty. Every feature as perfect as if it was
the workmanship of the skillful chisel of a
perfect artist and all together they form
a face of surpassing loveliness, and then
what a figure. Every limb of the most
perfect shape and beautifully tapering to
their extremity. But best of all where is the
woman who possesses a heart so warm
so pure, so full of high & noble impulses
And then when I think of your warm and
devoted love for me, so unworthy of it, and
of your unprecedented generosity which cau-
ses you to forgive & forget all of the faults
of your husband, which are so many. who
I say could not, would not love such
a wife with all the devotion of blind-

[page 3]
ness of a warm southern heart. I confess
it my darling that I do thus love you. that
I am utterly blind to any imperfections which
may exist in either mind person or heart
and while I was with you was perfectly
happy in my love and am just as unhap-
pey in my seperation [sic] from you. But
enough of love – it only makes me heart sick
to write it. And while I love to write
it I am the more unhappy after it is
writen [sic]. But my darling you like to get
such letters and this is another tempt
ation and I will promise you that for
every good long sweet love letter you send
me – I dont mean one complaining of my
absence, but one pouring out the inmost
secrets of your dear heart and telling
with perfect abandon all of its emotions
& throbings [sic] with the full confidence that
whatever you may say will find a resp-
onse from me – I will send you one
three times as long and just as honest
in the story it may tell. I am so glad
to hear that our dear little children
are again well. they have so far got
over the meazles [sic] a good dele [sic] better than
I expected. They are our jewels and I
constantly find myself looking forward in
the uncertain future and indulging the
hope that I may yet be able, in a time
of profound peace & prosperity, to take them
& you to a home of our own and there
far from all the exciting scenes of “busy
life” be happy in making you all so.

[page 4]
We are moving on in camp with our usual
sameness and monotony. Each day is but a
type of another. our cabin is a perfect curious
ity. Imagine a concern built of unhewn pine
logs with divided in two parts by a partition
of the same, with six light windows, a door
frame covered with canvas, chimneys made
partly of stone partly of sticks & mud & a plank
roof and the cracks between the logs daubed
with red mud and you have some idea of
the out side appearance of our abode. Inside
you will first observe the with a feeling
of utter discomfort an uneven slanting dirt
floor. To the left of the fireplace and about
two feet high I have constructed a trunk rack
out of tent poles on which repose mine and
the Majors trunks. under this rack is Billys pile
of wood. the door is in the right front corner
of the next side. the window is half way be-
tween the corner & the door. on one side of the
window hangs the Majors torch, on the other hangs
the mine. above it is our candle box & under it is
a fancy wash stand made by driving a four
pronged dogwood in the ground prongs up which
being cut off even supports the top of a cheese box
On the next side & behind the door as it opens I
have fixed wooden hooks on which hangs my
saddle bridle &c next sits my cot & above it
hangs our overcoats. On the fourth side sits
the Majors cot & above it hangs two or three articles
of his clothing & a few old straps. between his
cot & the fire sits my camp table on which
I am writing above the fire place hangs
my little looking glass and by it a beef tongue

[page 5]
to the right of the fire & high up, supported by
two large nails is [the] Majors sword, belt & spurs.
In the same position on the other side and
similarly supported is my own sword, spurs Hol-
sters & haversack. the remaining furniture of the
room consists of a broom in one corner, a stool
of my own make, a chair without a back & a camp
stool the only one I have left. Such is a per-
fect picture of my present abode outside
is mud – mud all the time. Write me my own
darling a long loving letter, in which the heart
shall speak & the pen only write
Your fond & devoted lover husband

All three references were to Samuel T. Walker, Major, 10th VA Infantry

"Torch on page 4 line 21. This is not the object most would envisage today. Walker's Critical Pronouncing Dictionary (Boston, MA: C. D. Strong and B. B. Mussey, 1839) defines torch as "a wax-light bigger than a candle."

[transcription and annotations by John P. Mann, IV]

MSS 7786-g

Monday, January 30, 2012

1862 January 30

[from the diary of James Dinsmore Templeton, musician and private in the 23rd Ohio, currently on furlough]

January 30
This morning Jennie & I
started to Savan[nah]
broke down on the way
fortunetely met Mr Camp
bell with whom Jennie
came back. I went to
Town and had the necessary
repairs made Called this
time at Olins & Scotts
arived home in the
afternoon. Took Jennie
to Wm Campbells. had
pleasant visit With
Jennie & Mrs Campbell
came home after midnight

MSS 10317

1862 January 30

[from the diary of Jesse Calvin Spaulding, Co. F, 25th Massachusetts, currently on assignment to the Commissary Dept. on the steamer "Admiral"]

This forenoon we tried to get
off the bank but it was no go.
she would not start, but this afternoon
the wind changed and blew strong so we
blew off and went over safely all night
and anchored close to the ferry boat Cur-
lew, on which is part of my regiment.
Some of the boys came over with a boat
to have me go over with them so I went and
am going to stay over night. Had a good
chat with George Lowe and Phineas Phelps

MSS 11293

1862 January 30 Centreville, Va.

Centreville Va 30th Jany 1862
My dear Little Nannie:
I had just concluded a short letter
to you & was in the act of enclosing the left hand halves
of Clark’s 18 of of Bank Notes when I heard his very unex-
-pected familiar loud voice at “the cabin doors” – So I
destroyed that letter handed him the half notes – told him
that I had sent you the right hand halves and now
while he & Goodwin lie together on the floor before and
Brown on his plank bed behind me I have to write anew
and tell you what follows-
The weather has been unendurable for now
nearly three weeks but as soon as I can I will
try to see Capt Cummings four or five miles from here
& ascertain what you can do for him – If you should
send the package for Capt Goodwin I will contrive
it too him at his camp on Bull Run –
Clark says he had a gay time at Richmond
& is delighted with his new appointment & prospects
in Arkansas – He will leave here tomorrow for Richd
to go to Church with somebody on Sunday & says that

[page 2]
he will be at home on Monday evening next to
leave for the West by the Tuesday evening’s train – He
asks that his trunk be packed & in readiness – He
says that my letter with instructions to him at Rich?
secured his appointment with McCullough – While I
do not think so I am not unwilling that he
should give me the credit &c – he is in doubt as
to what he shall do with Callahill – first he says
that I must keep him – then he says that he will
take him along & then says he will leave him at
home – I decline to keep him because I can do very
well without him for my remaining twelve weeks of
time & in addition to that he would be of more service
to your Father –
It is now pretty certain that Genl Beau-
-regard will go to Columbus Ky & Goodwin says that
the Washington Artillery have applied to go with
him but don’t expect permission to do so –
Grey Latham is not in camp to night
nor has he been for two days – How the public
interests suffer by this Company is almost in-
-credible – It’s a sin & a burning shame!!

[page 3]
I can think of nothing more just now – Remember
me very kindly to all at home especially “The
Cap’n” and I will continue to be
Very devotedly
Your Own

[Lincoln Clark Leftwich leaves to serve as Chief of Artillery for Van Dorn. –Robert H. Moore’s Richmond Fayette, Hampdon, Thomas, and Blount’s Lynchburg Artillery. page160.]

[transcription and annotation by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 6682

1862 January 30

[from the diary of Daniel D. Logan, younger brother of General Thomas M. Logan and Sgt., Co. B, 1st Special Battalion (Rightor's) Louisiana Infantry]

Thursday – January 30th 1862
Spent all day in the Den - on a/c
of the rain – No drills or parade –
Mr Ross is still with us I beat
Harry today 3 out of the’ 5 games chess &
we played one game in a new tour-
-nament of 5 games –
Read a long letter from Sister Anna
today & some papers from Mr. John
[-] – Willie Huger left for
New Orleans today – I have little
hopes of obtaining my furlough
now, though Huger is going to try
& get it for me. Gave Phelps $50
today for his Dftn[?] Faries.
Returned tonight at hl [half] past
ten o’clock

[transcription by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 6154

Sunday, January 29, 2012

1862 January 29 Holmesville, Ohio

[from the diary of Charles Hay, on leave from the 23rd Ohio]

                                       Holmesville, O., January 29th, 1862.
Left home this evening, and shall take the cars in
the morning at this place for Western Virginia, via.
Orrville, Alliance, & Wellsville.  Attended the Disciple
church during the evening.  It is difficult for us
to determine when I shall again have the pleasure
of communings and associating with friends, and
enjoying the comforts and pleasures which home &
the association of friends will bring.  But I shall
not repine at my lot, however hard it may be; for
I know it is not the worst that has been
endured.  “There is no place like home,” I know,
but I am willing to forsake home & friends when
our country is endangered by foe without or within,
if, by so doing, I can assist her in her peril,
and to establish her on that firm basis “The
Constitution as our Fathers made it.”  What they fought
for and labored to establish, their children should with
the same courage, ardor and unanimity try to protect.
Our Country is the best the world has ever seen, and
Our Constitution has been denominated “a grand chart of
human freedom;”  for these our fathers “fought, bled & died,”
and have left them an inheritance to us to

preserve, protect, and improve, and we shall strive
zealously with “might and main” to defend them from
foes without or traitors within, so that, when through
the “fiery ordeal,” they may be brighter than before.
     Should we fail, should we allow our country to fall,
and be swallowed up in the vortex of disunion and
treason, it will be a burlesque on a Republican
form of Government, and an everlasting shame to the
American people. ~~  I’m off for Western Virginia
tomorrow morning, if I have no ill luck, but I must
say, that, during my short stay amongst my friends,
and acquaintances, that I have enjoyed myself hugely,
and for the kindness and friendly feeling manifested
by my friends, I am under everlasting obligations, and
the “good times” I have had will be classed with
my pleasant remembrance, and the thought of these
will tend to make my task easy, and my burden light.
For the cordiality and unvarying kindness of the
people at large, they have the sincere & heartfelt
thanks of     Your unworthy Servant,
                                         Chas. Hay

[transcript by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 13925

1862 Jan 29th Winchester, Va.

Winchester, Jan 29th  62
Dear Alfred,
                   I have with
great interest rad in the
Dispatch  and other papers-
both religious and secular-
of the recent efforts of the
S.S. & Colportage Board in
supporting colporters among
the soldiers of our army;
And as I have read of the
results of their labors--how
sinners have been awakened
and souls converted to
Christ I have longed to
have in our division of
the army some of at

[page 2]
at least one earnest, faithful
man, to look up and en=
courage profess[i]ons of re=
ligion, and to excite an in=
terest among that fast ma=
jority, who are "without
God in the world."
Although I know that the
fifty colporters, who I see
by your late circular are
in your employ, are all
judicially distributed thro
the various divisions of
the army, still, I wish
to call your attention to
the division commanded
by Maj. Gen. Jackson, wh
has no colporter, very few

[page 3]
chaplains, and invites affords
an inviting field for mis=
sionary laabor.  In this
division are,
a1st the "Stone wall Brigade", a
body of some 5000 men-- the
flower of Va. troops. They were
in the hottest of the Battle of
Manassas Plains.  In a denom
inational point of view, we
should be represented among
them, as they are from that
strong-hold of Hero-ism--the Valley
of Va.
2nd Col. Anderson's Brigade--3
Tennessee Regiments--fully 3000
3d Col. Talliaferro's Brigade 2 Va
1 Ga & 1 Arkansas Regts--the
hero's of Laurel Hill, say 2000 men.
4th Our Brigade--4 Va Regts

[page 4]
about 3000 men.
5th Dol. Ashby's Cavalry, of
which we've all heard so
much.  500 or 600 men.
6th Six or eight companies
of artillery--1000 men.
Now here is an army of
over fifteen thousand
men, with not more
than three or four among
them, to point out the way
of life.  these soldiers
have just been ordered
to go into  winter quarters
and an efficient col=
porter could do a vast
amount of good among
them.  the sick, as we
know, are very capable

[page 5]
of receiving religious im=
pressions, and if in no other
portion of the army, there
should be a colporter at
the hospitals. Winchester is
now full of sick soldiers.
Every church, public building
and private house is a hos=
pital, and sick soldiers oc=
cupy every house between
here and Romney.  Who can
tell the good wh might
be accomplished among them.
You must excuse the
liberty I take in wri-

[page 6]
ting to you so freely on the
subject. Were it anyone
else, i would not be so offi=
cious. Still, I know that at
least the subjects of my
letter is one of interest to you.
If you can find time to write
I wd like much to hear from
you.  Write me Luther's adress,
& write to him to write to me.
I expect to leave in a few
days for Romney. direct
to me at Winchester.
Believe me to be as efver
Yr. Friend & Bro: in X

Charles Elisha Taylor, 1842-1915, later a Baptist minister, college professor and President of Wake Forest college.

MSS 3091

1862 January 29

[from the diary of Jesse Calvin Spaulding, Co. F, 25th Massachusetts, currently assigned to the Commissary Dept., on the steamer "Admiral"]

January 29
Woke up this morning about four
having lain on the table last
night. We started about four to get over the
bar and succeeded in doing so but
ran on a sand bank afterwards, where
we now remain. The Spaulding went over
to-day. I staid in the pilot house seeing
them try to get the puzzle I gave them
but they could not do it even after I had
done it two or three times. It has been
a splendid day. The gunboats have been
practising firing this afternoon. I have had
a very good day.

MSS 11293

1862 January 29

[from the diary of James Dinsmore Templeton, musician and private, currently on furlough from the 23rd Ohio]

Was at home to day
Father went to Ashland
went with him Telegram for
Bates. Aff Chichester and
Sister Hetty also Jeny Langar
at our house to day. had
turky for dinner.
Jennie staying all night
Campbells did not
come as per agreement
rained most of the day
some snow, snow went
of last night

MSS 10317

1862 January 29 Winchester, Va.

Winchester Jany 29-62
My Darling Wife –
I am happy to say that
I suffered no pain last night and
feel this morning as if I should be
well in a day or so. Yesterday even
ing the frequent operations on my
bowels made me uncomfortable
but this I am satisfied was the
effect of the medicine which
I have been taking. I have
no fear now of a recurrence of
the chill, and see no cause to
apprehend a confinement of
more than two days longer –
I will not write again until
Sunday unless I get worse
Good bye Dearest
Ever Yours
E F Paxton

Elisha F. "Bull" Paxton, University of Virginia alumnus, commanded the 27th Virginia Infantry and later the 1st "Stonewall" Brigade at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville.

[The above letter is not included in Civil War Letters of Frank “Bull” Paxton.]

[transcription by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 158

1862 January 29 Centreville, Va.

Centreville Jan. 29th 1862.
My Dear Father,
Your letter
enclosing the recently is-
sued order of the War
Department in relation
to reenlistments was receiv-
ed this evening, and I
find, as anticipated no-
thing in the circular
at all contrary to the
plan by which I propose
to raise a company. I
am therefore still if pressed
by influential friends
the Company offered
in my yesterday’s letter to
you, will yet be accep-
ted to serve in the Ca-

[page 2]
pacity desired. The account
of the recent interview
between Assistant Secretary
[Albert T.] Bledsoe & yourself encourages me
in the belief. If the
Militia are to be ordered
out and officers authorized
to raise Companies of
Artillery from that class
of soldiers, why should
not they be commissioned
to form them from troops
now in the field? It
appears to me but just
that Volunteers who have
undergone the hardships
of a years Campaign
should be at least invol-
ved to select their corps
(If possible) for future
service, and as the Artil-

(page 3)
lery is the most desirable
arm, they should have
preference in being as-
signed to it, rather than
the Militia who are constrain-
ed by force alone to
enter the field. Allow-
ing recruits to fill up
the choice places of
the army, to the exclu-
sion of Veterans whose
patriotism & Courage have
been tested is an unjust
discrimination which
I cannot believe will
be countenanced.
Should it however prove
impracticable for me
to muster the Company
which now have into ser-
vice, and it is decided

[page 4]
to bring out the Militia
force, I think it would be
well to apply for the
necessary detail to raise
a Light Artillery Company
at home, or that being
unadvisable to raise a
Company of Zouaves from
the Infantry arm in service.
My preference rather
inclines to the latter plan.
I see in yesterdays
Republican that Congress
has passed an act instruct-
ting the President to au-
thorize Officers to raise Com-
panies, and battalions, and
this is quite favorable
to my design.
You are accessi-
ble to the department

[page 5]
Department, and I doubt not
will be able to obtain re-
liable, and complete infor-
mation on the subject.
Tomorrow morning the
wing of the battalion in
which our Company is
goes on picket, and will
return on Monday mor-
ning next. At that time
I hope to find a letter
at Camp from you, awaiting me,
with full information
and advice. I hope howev-
er that you will not
permit yourself to be in-
convenience by in at-
tempting to learn the
present status of affairs
and will only do so
when at leisure.

[page 6]
The “Army of the Potomac”
is still “resting on its oars”
and like Mr. Micawber
only waiting for some thing
“to turn up”, at which
time it expects to do
something brilliant. The
troops do nothing now
but live, lay about camp
and go on picket, and
one day is but the counter-
part of another.
I continue to enjoy
fine health, and all of
your acquaintances in
this part of the Army I
believe are well.
Stuart Cabell speaks of
you frequently and is
himself as hearty as

[page 7]
Abram remains at Leesburg
with his troop; and at
last accounts was well.
With much love
I remain
Most affectionately,
Your Son,

Jno. W.Daniel

John Warwick Daniel, 1842-1910, University of Virginia law school, noted orator, and U.S. Senator

[transcription by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 158

1862 January 29 [Williamsburg, Va.]

[from the diary of Daniel D. Logan, younger brother of General Thomas M. Logan and Sgt., Co. b, 1st Special Batallion (Rightor's) Louisiana Infantry]

Wednesday – Jany 29/62
Spent this morning in
superintending the Company clean
up Company quarters & in
making benches & fixing up
the Den. None but Battalion
Drill today -
Mr Jas Ross arrived today
from New Orleans – Willie
returned with his but not
my furlough - he leaves for
N.O. tomorrow, I wrote to Mr
Memminger tonight by him to try
& get my furlough from the War
department – Sent him my
letter of introduction – Wrote to
[-] by Willie – Returned
at 11 o’c tonight – Willie & Fry got
tight tonight – bidding farewell to Huger – they
wake me up at 12 o’c to go & take Eggnog – I would
not leave my bed

[Huger=2nd Lt. William E. Huger, Co. B, 1st La. Bn.]

[transcription by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards, annotation by Robert K. Krick]

MSS 6154

1862 January 29 Fredericksburg, Va.

[the first part of this letter is missing]

On his way to Manassas after having taken leave of
all the officers he was followed by his old body guard
each man with his sabre drawn as a mark of respect. It
was a very imposing scene. His old guard give him up very
reluctantly. Our regiment the Bloody 17th as it is called
will be well represented with the Gen. in Kentucky. Four
from our company Capt. Smith and the Major of our regiment
(Brent) who has been ordered to his staff.

Our pickett was a very disagreeable one as it was
raining and sleeting nearly the entire time we were out.
The rain would freeze on our clothes as it fell.

If you will ride down to cousin Elizabeth Richardson's
tomorrow evening you will see a copy of the re-enlisting
act passed by the Confederate Congress which Willie will
send up this evening. I suppose Walter will re-enlist in
Cavalry again. I want to gent in a company with him next
time. I reckon though horses are very scarce in Warren and
high in proportion to their scarcity. I wrote to Walter the
other day by Harry Cline, have you heard from him lately.
I spent my birthday the twenty-eighth on Picket. It will be
long remembered by me. did you employ much force this year.
It does not look exactly right for me to be giving you
advice as you are several years my senior but I have better
opportunities for judging down here. I think the best thing
you could do would be to go into the stock raising. Prin-
cipally horses of good work stock and sheep. Horses are
going to be in great demand in the Spring and will be
enormously high. The Government will need a great number
of horses in the opening of the Spring and they must have
them, because the next will be a spirited campaign. You can
find hundreds of dead horses lying just around Centerville
by the time this War is closed. No good hourses can be found
in the country. Let me know when you write what you think
about it. If I was not enlisted and owned the Gardner or
(Barber) farm, with things in the present state I am sure I
could do something for myself and family in this business
with your assistance.

How has cousin Mount been getting along. I must close,
love to all at our house. Write soon
Ever your affec. son

P.S. I am very glad to hear Almond is getting better. Let
me know how he is when you write. Love to cousin Thomas and
the Bel Air family. Tell Jack I will send his bayonet soon.

Major George W. Brent

[Richard Bayly Buck, 1844-1888, was a member of the Warren Rifles, Co. B of the 17th Virginia. His letters were transcribed and typed by his son George G. Buck at an unknown date. Location of originals unknown]
MSS 3064

Saturday, January 28, 2012

1862 January 28 [Staunton, Va.]

[from the diary of Joseph A. Waddell, civilian clerk in the Quartermaster Dept., Staunton, Va.]

Tuesday night, Jan. 28, 1862.
Poor little Mary very ill. She breathes with
great difficulty, and I [ ‘should’ lined out] shall not be sur-
prised to hear of her death during the night. Va
is there again, although sitting up at night effects
her eyes very severely. No war news to-day.

[transcription by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 38-258

1862 January 28 [Williamsburg, Va.]

[from the diary of Daniel D. Logan, younger brother of General Thomas M. Logan and a Sgt., Co. B, 1st Special Battalion (RIghtor's) Louisiana Infantry

Tuesday – Jan’y 28/62
Spend this day in Camp –
Co & Battalion Drills – Wrote
a long letter to Mrs Roy tonight
& Enclosed Fathers letter rec’d
yesterday – Walked out from
Wmsburg this morning with
the mail, before breakfast.
Willie went to Yorktown
today to see abt our furloughs

[transcribed by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 6154

1862 January 28

[from the diary of Jesse Calvin Spaulding, Private, later Sergeant, Co. F, 25th Massachusetts, currently assigned to the Commissary Dept. on the steamer "Admiral"

January 28
Cloudy this forenoon and most
of the afternoon but cleared off
just before sundown nicely. This forenoon
I staid in the pilot house most of the
time giving them puzzles and talking.
This afternoon the unloaded the vessel
and started her over the bar with a
tug on each side but had to stop on
acct of the S.R. Spaulding being in the
way. They say they are going to start again
at four o'clock to-morrow morning. I
went over to the New York this morning
and saw the commisary, who says he
shall stay there till further orders. Have
felt well to-day. there are reports flying
that Manassas is in possession of our forces
but I think it is not true, though I hope
it may be, for I wish to see the war
brought to a close as soon as possible.

MSS 11293

1862 January 28

[from the diary of James Dinsmore Templeton, musician and private in the 23rd Ohio, currently on furlough]

January 28
Came home from Hannas
this forenoon. Called short
time Scotts and on
my way home a short
time at Jane Andrews
Funeral of Dany Creps
this afternoon who
died yesterday from
scald got on Sunday
rained hard last
night also some to
day. waters high

MSS 10317

1862 January 28

[written on patriotic stationery showing Columbia with sword and flag]

Dear Wife

Although not in
perfect healt yet with
emotions such as no one can
know or feel exeped those who,
have near and dear friends at a
distance, I pen to you a few words
hoping when it reches you, you
may enjoye as good health as your
infermetis admits of, I hoping
sone to go through the firest
ordals ever cam to mans lot and
come out counqueror agin to
reduioyn oure fortuns once more
i am very glad to hear your health
is sloly yet stedy improving it
is a comfort to me as wel as it
is a Blessing to you thank God

[page 2]
you can not imagine how poor
Solders feel on the tented fields
espashely sush times as we have now
think stepping out in a bed of
Moarter foot & half deep and cursed
Rabels Before you time passing
on day by day, and not be able
to move on to end sport for
them, Angshious frinds awating
oure return evrything is dispiriting
on evry side, But thanks be to the
Father Almarcyfull for the Courege
inspired in oure men for thire
Country and frinds, this and only
this enables us to hold out aginst
al hardships and triles, dear woman
i have made al possible prapartion
for the future as you will se in bibbys
letter, As for the Payments to Jack
Garnet you have to exersise your
own judegment it will depend
a good deal on future operations
and if i was at home i could tell

[page 3]
batter with my own and the boyses
labour we could ecomplish somthing
in tow 2 or 3 years but let it go for the
pracent, Lydia i am proude
of libbby Staying at home like a
mother doing al she can for you
Shurly the Lord has blassed me--
also i her of Roberts manly Acts
it does me good realy, of Henry i do not
her so much but i spose he has turned
to be as good a boy as anny one could
wish for, George i spose keeps you
warm at night, dont he?

The books that i talked or
subcribd to of Mr Patridge are thre good
books, but unless the are bound in
calfskin you nead not take them
unles you ar a mind to do so, the
are good books of an instruction for
the boys, and if you think you can
spare the Monny, and the Boys wants
to git them, but on the whole doe
as you think best youre judgement
is better now at home then mine

[page 4]
Dear Woman i must now take
leav of you on paper for this time
May God be your Cansoler and his
blessing be with you through life
Your Affectionate Husband
till Death
Francis A Englehart

P/S. i should have wrote to
to Henry and George but as you
see i have alrady written a good
deal, i am glad always to hear
that the boys are making progress
in larning espashely George in
Arathmetick go on george
Henry let me know how you
prosper this Winter can you hold
you row among the rast around
the Rapids, Is Crazy Joe Root there
yit with his Marshel Band
goodnight the Havy Cannons
down the Potomac is a roaring
just now so that farly makes the ground
tramble like a continuouel
earthquake. Dispatshes is comng
in in haste i must close
Yours Francis A Englehart

Francis A. Englehart, private, later sergeant, in Co. H., 16th New York Infantry.

[This letter was collected by the late Atcheson Hench, professor of English at the University of Virginia who was interested in how the phonetic spelling of soldiers was a clue to the sound of the spoken language and regional dialects]

MSS 8474-u

1862 January 28

Dear Betsey

After receiving your last let=
ter informing me of Felicies misfortune I
thought I would write to her instead of to
you, I received her last letter a day or
two ago & was much grieved to hear of
her situation, I had felt some uneasi
ness about her, from what you said
about her in your letter to Fran. I hope
she is in no danger, but I feel very
anxious to hear from her again. I hope
you will write & let us know the result
of the examination, if it is was necessary
to have one, which I hope she has found
not necessary to go through. Poor thing! I
think a great deal about her, & sympa
thize most deeply, for she has been indeed
a child of affliction. I was in Lynchburg
a few days ago when I received F's
letter, I had made quite an effort &
gone in to see Sally & pass a night
with her. she is on a short visit to her fa
=ther, who has had another attack of
paralysis, leaving him in a perfect state
of helplessness, he is completely prostrate

[page 2]
They feed him like an infant & turn him
in bed whenever he wants to do so, & yet
they say he may live on for years. what
a misfortune. he says he wants to die
& I think it would it would be a bles
-sing if it could be so, but Providence orders
all things. Sally is looking very well she
had Katy with her, sucking her thumb all
the time. she left Al[?] with Mr Nelson
who is staying at home this winter, but ex
pects to go to camp in the spring. John & Charles
are still on the Alleghanies, poor fellows,
but are under marching orders, they are very
well, we hear from Tom very often, he is
cook for his mess, he writes to his friend
Mr Ogden very often who is still with us
we all like him very much, he dont
seem to have any idea of leaving, tho his
health seems to be restored, but he will
go whenever there is a prospect of a fight.
Tom will telegraph him, he is a very in
teligent gentleman & pleasant & agreeable
he plays chess a great deal with Bet
& is very fond of it, he has been accustom
=ed to every comfort that wealth can be
stow, & we all think it is right strange
that he should be so well satisfied

[page 3]
with our poor doings, but he seems to
be perfectly happy & contented, & is always
delighted at having bad weather, giving
him an excuse for not going back, he is
very tired of camp life, but is ready for
a fight when the yankees come on. tom
says in a letter to Fan that he had
gotten a letter from Jim say8ing that
his company would disband in may & that
he wanted to join to join his company we were
very glad to hear that & hope that he
will, & in the end hope to have with
us once more. I was caught in Lynchburg
& detained there a day & night longer than
I intended by snow, rain & hail, & when I
came back I never had such a ride in
my life on horseback of course, we have had
any quantity of rain but no snow deep enough
to put up, I am afraid we cant get ice
the weather being very mild. I saw a good
many of our friends, aunt ann, Lucy Z Kate
&c they came to gen R's. all are very well
none of the girls are at home but Kate.
Lucy is in Richmond, will stay until after
the inauguration. Mag is at Johns teaching
his children. I suppose you have heard of
the death of Uncle John Freelands son

[page 4]
William, Kate says they deeply afflicted
he was his favourite child, he says it is
a blow that he cant get over but will
go with him to his grave. aunt Grace too
is in the depths of grief, more so now a
great deal than at first, Gavin died
suddenly in convulsions, some think from the
effects of drinking....Fan says she will
write to you in a few days, Molly says you
must answer her letter. Tell Felicie I
will write to her before long. I hope
she has gotten quite well by this time
Tell her she must write to me & let
me know how she is. Tell Louise she
ought to have a spanking for treating
poor Leslie so badly, after having gone
so far to see her aunt ann says she
saw him soon after he came back & she
asked him if he saw her & he said he
saw her only twice. Sally Cabel (Mrs
Laidly) is dead. we hear of nothing but
deahts now a days. Good bye my
best love to all & be sure and
write very soon.
your affect sister
L C Steptoe

MSS 6515

MSS 6515

1862 January 28 Richmond, Va.

Richmond, Jan 28th 1862

My Dear Phil

I was pained to see
in the paper the other day: the death
of your little girl; the news was so
sudden and unexpected that I hardly
know how to express my feelings
of sympathy with you and Miss
Pink at such a loss; consolation I
know must come to you from a higher
source and holier place than any we
can find on this earth. It must be
a strange feeling Phil, and yet not
without its sweetness, to know you
have a child in heaven, and to
feel sure that there you will find
the "little blossom" again, with a
youth and radiance more beautiful
and perfect than the earth could have

[page 2]
eve given, it always seemed to me
like God in taking away a little
child to himself, was only endeavoring
to lead the parents still more to him
too, and to keep them more con-
stantly in remembrance of the "house
with may mansions" he has ready for
them when the course is finished and
the keeping of the faith in the flesh
is ended. My Father and Mother
send their sincere regrets for the
affliction that saddens you both. Jennie
writes also, but I came off without her
letter this morning so I suppose it
will be mailed separately--I should
write more but my wrist continues so
painful that it is with great diffi
culty I can scribble the words--
Give my love to your wife and believe
me as ever Yours sincerely
A. Q. Holladay

Wednesday morning. I concluded to keep my
letter a mail in case Jennie's was not
mailed, and finding she had kept hers
for mine, I send them together.

The infant's name was Betty Blosson Cabell; her father Philip Barraud Cabell, 1836-1904, nephew of General Philip St. George Cocke and grandson of General John Harwell Cocke, was one of the few antebellum students at the University of Virginia to obtain a master's degree. After the war he was a professor at Urbana University in Ohio, and later a minister of a Swedenborgian church in Wilmington Delaware. His wife Julia Calvert Bolling Cabell known as "Pinkie" or "Miss Pink", had been a popular Virginia belle before her marriage the previous year.
MSS 38-111

1862 January 28 Winchester, Virginia

Winchester Jany 28-62
My Darling Wife
I have had no
chill since night before last
and do not think I shall have
another – This morning I eat
three biscuit and a cup of cof
fee for breakfast and I should
hardly know that I am sick
but for the fact that the
warmth & rest of the bed
is so refreshing. I shall lie
quiet until I am satisfied
there is no chance of a
recurrence of the chill
Should I not continue to
improve I will write again
to morrow – Goodbye Dearest
Ever Yours
E F Paxton

[The above letter is not included in Civil War Letter of Frank “Bull Paxton.]

[Transcription by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 2165

1862 [January]

[The following undated letter from William H. Locke to his wife also appears to have been written on or around the end of January and may have been enclosed with his letter of January 26]

Camp Jackson Fort Gaines [RD]
My Dear Wife
I sent by Lieut Roberts the
Beet & Radish seed for your Mother Rhodes
& Mrs Billings the balance for you – Mrs Billings
cost 10 c pr Paper you will therefore be
due her 80 Cents – I also send you a
pr Small Shoes which will probably
fit Ella and one of her old pr
will likely do for “Lulu” – I arrived
here [-] in two Hours after I left
Eufaula on the Steamer Jackson –
all well except Jack who is
suffering some from a bad Cough
and Cold - Your affectionate Husband

[transcription by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 13485

Friday, January 27, 2012

1862 January 27

[from the diary of Jesse Calvin Spaulding, Co. F, 25th Massachusetts, currently assigned to the Commissary Dept., on the steamer "Admiral"]

January 27
Another pleasant day. Staid in
the pilot-house most of the time
doing the puzzle I learned last night and
getting the pilot to do it. Nothing new today.

MSS 11293

1862 January 27 Camp Franklin near St Johns Semenary Alaxandria Va

Dear Father--I received your letters of the 18th & 27th three days ago & should
& should[sic] have answered them before but as we had to go on guard every
other day arround the Camp as the other companies but one had gone on Picket
Guard , & that other that staid in was Captain Browns he took this Companys
place so you can see that I had not much spare time to write but I have rece
ived your letter dated the 23d & in it you said that you had received the money
that I had allotted to you & that you had given Mother that Five dollars I have
been waiting to see wether you got it or not, I had almost Maid up my mind
not to send it that way again it took so long for you to get it but as you have got
it I shall continue to send it so again that young man that you said sent home
twenty six dollars by the name of Jackson is the verry same man that you
spoke to in Camp Preble he is not in the Company now but has got A place
over to the Brigade Quartermaster department as Sergeant of that depart-
ment but he comes to the company to get his regular meals he is what you would
call A nice young man you said in your letter of the 18th that you did not
see how it was that we did not have to drill the reason is this the mud
has been as much as A foot deep for the last week but the going is A
little better & for the first time for A week this afternoon we had A
battalion drill, I think it is kind of strange that I do not get any letters
from George yet I believe Captain Brown is going to resign which I am
sorry to say, you wanted to know whether we was on high or low ground
it is high but I can tell you that this camp Ground is A Muddy hole
when it rains there is nothing now that I can write so I will close
my letter by saying that I will try to answer some of your questions in
my next letter to you tell Frank Crawford that I received his letter & will
try & answer it this week I hope that you will continue in good health
& the rest of the Family give my love to all of Aunt Eliza and all of the
rest of them I am in good health, There is A Postman that goes in the
City every morning & if there is anything due on the Letter I have to pay him
& he pays it over to the Post Master in the Post Office so you see how it is that I
have to pay what is due on them From you affectionate Son Joseph Leavitt

Letters from Joseph Leavitt of the 5th Maine and his brother George of the 5th New York were copied into a ledger by their father John Leavitt in October 1865 "because they are of value to me and I was fearful that they might get mislaid." Both boys were mortally wounded in the war, George at Second Bull Run, August 30, 1862, and Joseph at Spotsylvania, May 18, 1864.

MSS 66

1862 January 27

[from the diary of James Dinsmore Templeton, musician and private, currently on furlough from the 23rd Ohio]

Went to Town this
forenoon with Will Sangar
Took dinner at Mrs Martins
with J. Wright--saw the
Went this afternoon to
Scotts. Aft[?] Chichester this
Aft[?]. Hanna and I went to
Mr. Connor[?] this evening
Staying all night
cloudy like snow

MSS 10317

1862 January 27 [Staunton, Va.]

[from the diary of Joseph A. Waddell, civilian clerk, Quartermaster Dept., Staunton, Va.]

Monday night, Jan. 27, 1862.
Little Mary is again very ill, with every proba-
bility that she will not survive. I cannot think
of her without experiencing very painful feel-
ings. But “doth God care for sparrows?” and
doth He not order whatever concerns this child?
H. W. Sheffey came up from Richmond yesterday,
and reported that nine vessels of the Burnside expe-
dition had been lost, and that the whole fleet was
probably destroyed by the fierce storm which pre-
vailed for several days last week. There is no con-
firmation, but rather a denial, to-day, of the report -
Mason has arrived from Romney, and gives a He
reports the ravages of the Federalists in that region as
shocking to the civilization of the age [or ‘ages’]. A party of them
were killing the cows or pigs of an old man , who came
to his door and union [-] with them. They charged
him with aiding the “rebels”, and upon his reply –
ing that he was a poor man and had to work for
whoever paid him, they shot him down and set fire
to his house. Mason saw a part of his body, not con-
summed, and it was riddled by bullets. He seemed to be
about 80 years of age. The Federalists killed hogs,
and piling them together left them to rot. Surely
the name Yankee will be [-] for generations
in the Southern country. The spirit of [-]
malignity which possesses them is utterly fiendish.
Simon De Montfort and his crusaders were not
more bloodthirsty and remorseless than many of the
Northern people seem to be. The U. S. Government is now
endeavoring to destroy the port of Charleston by sink-
ing old hulks off the mouth of the harbour! A North-
ern journal complacently says that the contempla-
ted advance of McClelland’s army, “will spread [-]
[-] and wailing through many a Southern house-

[transcription by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 38-258

1862 January 27 Winchester, Va.

[conclusion of letter by E. F. Paxton]

Jany 27
Yesterday I concluded after writing this to
come to town and get Comfortable
quarters as I felt much inclined to chills
I slept pretty well last night and
this morning am not suffering any pain
I hope to be well in the course of a few days
Should I get worse I will write tomorrow

[transcript by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

General Elisha F. "Bull" Paxton, University of Virginia alumnus and Confederate general, commanded the 27th Virginia Infantry and later the 1st "Stonewall" Brigade at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville.

MSS 2165

1862 January 27 [Williamsburg, Va.]

[From the diary of Daniel D. Logan, younger brother of General Thomas M. Logan, and a Sgt., Co. B, 1st Special Battalion (Rightor's) Louisiana Infantry]

Wms’burg Monday – January 27th 1862
Reveille this morning before hf hour
Earlier than usual – Jim returned
from Williamsburg tight & did not
give us breakfast before near
ten o’clock – Company drill
at 10 o’c – Garnett [?] took the
Company to battalion drill
& parade at 3 ½ o’c – spent the
day reading. After retreat
I came in to Williamsburg on
foot for the mail, which brings me
a letter from Father. Wrote to
Eggleston today about my furlough –
Called on Miss Hattie [Hettie Cary] this evening –
but she was not at home – Spent
the evening with Miss Galt – Read
the papers & went to bed at
11 ½ o’c

[transcription by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]
MSS 6154

1862 Jany 27 Fair View

Gen. Jno. H. Cocke

My Dear Friend

I return the Ms
of the sermon. In revising it I have
made some few alterations of sentences
and added a few, leaving it pretty much
as it was preached. It is my earnest
prayer that it may do the dear family
some good & all who may read it.
My cold and hoarseness have kept
me in doors almost constantly since
Sabbath I am some better today. Our
high regards to all the family. Did
I understand from you on Sab. that
Mr Cook is to be at Belmead soon?

Your friend
C. Tyree
I send you a sermon which is
the germ of The Living Epistle

Cornelius Tyree, 1814-1891, preached the funeral sermon of Gen. Philip St. George Cocke: "The benefits of affliction. A sermon on occasion of the death of Gen. Philip St. George Cocke, preached at his late residence, in Powhatan County."

MSS 640

1862 January 27 Camp Pickens

Dear Wm. [William Daniel Cabell]

Private Jno Owens will hand you this. He has been
detailed with 2 others to look up our absentees & return them
to camp. He is my main boy in the company and one in whom
I have great confidence. You will see that he has one of my
horses to ride thro' the country after these absentees, if you please.
No news here. Everything still. Write t me soon & give me all
the news. I shall write again soon. We are having horrible
weather & it goes pretty hard. My best love to Bettie & the
children. I told Ro. Giles to bring me down a comb & brush
Will you see that he gets them--If he shd not, get them &
give them to Jack Owens. I wish Pa to send me by Jack a bag
of meal--as I am sick 'nigh unto death' of Flour. When can
you come down to see us! Try & visit me before long, for
'twould be an interesting trip to you. I am as ever your
affectionate Brother
Lt. Joseph C Cabell Jr
Co C 49th Va Vols.

P.S. We have not as yet commenced
in earnest organizing for another term of service, but soon will.
Giles will hardly hold his position--he has grown so unpopular
This however is between us, as I wd. not wish to injure
him by any act of mine--Lt.J.C.C.J

MSS 276

1862 January 27 Corps of Artillery Army of the Potomac Camp Pendleton

Col. Wm. N. Pendleton
Chief of Artillery C. S.

Sir--I have the honour herewith, very
respectfully, to tender through you, the resignation of my
commission, as Captain of the Fluvanna Light Artillery,
Virginia Volunteers, attached to your corps.

By the death of my brother Philip St Geo Cocke, late
Brig. Genl C.S. Army of the Potomac, a great calamity has
fallen upon my family, and my presence now at home, is necessary
and urgent. Being named in his will one of the Executors on my
brother's estate, I have quallified[sic] to the trust, the demands of which
with other strong, and sacred obligations require, I should with-
draw from the public service, to enter on a discharge of
the new, and unforseen duties now specially demand-
ing my care.

The troops on this Line have gone into winter quarters,
and the present, seems as favourable, as any period I could
select, to send in my resignation, which, for reasons above named
(and I ask they may be forwarded,) is without conditions, most
respectfully tendered-- Your obt servt.
Cary C. Cocke Capt.
Fluvanna Light Artillery

MSS 640

1862 January 27 Out Post No 2

Out post No 2
Monday Morning 28” [27] Jany 62
My darling Wife
I recd yesterday your two letters the last
mailed on Saturday & - enclosing Julias letter
And I am now preparing an answer which
I hope you will be able to get tomorow. [sic]
If you are well enough to make the trip, by
all means go & see Julia married, but if
you are not well enough to go without risk
then write to her & tell her the reason why
you cant go & at all events express my
regrets that I cant be with her on that
interesting occassion. [sic] If you cant go
to see her married then try & meet them
at the depot. Julia seemed really very
anxious to see you & I would be glad if
you could go. Give her my love.
We will be relieved this morning I sup-
Pose. we have had quite a pleasant
time & good weather until this mor-
ning but it is now raining a cold
rain which is inclined to sleet. we
will have a very bad time going back
but hope to get in before dark. in order

[page 2]
for you to get this letter tomorrow
I must get back to camp in time
to send it to the Junction this evening
which I fear I will not be able to
do. Tell Jim & Lizzie I cant exactly
send them a clean kiss this time but
will next time.
Most affectionately

"Junction", page 2, line 3 - 'Manassas Junction'.

"Jim & Lizzie", page 2, line 5 - 'James and Lizzie, his son and daughter.'

While the heading of this letter is dated "28" Jany 62", Warren is mistaken in the date. He wrote "Monday Morning". The final Monday in January 1862 was the 27th. He would be more likely to misidentify the date than the day of the week.

[Transcription and annotations by John P. Mann, IV]

MSS 7786-g

Thursday, January 26, 2012

1862 January 26 American Hotel Richmond

General John H Cocke
Dear Sir

I find it neces
=sary to go to Fredericksburg in order
to get the papers fixed so I can
get my Comd. consequently will
be detained longer than I expe
=cted, hope however to get back
next Thursday morning.
The chief clerk to the Sect of
War says I will have no dif
-iculty in getting the Comd.

It is reported here that
the Yankees have crossed the
Rappahannock and a fight is
expected hourly. No other
news of importance, there is
no rush as far as I can learn

[page 2]
about recognition,
Very Respectfully Yr. obt Sevt.
Archl. Perkins

MSS 640

1862 January 26

[from the diary of James Dinsmore Templeton, musician and private in the 23rd Ohio, currently on furlough]

Went to Church today
Saw Mrs R. Campbell
Went to Church
this evening
partly clear

MSS 10317

1862 January 26

[From the diary of Jesse Calvin Spaulding, Co. F, 25th Massachusetts, currently assigned to the Commissary Dept. on the steamer "Admiral"

Another lovely day. Busied myself
in reading the Bible and
Youngs "Night Thoughts". They have been
at work on the wheel-house all day,
fixing it up so it will hold. there were
two or three boats got over the bar to day
One of this regiment died to day. said
said to have diphtheria. Got the news
of a great battle in Kentucky in which
the rebels were defeated and Gen.
Zollicoffer killed. I was guilty this evening
of amusing myself with a puzzle of
numbers which Capt Messenger proposed
and also of joining in levity unbecoming
on the Sabbath. May God in His infinite
mercy forgive me through Christ His
Son. Have received no letters yet since
I left Annapolis. O how full of anxiety
my dear friends must be in regard to
me, but they are in Gods hands and
He will sustain them. May He soon
in great mercy return me to them in
safety, the war being ended and peace declared.

MSS 11293

1862 January 26

[from the diary of Daniel D. Logan, younger brother of General Thomas M. Logan, and Sgt., Co. B, 1st Special Battalion (Rightor's) Louisiana Infantry.

Sunday – January 26 1862
Rose this morning at 8 o’c &
wrote a letter to Sister Sallie –
Went to church – Episcopal – at 11
& walked home with Miss Hattie
Carey – sat an hour or so & returned
to Miss Galts - after dinner Emmett
& I walked into Camp – I
called the roll – Wrote a letter
to Lillie enclosing one to
Miss Nina – Returned at 11 ½
o’clock – Tattoo tonight at
7/ o’clock

[Sarah Septima Logan, 1847-1828, and Josephine Maria Logan, AKA Lillie, 1843-1923, sisters of Logan]

[transcription by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards and annotation by Robert K. Krick]

MSS 6154

1862 January 26 Winchester, Virginia

Winchester Jany 26 1862
My Darling Wife
We left Romney on Thurs
day and after three days we reached on
yesterday evening our present encampment
two miles from Winchester. To day I received
your grumbling letter of 21st in which you
are very bitter over my bad usage in being
refused a furlough. The only matter of surprise
with me is that I ever lost my temper about
it as I came to the conclusion long ago that
there was no use in grumbling about any
thing in the army and it was always best
to bear in patience whatever happens [to] us
with a becoming sense of gratitude that
it is no worse. I think we shall remain
at rest here until Spring, no one being more
thoroughly disgusted with a winter cam-
paign than Jackson himself is from the
fruits of our expedition to Romney.

[page 2]
Echols furlough expires nine days hence
and then I think I may safely promise my
self the happiness of a visit home to en-
joy for a while the loved society of wife
and little ones from whom I have been
so long separated. For a while, only, Love,
as my duty will require me to leave you
soon again. I wish to pursue such course
as will give me hereafter a good opinion of
myself and the good opinion of my neigh-
bors, and neither is to be won by shrink-
ing from the dangers and hardships of a
soldiers life when the safety of his coun-
try requires him to endure them. But
for this the titles and applause to be won
by gallantry upon the field could never
tempt me from home. Would you have
me return there, the subject of such con-
versation as has been freely lavished upon
some who remained behind, and others
who turned their backs on country & comrade
I think not

[page 3]
I don’t think Love you would know me
if you could see me just now. I think I am
dirtier than I ever was and maybe lousy
besides. I have not changed clothes for two
weeks, and my pants have a hole in each
leg nearly big enough for a dog to creep
through. I had been promising myself the
luxury of soap & water all over, and a change
of clothes to day but the wind blows so
hard and cold I really think I should
freeze in the operation.
I am afraid the dirt is striking in – as I
am somewhat afflicted with the babys
complaint – a pain under the apron
I am not much afraid of it however
as I succeeded in getting down a good
dinner, which with me is generally a
sign of pretty fair health – Now Love I will
bid you goodbye, as it is very cold and
uncomfortable writing leaving the last
side of my sheet unwritten –
Ever Yours
E F. Paxton

[transcript by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

General Elisha F. "Bull" Paxton, University of Virginia alumnus and Confederate general, commanded the 27th Virginia Infantry and later the 1st "Stonewall" Brigade at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville.

MSS 2165

1862 January 26 Camp Jackson Ft Gaines

Camp Jackson Ft Gaines Jany 26/62 [RD]
My Dear Wife –
I wrote to you yesterday
by Lieut Roberts but forgot to Day that
I could not find any Knitting needle
here – Has “Louis” commenced painting
the Dining Room – We received a
Dispatch from Capt Hardy
this morning saying that “Eli Shorter”
Telegraphs from Richmond and
we will be stationed here for
six months in the Confederate Unit [?].
Which arrangement I am verry well
pleased with. This is fine weather
for Gardening – so much so that
you can plant Corn in about
fifteen days – Let me hear
from you all about every
thing - Your affectionate Husband
W. H. Locke

William H. Locke, Confederate in John Hardy's "Eufala Minute Men" and Captain George A. Robert's C.o C, Fourth Batallion, Alabama Cavalry; before and after the war a dry goods merchant in Eufala, Alabama.

[transcription by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 13485

1862 January 26 Out Post no 2

Out Post No 2
Jany 26” Sunday Night
My darling Jennie
With 5 companies numbering 196 men
rank & file I left camp and got here by one
Oclock our baggage train coming about dark
Lieut Whit Kisling of Capt Yanceys Co is my
acting Adjutant and Dr Morson my Surgeon
we three have a good room furnished with
beds chairs tables & in the house of a friend
near my line. the weather has been windy
but not cold and my men seem to have
a very good time of it. For my own part
I am perfectly comfortable & had rather
be here than in camp Billy of course
is with me. I expect to be able to re
turn to camp on Tuesday. The only draw
back on picket is that we are compelled
to sleep in our clothes. could I undress and
if you could safely be with me I dont
know but that we could be quite as com-
fortable in our present quarters as we
could if I was at Frescatti. We are not
pleased with the result of the fight at Som-
erset Ky. It is reported here that Genl
Beauregard is to go to Ky. I hope this
is true for he is not only popular with
our men but is a terror to the Yankeys
and thus he will inspire confidence on

[page 2]
our side & at the same time discourage
the other side. You know I dont think as
much of the little Frenchman as I do of
Genl Johnston yet I do think he is the
man to send to Ky. Genl Van Dorn has
gone to Missouri. this is another good plan
he is just the man for the place and
was not needed here. I blame Genl Critinden
for the Ky misfortune. Critinden was here
for some time & I am told was drunk all the
time & I doubt not was drunk at the fight
No body but a drunken fool would attack
14000 men believing there was only 1500
I think we are geting [sic] up a better feeling
on the subject of reinlisting [sic]. by good man-
agement a majority of our men could be
got to revolunteer, but I dont think I will
have much to do with it.
My camp post is about 2 ½ miles from Fairfax
Station & 4 miles from our regimental camp &
not far from the R R. our picket is on the
R. R. I hope when this reaches you you &
the children will both be quite well. kiss the
dear little creatures for me & tell them papa
does want to see them so much. I saw George
the day before I wrote my last letter. he was
quite well. but I neither hear nor see Edward
nor James.
Most truly & factually ETHW

"Lieut Whit Kisling", line 4 - 'Whitfield G. Kisling, 1st Lieutenant, Company E, 10th VA Infantry.'

"Capt Yanceys Co", line 4 - 'Captain William B. Yancey, Captain, Company E, 10th VA Infantry.'

"Dr Morson", line 5 - 'John A. Morson, Assistant Surgeon, 10th VA Infantry.'

"Frescatti", line 20 - 'Frascati, childhood home of Jennie.'

"Beauregard", line 23 - 'Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard.'

"Genl Johnston", page 2, line 4 - 'Joseph Eggleston Johnston, commanding general, Confederate Army of the Potomac.'

"Genl Van Dorn", page 2, line 5 - 'Earl Van Dorn.'

"Genl Critinden", page 2, lines 8 & 9 - "George Bibb Crittenden.'

"R R", page 2, line 21 - "This was the Orange and Alexandria Railroad.'

"George", page 2, line 25 - 'Jennie's brother George S. Magruder, Corporal, Company C, 13th VA Infantry.'

"Edward", page 2, line 27 - 'Jennie's brother Edward J. Magruder, Captain, Company A, 8th GA Infantry.'

"James", page 2, line 28 - 'Jennie's brother James W. Magruder, Sergeant, Company K, 2nd VA Cavalry.'

[transcription and annotation by John P. Mann, IV]

MSS 7786-g

Wednesday, January 25, 2012

1862 January 25 Camp near Centreville

Dear Walter:-

Harry Cline is about to leave here for your
camp and kindly consents to be the bearer of a hasty
note to you.

As the expiration of our term of service draws
near we begin to think about what company we will enlist
in for the War. The most of our Boys (the Warren Rifles)
are in favor of going in cavalry and we wish to unite
those of our Company and those of yours who are in favor
of going in Cavalry in one Company and the only thing that
I see to prevent our doing so is that your Company comes
out in July and ours in May. We are compelled to re-enlist
within twenty days of the expiration of our term of service
or we are subject to a Militia draft. But probably by
special application we can arrange this. Have you seen a
copy of the re-enlisting act passed by the Confederate
congress: I will send you one soon.

I case the company could be raised the Boys
speak of Cousin Horace Buck as Captain. Do you think he
will suit?

Please write to me and let me know what your
Company intend doing and what you think of the proposition
by the very first opportunity.

I have been appointed orderly Sergeant of the
Warren Rifles.

I have a crow to pick with you the first time
we meet my young man.

Bill says you must be sure and get with us next
time. He has been waiting very patiently for a letter from

The Boys all send love, I must close. Write
soon. Excuse this hastily written note.

Your affec. Bro.

Richard Bayly Buck, 1844-1888, of Front Royal. Va.

[Letters transcribed and typed by his son George G. Buck at an unknown date. Location of originals unknown.]

MSS 1091

1862 January 25 Beaver Creek

Dear Sister

I have sit down to drop you
A few lines, not in answer to any thing we
have received lately. In the last letter we got
you spoke of not hearing from us for three
months, we answer that letter some time since.
We are all well, and hope these few lines
may find you all well, for time and eternity.
there is a greateal[sic] of sickness, typhoid fever diptheria
mumps and measleas still remain in this County
their has been A great manny deaeths deaths and
still continue to be. Mrs Gay died since we wrote last
this is the third of that family and tenth of this
neighbourhood, some families have lost eight out of nine some
seven some five, some three, and so on. Death seams
to be abroad in out land. John Smith had it
wife and seven children he lost all. John Hellison
seven out of eight. the Rev James More says he
has counted over one hundred & fifty deaths of our sitizens
this last year. There is somethin more distressing
occuring here than death from sickness. that is
taking men out of their hoses[sic] from their own firesides
in the dark hours of the night and murdering them
either on their farms or on the public highway

[page 2]
on the night of the 22inst. Mr Timothy Alderman
was taken. Soon after dark, their was four
men called at his house and wanted him to come
out. they wanted Aword with him, he told them
he had been Sick and did not like to go out, for
them to come in. With that one of the men came
to the door and presented his pistol at him and
said he would shoot him if he did not come out.
that he only wanted A word with him, he went
out and asked their names one said his name was
Wood. Alderman's wife went to the door with the candle
in her hand one of the men said shoot it out another
said take it back and shut the door. and Alderman
has never been seen since. nor heard of since he
was an old man with A large family of small children
he was A consistent member of the Old Side Methodist chur
ch, but was said to hold Union principarls[sic].

In the same week that Alderman was taken
Eli Buzzard & Henry Arbigast was taken also. The robbers
or Garillows told Buzzard to gather up his money
and clothes that he had to go to Huntersvil
he was found about one mile from his house
with more than one bullet hole in his boddy and
robed of about two thousand dollars worth of money
and bonds. Abigast was also found dead with A hole blowed
threw his head and his face poweder burnt he was
A local preacher and all of them said to be of the
same principal

[page 3]
It is said that Col Jackson has offered $200 reward for
the murderers or their names. and it is said also that
General Johnston has come down from Aleghany camp
to see if he can find out ho[sic] is the offenders.
Some think it is to be the Tennessee Cavalry Some
say that their air forty of A Garillon[sic] company in
this County. From those Back Countyes and threatning
There has been A great many murders comited
in Braxton and Webster Countyes between the
unionists Unionists and secessionests. There are refuges
coming in almost daily telling things harable
to lisen to. of stealing and burning of property
leaving orphan children in truly destitute [hole in paper]
out Shelter for their heads.

[letter will continue on February 2]

[MSS 13371]

1862 January 25 Williamsburg

[from the diary of Daniel D. Logan, younger brother of General Thomas M. Logan and a Sgt., Co. B, 1st Special Battalion (Rightor's) Louisiana Infantry]

Weather clear today. Emmett & I
came to town – he rode & I walked
in by the cut off, beating the carry [?]-all
in. I had to take off my boots & wade in
the Creek. Dined at Lizzies, spent the after noon
& evening at Miss Galts – called on Miss Cary
& the Tuckers but they were not at home –
rather a hard case, to walk six miles
through the mud to see a young lady &
play chess with her & find her out. Capt
Taylor brought Emmett & I some egg nog tonight
while we were enjoying a good fire in
our room. I sat up tonight & wrote a letter
to Julie – Find six letters in the office
today for me – Rec’d a Richmond paper of
the 24th with an a/c of our defeat in Ky
at Somerset – Learn today that the 2d La
Regiment are ordered to Kentucky.

[transcription by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 6154

1862 January 25

My Dear Father

I received your
ever welcome letter this mor-
ning. I have since receiving
moved to this place. -- Mr. Mc
Pherson's. I have the mumps
quite badly. They have attacked
me below. You know where.
Frank Guy had them I mean.
I am in very comfortable quar-
ters apparently. And hope
soon to be well. I do not sup-
pose you will deem me sick
enough to visit. Indeed I hope
it will be a trifling affair
Should you deem it necessary
I think your best way would be
by taking the Manassas Gap
down & go to The Plains. There
you will find a stage run-

ning to middleburg. There
you can you find a private
conveyance to Leesburg or
camp. Do not I beg you
my father give yourself
any uneasiness on my account.
It would be imprudent for me
to sit up longer. Give
my best love to all. Dr. [?]
has so far been practice-
ing on me. Again good bye
Yr. most affectionate
son --- W. H. Perry, Jr.

William H. Perry, 1836-1915, of the Richmond Howitzers; later a Virginia lawyer.

[transcription by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

1862 January 25

[from the diary of James Dinsmore Templeton, musician and private, currently on furlough from the 23rd Ohio]

Was at home all day
did nothing walked out
with the gun Saw nothing
Will Stories called this
evening--took supper
gave him the buggy
and horse to go to the
party at Shonackers
went with him to
Savan[nah] called on Eliza
walked home
Cloudy no change

Was at home today. Bates
called awhill, Will & Jennie
Langan called a short time
This afternoon.
Snowed some last night
also some this forenoon
now clear cold

MSS 10317

1862 January 25 Low[e]r Bremo, [Fluvanna Co., Va.]

Genl Cocke

Dear Sir
By request of Dr.
Holeman I send this note to you, that
you may have an opportunity of sending
from under your hand the amount of
your Taxable Fund, I gave him a list of
the Negros & directed hm to the Commissioners
Book for the balance; but he is fearful that it
might have been changed since you gave in
your last list--All well as usual, had
a snow storm yesterday morning
followed by rain & sleet; but is mile again
this morning, I hope you will find an
opportunity to come up and see us before long
I wrote you a few days ago, about Mr Joseph Seay
wanting very much to hire a cook woman
if you were disposed to hire one
I am about starting my teams to haul some
logs to the Steam Saw Mill, today.
Dr. Brent Y Mrs Brent left for Warminster
by the last Boat. Mr. Wm Cabell has been down
His wife & Mr Frank Cabell both sick with
colds & sore throat, I remain yours in haste
very respectfully Ro B. Hughes

MSS 640

1861 January 25 [Staunton, Va.]

[from the diary of Joseph A. Waddell, civilian clerk in the Quartermaster Dept., Staunton, Va.]

Va. At Alick’s again to-night – The cheerfulness
with which she undergoes such labors is admira-
ble. I would not have consented for her to sit up
anywhere else. The children seem about in a- [sic]
about the same condition. The war new is not
encouraging for us, the enemy’s forces outnum-
bering ours vastly, and pressing in on every side.
The last report in relation to our defeat in Ky.
is that we lost 300 men – that Crittenden with
6000 attacked the Federalists, supposing them to
be 1500 in number, but they turned out to be 14000,
strongly posted and fortified at that. There was a
report to-day that a large body of Federalists (15
regiments) were approaching Lewisburg.

[Transcription by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 38-258

1862 January 25

[From the diary of Jesse Calvin Spaulding, Co. F, 25th Massachusetts, currently assigned to the Commissary Dept on board the Steamer "Admiral."]

Ten o'clock PM. Last night we
swung round against the Louis
iana and stove in our Wheel-house
Making a terrible crash which started
everybody up. I sat up in bed a little
while, and then lay down again com-
mitting myself to God. We got through
the night safely, but the boat cannot
be managed. It was a narrow escape.
Have read some and played checkers.
They are now trying to get up the
anchor and fixing the wheel-house
It has been a very pleasant day for a
wonder in this place.

MSS 11293

Tuesday, January 24, 2012

1862 January 24 [Centreville]

John Warwick Daniel's previous letter continues]

[page 5]
Jan. 24th 1862.
My letter has been detained
for a couple of days by a tempor-
ary derangement of our mails,
and I have determined to add
to it before sending it off.
Yesterday the mare was sent
up to me from Manassas, and
I am glad to say in good
appearance, and condition.
I have not yet had an oppor-
tunity of testing her qualifica-
tions as a work horse, but she
has improved – quite considera-
bly in docility, and I doubt not
will admirably answer the
purpose for which she is
intended. I shall be able
in a few days to provide
her with very comfortable
This evening I expect to
go into my Winter Quarters
which are quite snug,

[page 6]
and comfortable.
The chief topic of conversa-
tion in the regiment at
present, is the succession
to the command of our brig-
ade, that post being ren-
dered vacant by the promotion
of Genl. Ewell. Col. Garland
it is generally thought will
be the successful aspirant,
and I think my self that
his friends will probably
secure him the office.
The Col. is popular with
the regt. but I am sorry
to say that I cannot re-
pose that confidence in
him which others seem
to do. He is certainly
not the man whom
I would select as

[page 7]
my General, or my leader.
Should he receive the pro-
motion the other Field
Officers will also, I sup-
pose, rise in succession,
& the Senior Capt. (Saunders)
be appointed Major.
Kirk[wood] Otey would be the
regimental choice for the
latter position, but Saun-
ders is the ranking officer,
and is moreover acces-
sible to the appointing
I am well.
With Love, I remain
Your Affectionate Son,
Jno. W. Daniel

[Col. Samuel Garland, Jr. VMI graduate in 1849,Co. G, 11th Virginia Infantry.]

Jan. 24th 1862.
My Dear Sister,
Your letter was
received yesterday, and I write
now merely for the sake of
reply, for really, as Abram
would say, there is nothing
to write about.
I wrote Grandpapa a
letter on the 22nd enclosing
a short one to you, both
of which I hope have
been received.
The eatables Grandma
so kindly prepared & for-
warded to me have
been very much enjoyed.
The Cake & preserves sent
by Ma were likewise very

[page 2]
fine. You will please say
to Ma that they have
been received, and are
very nice.
Don’t forget to send me
by William Miller, Quaker [?]
book ( or other) Nat’l Philosophy,
Farquelle’s French Exercises,
Livy, Caesar, or Sallust,
& the book of Tapo’s of
which Grandma spoke
in a late letter, also
if you can spare it
a volume of Mrs. Browning’s
poems. I have ample
conveyance for all, & they
shall certainly be
taken good care of.
I go in my Winter
Quarters this evening.
They are very

[page 3]
snug & warm although
somewhat limited in
space & number of apart-
My love to all.
Hoping to hear from you
soon & frequently,
I remain
Your Affec. Brother
John W. Daniel.

11th Regt. Va. Vols.
Centreville Jan. 24th
Hon. J. P. Benjamin,
A number of
men sufficient according to
regulation for the formation of
a Company of Light Artillery,
have given me their names,
and requested me to tender
their services to the Depart –
ment for the War under the
condition that the Battery
be furnished them. I there-
fore respectfully request to
be informed whether the
Company will be accep-
ted to serve in this capac-
ity or not.
The men are twelve-

[page 2]
month volunteers, and
chiefly members of this
You will oblige myself
by affording the desired
information as soon as
Very Respectfully
Jno. W. Daniel
Lieut. Co. A
11th Va. Vols.

John Warwick Daniel, 1842-1910, University of Virginia law school, noted orator, and U.S. Senator
[transcription by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 158

1862 January 24

[From the diary of James Dinsmore Templeton, musician and private, currently on furlough from the 23rd Ohio]

Was at home all day
did nothing
Still sore from yesterdays
Still taking medicine for
the jaundice
Cloudy icy rather strange

Went out with the
the gun saw nothing
Went to Savan[nah] this
afternoon. Went this
evening to party
at Sloanes. Hannah
came home with me
Staying all night
Jones stayed
last night
cloudy, snowing some

MSS 10317

1862 January 25 Camp Ewell

Dear Phill & Sister
I was very glad to get a letter
from you this morning and to hear that you were well
and Sister improving for I have had Sad dreams about
Sister several nights and althoug[h] I dont think I am very
superstitious still they affected me somewhat & I was very
anxious to hear from you all. I sympathised with you all
when I heard in a letter that I received from home that you
had lost your little baby but we ought to try & believe that
"God does all for the best" and I am in hope this will be a blessing
to you all. I intend keeping my tent very closely today as I have
a very sore foot & have to wear a slipper my shoe rubbed it and
having walked too much on it yesterday last night it was very
much swollen so I thought I would try & keep quiet today but
I am Col. Robertson's Courier still & tomorrow will be my day
to ride again. Since writing the above I have had a long & cold
ride up to Centreville I thought I was fixed for the day here & had
the Capt Heath (who is Captain in the Qr. Master Department)
and Dick Pemberton to carry up the dispatches but they went
off without them so I had to squeeze on my boot on my poor old
foot and travel off but I am used to that sort of thing now.
Maben Hobson is our Captain now and is very popular both
in our company & the regiment he is one of the best men I ever
saw & makes a very good Captain I think I am better fixed than
I have ever been yet stay in an elegant tent with Capt. Heath
& mess with our officers I used to stay in a tent with Dick
Pemberton but then he got tight so often and there were so many
people always in there that I was very glad when Captain Heath
got one & asked me to stay with him and since then have
gotten on finely but Dick does not drink so much now I am
very glad to say. I heard the other day that the Yankees were
rebuilding Accotink bridge but dont believe they will come

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here this winter for the roads are almost impassible from
the late rains & snows I was out a great deal in that bad
weather & it seems to be com[m]encing again as it is hailing now
& right cold & raw. I would get you to send the socks down home
as I am in need of some & thank you very much for knitting
them too Sister if I knew what Pa was going to do but I
cant tell, he said he was going up to see you as soon as
he got back from Richmond and then wrote Col. Robertson
that he was thinking of coming up to pay me a visit
but I expect he could send them to me any way. I wish
I could be with you all this evening I want to see you
both very much but there is no chance of my getting
off yet as they are just as obstinate as they can be about
granting furloughs & never think of doing it except in
the most urgent cases. I dont think we have seen any fighting
at all compared with what has got to come I differ with
you though on that point. There has been right heavy
firing nearly all day down towards Evansport they may
be firing on Yankee vessels as it has continued so long
but I believe they frequently fire for practice down there.
I must now close up. Give my love to all at
Liberty Hall write soon & believe me as ever your
affectionate brother
Richard M. Bolling
P. S. Excuse this paper as all my writing paper is gone
Richd M. Bolling

Co. F was known as the Goochland Light DragoonsRichard M. Bolling, Private Co. F, 4th Virginia Cavalry
Captain Alexander Maben Hobson, later Major of the 4th Virginia
Richard Pemberton, Private, later Sergeant Co. F, 4th Virginia Cavalry
Colonel Beverly Holcombe Robertson,1827-1910
MSS 38-111