Tuesday, May 31, 2011

1861 May 31 Charlottesville [Virginia]

Hd Qrs Camp Jefferson

Col P St Geo Cocke
Yours of this mornings date
came duly to hand, and contents noted,
the requisitions I sent to Richmond were not answered
in full, they sent only the Muskets (Flint Locks) and
Ammunition, I refer you to my letter of the 29th for
particulars about accoutrements, I have two parties
now making estimates for Tents & Knapsacks, will
report so soon as I close with them,

The Tents for the Montgomery Guard (Capt Taylor) will
be completed by Monday morning next, Those for
Capt Rea perhapse by the middle of the week, then
tents will be furnished the companies by the county,
Capt Taliaferros (Amherst Company) Tents I hope to have
made by the middle of next week also. We are
badly off for accoutrements, and I learn that there
are none to be had in Richmond.

I have managed my affairs here with as much economy
as possible, Having many friends here, I had all
of the Straw I have used given to me, up to the
first of this week when I had to purchase two loads,
Quarters so far have cost me nothing, I have had
the use of the old Methodist church without charge,
(where the Montgomery Guard are quartered) The old Mudwall
house, and both ranges at the University were
tendered me upon application (but I have only used one as yet)

(page 2)
Those who were sick enough to require nursing, were
taken in at the Infirmary at the University, some others
I had to board at a boarding house for a short time,
So soon as the Tents are completed, the companies
now here will be ready to move (except they will have
no accoutrements) I keep up the squad drill five hours
each day, and Dress Parade every evening, the most
of the men now here are raw recruits, and will
require a good deal of drilling before they can be
efficient, Will write you again tomorrow or the next
day and report all particulars,

Can you tell me any thing about the reported arrival
of improved arms at Lynchburg?

Respectfully Your Obt Servt
Wm H Fry
Lt Col Comdg & Mustering officer

1861 May 31

[The letter written by a member of the family of Edward T.H. Warren continues]

Friday morning 8 o'clock The first [?] is a soldier at our wood pile
He sent his respects, would return the wood. Right before my window
is their fire where they are cooking their breakfast, poor things.
I wish I could do it for them. My woman was washing for them
all day yesterday.

10 o clock I have just gotten the yarn
carpet up of the dining room and laid down the
straw matting gotten all swept nicely when Mr. Francis
Miss Lizzie's brother came in. He was glad to speak to a
woman the first time for 4 weeks and to get some washing
done. I told him how glad I was to be able to help them
and am in my element now plenty to do for the needy.
One poor fellow Mr. Davidson a very nice young man was
at the pump washing some clothes setting flat on the ground
a nephew of the Rogers' Sinah went out and offered to do
it for hm he would not accept now but will be glad to have
her help in a day or two and pay her well. I spoke to him
and was glad to find an acquaintance.

At day light this morning your Pa heard a soldier call his
name he hurried[?] out expecting it might be one of Lincoln's
men but was relieved to find it our man of the wood.

I am going now to make bread for them while Sinah washes.
I am so glad I have every thing done so she will have leasure
to wait on them.

[letter will continue the following day]

MSS 7786-l

Monday, May 30, 2011

1861 May 30 Hopewell [Alabama]

my Dear Master

I wrote to you the first of May
and hope that my letter has been
received. I was sorry to hear that
you were not very well but I
hope that by this time you are
rrestored to your usual health.
The crops I think are in very good
order. The cotton that I have seen
looks very well. We have our
Potato patch more than half planted
the plants are all leaving [leafing?] and looks
very well. the garden is looking
better than it did a week or two
ago. we will have a plenty of
Tomatoes after a while. we
have at this time Peas Snapps
Cabbage Squash, and will soon have
cucmbers. Mr. Powell thinks that
Samesone [?] would make a better
gardner than Etter. he will

[page 2]
decide when he comes here again
which will be the 4th of June.
we got a letter from him to day
he was well. the people here
and at New Hope are well.
the woman that has been
sick so long is now nearly well.
Mrs Avery was very sick a few
days ago but is now better.
Mrs Joe Bunden also has a very sick
child. I have not seen Capt Cocke
since you went away he stays up
here but a very little. I am
geting along with my house business
very well. The people have all
got their Summer Clothes boath
here and at New hope. The weather
at this time is very warm. Two weeks
agao it was cool enough to keep
a fire all day. we are now haveing
a fine Shower of rain. we have not
had any rain before for three weeks.

[page 3]
we have preaching regularly
at the Chapel. I send you a piece
that Mr Brame [?] has had published
in the Religious. Herald. about
this plantation, thinking that
you may not have seen it.
he made a little mistake in
the number of people, but
that makes but little difference
I am glad to see that he thinks
much of us. Mr S Powell
is well and desires to be
remembered to you. nothing
more from your servant
Luch Skipwith
PS May [she meant June] the 4th
my letter has been in the office a day
or two and it is sent back to me to
be paid for with money. I have
your letter dated May the 27th

I feels submissive to the will of God concerning
my brother.

Lucy Skipwith

MSS 640

1861 May 30 Harpers Ferry

My Dear Pa,
As tomorrow is the last
day that I can send a letter for three cents
I will write, although I just wrote to Joe
by this morning’s mail. Dr. Barret arriv=
ed today bringing yr letter to me. I was
very glad to hear from all of you again
& to hear that you were all well. The bitter
& expectorant also came to hand for whi^’ch’
I am very much obliged. I got a paper
through mail besides the one that Dr. B.
brought. I as well as the most of the Boys
enjoy reading the papers you send me
very much. We were very much surpris-
ed to see Dr. B. back here again.

I heard of some recruits that we wd
have this week, that I do n’t think will
be of any benefit to our B, I don’t reckon
they ^ ‘all of them’ will be received, I for one will vote
against some of them… I’ve Just come

[page 2]
in from drill, I get very tired drilling some=
times, we drill a great deal & when our drill
master gets out on the field he does n’t know
when to let us off. It is right warm
now, we’ve had very good weather all the
week, had ^ ‘been’ right warm weather. Our uniform
is very hot now, I go in my shirt sleevs.
nearly all the time… I’ve not made Col Hill’s
acquain^’t’ance yet, will do so the first opportu=
nity I have, which I reckon will be soon.

The 3rd Regiment has been ordered away
from this place, to Manassas Junction I
think, I do n’t believe they’ve left yet.
I’ve heard nothing more of ^ ‘our’ leaving, do n’t
reckon we’ll leave directly unless there
is a fight & ^ ‘then’ our services will be needed,
if they have a fight at Manassa[s] I reckon
we will certainly take a part in it, if we
can get there in time. I do n’t think a at=
tack on Harper’s Ferry is expected now atall,
but everything is held in readiness in
case that an attack is made. We wd give
the Yankees a very hard fight here.

[page 3]
Chas. Jones has organized his company
at last has he? And it was about to break
up the last I heard from it. I hope he may
be drafted in the malitia. I’m very glad
Joe told him about his name being read
out everyday as a deserter; he has a minnie
musket & cap in his possession that belongs
to our Co which we wd like very much to get.
I do n’t think Cha. Jones ought to blame
Cap. Murray so much, for Cap. M try^’ied’ to make
an excuse for him by telling Col Hill that he
had gone home to raise a Co. Col Hill said it made
no difference even if he was a Cap, that he has
no right to leave & he sh’d be brought back.

I saw Cousine Will Jones yesterday, he expects
to go home on a furlough next week or week
after, he’s very anxious to see his wife.

Two at a time from a Co can get furloughs
for a short time now by paying his ^ ‘their’ own
expenses, I have no idea of trying to get
off myself as long as you are all well.
I do n’t expect to get home u^’n’till I’ve served
my time out, unless I sh’d be stationed

[page 4]
stationed somewhere near home. I wish
Pen was here with me, hope he will join
our Co as soon as the session closes. I expected
Cit Wallthall [Christopher J.] over here at one time but have given
him out now, my love to him & tell him he
must write to me. I wd be fixed if I had
Pen & Cit with me & Joe back here again.
It is getting late so I must bring my letter
to a close, it is now after supper. You must
excuse all imperfections. I know I’ve sent Letters
home that I wd be ashamed of if I cd see them now
for I do n’t always have time to look over them &
have to write in a great hurry & on gr amidst
great confusion &c but you know how I am
situated & will excuse me. My best love to
all at home, black & white & all my frien^’ds’
I am as well as I ever was in my life.
I must bid you good night. Yr devoted
& most affectionate son
P.S. P.E. Jones
How many teeth has the Baby
got? A mouth full I reckon. Can she set
alone yet? I want to see her very bad.

[The following is written in the top margin on page one.]
Henry, C. & Dock are very well. They send
their love. All of our sick ones are nearly well-
Tell Mr Carroll that Virg^’il’ [Virgil Carroll] is nearly well of the
mumps. Cap Murray commenced ha[v]ing
services last night, says he intends having
them every night. Tell Jim he must write
again soon. I will write before very long again.
You must not expect so many letters from
me hereafter Ed

[1861 May 30]

Letter begun my a member of the family of Edward T. H. Warren on May 26 resumes at this point.

Our ctizens are fleeing from their homes to escape
capture and being forced to swear allegiance to the Federal
government. Our next door neighbor went off into the state
with the records of the county and General Washingtons will
which they had kept here at the Court House. I have just been
to see his wife, she is very low spirited, but wants him to
stay away to avoid capture. Thousands of our troops are
within a half dozen miles of us, and they say will soon try
to retake Alexandria, though I do hope they will not
attempt it as it would require such a sacrifice of life
I am packing all things I do not need so as to be ready to
go to Middleburg if necessary.

Thursday night
A company
of soldiers have taken quarters in our church just
before our door. Every lady flyng from Alexandria

letter will continue on Friday morning

MSS 7786-l

Sunday, May 29, 2011

1861 May 29 Charlottesville [Virginia[

Head Qrs Camp Jefferson

Col P St Geo Cocke
Commanding Camp Henry
Culpeper CH Va
Your Telegram
was received last evening, and Capt Ellis company
forwarded this morning according to order,
The Arms and Ammunition for requisitions (per copy
sent you) made on Richmond came to hand today,
but no accoutrements, the Flint Muskets were sent,
those intended for Capt Ellis I will turn over to
Capt Taliaferro, the latter named company are just
such material as the former, except as a general thing,
the men are a little larger in size. I understood
today that there would be one or two more companies
from Amherst to come in, Lieut Cooke acccompanied
Lieut Otey today to Nelson county.

Your letter was handed me this morning; Capt
Taliaferro does not think the Rifles could be procured
in his county, I have been to all the Saddlers in
the town, all of them are occupied making Harness &c
for the State, and I cannot have the Cartridge Boxes,
or Scabbards made here, Most of the companies

[page 2]
are supplied with Cantines--Knapsacks, it is possible
I can have made here, am to have a reply on
tomorrow if it can be done, Tents and Uniforms
are now being made by the ladies for the Montgomery
guard (Capt Taylor) and it is exceedingly doubtful
whether any others could be made shortly, even if
the material can be had. Haversacks I will
try to have made by the ladies, shoes are
not to be had here at this time, but in this
particular I think most of the men now here are
supplied, or they are in the hands of the workmen,
I received a few Camp Kettles and Mess Pans from
Richmond on yesterday, enough for present demand,
but they are mostly of small size,

I sent the Muster Roll of Cap Ellis company
down this morning but had not time to send
(as I did in the other cases) returns of the company
on the other side you will find it,
The companies shall be all held ready subject
to orders, Could not Tents and Accoutrements
be obtained for them from Richmond?
Most Respectfully Your Most
Obt Servant
Wm H Fry
Lt Col Comdg

[page 3]
Return of Capt Jno T Ellis company "The Southern
Rights Guard" from Amherst CH Va. Mustered
into the service of the State of Virgnia on the 24th May 1861.

Camp Jefferson

Captains 1
Lieutenants 3
Seargeants 4
Corporals 4
Privates 69
Total 77
Aggregate 81

"Total" refers to the number of men and non-commissioned officers. "Aggregate" adds in the four commissioned officers, 3 lieutenants and a captain.

MSS 640

Saturday, May 28, 2011

1861 May 28 Richmond [Virginia]

Quarter Mastr General's Office
Virginia Forces


Yours of 26th for actg Asst Commissary Thomas
this moment to hand. I have sent you all the articles named
in your letter that we have had on hand or that it is possible
too purchase.
Tents pins and flies are exhausted at present but
am making them up as rapidly as possible. Cartridge boxes
Percussion Cap boxes, Scabbards, belts, plates and all other articles
of ordnance stores are supplied by the ordnance depts to whom
your requisition should have been made. Flags, Guidons, Drums
& fife cannot be had in this state. Bed Sacks are prohibited by
the Commdg Genl.
Very Respectfully
Yr. Obt Sert
H Heth
Lt. Col & A Q M Genl.

to Col. P.S.Geo Cocke

Henry Heth, 1825-1899, a career army officer, was serving as Robert E.Lee's quartermaster at the time this letter was written. After this brief stint he served in western Virginia and Kentucky before returning to the eastern theater in 1863. He inadvertantly made history a few months later by sending two reconnaissance brigades into Gettysburg, precipitating the pivotal battle there.
MSS 640

1861 May 28

Genl Cocke
dear Sir,

Freel was
the name of the lady who
was to die if there were no

R. S. Ewell

Richard S. Ewell, 1817-1872, known as "Old Baldy" was a career army officer who resigned when his home state of Virginia seceded and joined the Confederate forces. Three days after this letter was written, in a skirmish at Fairfax Court House he would become one of the first senior officers wounded in the war. He fought well throughout the war under Stonewall Jackson and Robert E. Lee but his reputation suffered after he refused to take Cemetery Hill in the battle of Gettysburg on July 1 1863 when given "discretionary" orders by Lee. Ewell's failure to take the high ground led to 150 years of speculation by "Lost Cause" adherents on whether or not Stonewall Jackson would have done so and won the battle for the south.

MSS 640

1861 May 28

[ letter by unknown member of the family of Edward T.H. Warren begun on May 26 continues]

We have had such exciting times. The Federal troops are ex-
pected every moment. Very often it has been announced that
they were here while we feel we have no force to resist
Many have left town. Robt took Anne and Ginnie this
morning to Middleburg. It was thought unsafe for them
I have been all day packing up any and all articals of clothing
which we will not need before we move.Troops are
coming in and we shall have a battle here soon, and O the
consequences! I shrink from the picture of bleeding sufferers
on both sides. I would rather see than run.

[letter pauses here and will resume on May 30]

MSS 7786-l

Friday, May 27, 2011

1861 May 27 Culpeper C House

Capt J C Porter

The undersigned has
been a resident of Missouri for
three years and at the time of
his entering your company was
on a visit to his relation in Culpeper
---at that time he t hought his health
was sufficient to enable him to
undergo the hardships incident
to a soldiers life--Experience
has convinced him that he was
mistaken and he, in order to be
released from further service
offers a substitute Mr H Parker
a stout robust man, fully able
to do any duty he may be called
on to do and fully expenenied [sic] in
all the duties of a soldier having
served in Mexico under both
Genls Taylor & Scott in their
campaigns. The undersigned
feels reluctance in making
the request above, but feels compelled

[page 2]
to do so--and respectfully
asks your approval of this
his application.

Thomas H. Covington

John C. Porter
Comdt Company E.

Referred to Maj Genl Lee
Cr in Chief
Phili S G Cocke
Col Va Vol Comps
May 27 1861

Hd.Qr Va Forces
May 28 61
Let him be discharged
when he produces an
acceptable substitute
By order
R. S. Garnett
Adj. Gen.

John Crump Porter was a captain in the 7th Regt. Va. Volunteers under Col. James Lawson Kemper. Later served as Colonel 3rd Regiment Virgina Artillery, local defense troops around RichmondMSS 640

1861 May 27 Leesburg [Virginia]

My dear girls,

I suppose
that you have ere this heard
that Alexandria was taken by
the Northern forces last Friday
morning, and may feel some un-
easiness as to what became of
me – Well after reaching Ma-
nassas Junction I took up
that road went to Middleburg
in stages, then with others tried
a spring wagon and came on to
this neighborhood Saturday. There
seemed to be great enthusiasm & ex-
citement among the soldiery in
prospect of an attack Friday
night at Manassas. But there
was a perfect panic here

[page 2]
Saturday evening when, as Lin-
cons [sic] forces were reported to be
marching on Leesburg – The
train on the road from this
place was taken by Lincon men
and bridges burned down, so that
we can get no news here from
the south – Can’t even hear how
the election is gone – You remem-
ber a secession flag in Alex: well
when Colo Ellsworth went to take
it down Mr Jackson shot him
and the soldiers under Colo E. shot
him and run him thro with their
bayonets. It is said that his wife
then took the flag threw it on
the dead body of her husband
drew her pistol and told them
she would shoot the first one
that touched it –

[page 3]
Well Bettie I gave the letters
to Miss Annie, and they were
very glad to get them and enquired
after you both with much affect- ^ ‘ion’
Tell Mr Simms I could not
get to Alex: and have the
money he handed me to pay
to Suttle & co $42.50 and
will hold it until he gives
me further direction. There is
at present no communication
between this place and that –
I did not see your Uncle Will
at Culpepper C.H. Expect he
is now at Manassas – remem-
-ber my injunctions children
about studying, working & C
Write to me at Upperville
for the other officers are almost

[page 4]
cut off – I will write again
from that place, as this
may not reach you – Give my
love to Mr. & Mrs. R. D. Simms.
[Several words are inked out.] & C
Don’t run about too much
and be kind & attentive to
y’r grand parents – If it should
be necessary for me to come over
at any time, tell Mr Simms.
Write to me at Upperville
and I’ll come as soon as I
receive the letter _

I’ve written this
very hurriedly and no time
for pains –

Y’r affect’e father
R.W. Watts

Robert William Watts, 1825-1910, noted Methodist minister, graduated from Emory and Henry, and served parishes in Orange, Loudoun, Warrenton, Amherst, Albemarle, Madison, Green and Nelson. He was a widower at the time he wrote this letter to his daughters. Mr. and Mrs. R. D. Simms mentioned the last page were his late wife's parents

MSS 809

1861 May 27 Richmond [Virginia]

Record of the Proceedings
of a
Called meeting of the Board of
Visitors of the
University of Virginia
held in the
City of Richmond
May 27th 1861
by Call of the Rector

The Board met in the law-
office of P.H. Aylett--at
one o'clock. Present--Col.
T.J. Randolh, Rector, Wm H. Terrell,
Esq. Col. Jno B. Baldwin, P.H. Aylett
Esq. & Franklin Minor. The
meeting was called to order by
the Rector & on motion of Mr Aylett....

It being stated to the Board
by a member that the Laboratory
& Professor of Chemistry at the
University can render efficient
service to the state at this time by
the manufacture of fulminating
powder for caps & fuses

Therefore Resolved
That the whole means & materials
of chemical preparation at the Univ-
versity be offered to the State for
immediate service....

A communication was received from
the Governor of the State, in the following
words--to wit--

Executive Department
Richmond, May 17th 1861
To the Rector & Visitors
of the University of Va.
The following advice of Council
approved by the Governor is respectfully
submitted to the Board of Visitors of
the University of Virginia:

Th Council unanimously advise
that the Board of Visitors be requested
to establish at the University of Virginia
a laboratory in connection with the Ordi-
nance department of the State for the
purpose of assisting in the preparation
of munitions of war, & that this duty
of superintendence & management be assigned
to professors, to whom no additional com-
pensation shall be given....

The following resolutions were offered
by Mr Minor, to wit.

Resolved 1. That a School of Military
Science & Civil Engineering
be estab-
lished in the University.

2. That the instruction in the school
of Military Science & Civil Engineering
shall be given by a Professor & two
assistant instructors.

3. That the professor shall be appointed
by the Board, & shall receive the same
salary & allowance for house rent as
the other professors; & that the assistant
instructors shall be appointed as as-
sistants are now appointed in other schools.

4. That in this School shall be
taught the Science of War, in all its
branches, & Civil Engineering, & a degree
shall be awarded in this school in the
same manner & on the same principles
as in ^'the' other schools, with the title of "Graduate
in the School of Military science & civil
engineering: & a Certificate of proficiency
may be awarded in the branches of
Civil Engineering or tactics separately.

5. The fees for instruction in this school
shall be _____

6. That students may attend the class
of Civil Engineering or tactics, without at-
tending the whole school or paying for
either Class----

7. That the class of tactics shall be
opened immediately for a course of instruc-
tion is to be continued during the vacation,
the fee for which course shall be _______

8. That the Board will proceed at once
to the selection of a Professor of Military
Science & Civil Engineering, who shall
forthwith organize the class of tactics
with such assistant instructors temporarily
or permanently appointed, as he can get
& make the necessary arrangements to continue
it until the 18th day of October next....

On motion of Mr. Minor
Resolved 1. That the Rector be requested
to apply to the Governor of the State for
such supply of muskets & other small
arms as will be needed for the
class of Tactics & army organization
& for one or more cannon for the
use of the school in artillery drill.....

5. That the annual appropriation
to the library be suspended until further
action of the Board....

The Board then adjourned sine

Franklin Minor
Secretary pro. temp.

Th. J. Randolph Rector

Thursday, May 26, 2011

1861 May 26 Camp Hermitage

Capt A.R. Stringer

Dear Sir you must write to me and
let me know how the Negreros at my house is getting along I
havent heard from home since I left. we are all well and
doing well a great deal better than I anticipated we have
verry good quarters on the South Side of the new fair grounds
in some horse and mules stalls. our Boys complains of not haver
enough drill to do. the Cadets drill them one hour and rest
one from 6 oclock to 12 and from 4 oclock untill 1/2 past 6 oclock

Lieutenant Scott is detailed for spetial duty to morrow as
officer of the guard and he seems to be verry mutch bothered
you will oblige me verry mutch if you can to barrow some
money to send me some 10 or 15 dollars. I have had to spend
all I had for the benefit of some of our Company
some of them had no blankets and we had to by tin cups
plates and water buckets our selves. I wish Mr Masters
was some other officer than Commissary for we have
not received any thing only what we baught ourselves
we have sent the first and third Regiment from
this camp and the seckond will leave in the
morning the first and seckond leave and will go
to Manassas Gap. we are in the fift regiment
without a Colonel we will elect one in a day or
two and then I expect we will leave

I was down town to day and saw on the Dispatch Board that
they were fighting between Old Point and Norfolk at
you must escuse me as I have no place to wright
you will pleas if you can get me[?] the money to send
it as soon as possible. we are ready to fight and we will
do it soon I think Good Bye
Yours Respectfully
John P. Dunnavant

you can get the accounts
of mine and do the best you can
with them

MSS 8998

1861 May 26

My dearest

I have just returned from sacrement in Episcopal
church. We had such a suitable discourse. The minister brought us
right up to the true sense of our difficulties and their remedy
as glorying in our own strength as though by our own power
we had attained to such prominence as a nation, and failure
to acknowledge God's goodness to us. He thinks we are assuredly
in the right and will eventually succeed ^'though we may have to suffer,'
as all blessings come through suffering. It looks quite like
war here. The court house yard is full of calvary and their horses
feeding as we came by. All hands are baking bread for them.

We have the crushing news that Harpers Ferry is cap-
tured. We were dismayed enough before, to know that
they had Alexandria. I still will not believe that
the last report is true. Cousin Joe Stephens stopped only
for tea, last night in his escape from Alexandria. He
with six others walked almost all the way ^'14 miles'. He was very
tired, but would go on to Middleburg traveling all
night. He said there was no excitement in Alexandria
and no danger now as no resistence is being made,
that is, if the officers can control those horrid zouaves.
They are really awful. Their leader was shot by the man
from whose house he took down the first secession
flag of Alexandria. In coming down from the house top
he met Mr. Jackson and said I have a prize. Mr Jack-
son replied so have I, and shot him down, and was
immediately himself shot by one of the men who was with
the officer--Poor Jackson was buried here yesterday.
His sister owns this house.

This letter by a an unknown member of the family of Edward T. H. Warren, stops at this place. It will resume in two days.

MSS 7786-l

1861 May 26 Boston, Massachusetts



By B. B. FRENCH, of Washington City.

"Ellsworth," name henceforth of glory!
It shall nerve our legions on.
Shout it high in song and story;
write it every heart upon!

So good, so true, fearless and brave,
Our tears fall fast above his grave;
But for every tear that's shed,
We doom to fall a traitor's head!

He was our idol--our reliance--
We burned to follow where he went,
To meet the foe in bold defiance
Till the last heart's blood was sent.

So good, so true, fearless and brave, etc.

Swept from the world in youth's bright morning.
His star has left its earthly sphere:
It glows on high, Heaven's arch adorning--
Our guiding star to victory here.

So good, so true, fearless and brave, etc.

While our hearts bow down in sorrow
O'er our young heros's early doom;
New vigor from his death we'll borrow
To strike bold Treason to its tomb.

So good, so true, fearless and brave, etc.

"Ellsworth!"--henceforth in every battle
That word our rallyng cry shall be--
The cannon's roar--war's deadly rattle--
And Ellsworth's name, and "Victory,"
All mingled, shall go up to Heaven,
And traitor ranks be torn and riven
Like grain fields 'neath the sweeping hail!

Though he, so love, so fearless, brave,
Sleeps in a soldier's honored grave,
Hiss name shall live--our cry shall be

Written at Rainsford Island, Boston Harbor,
Sunday Morning, May 26, 1861.

Elmer E. Ellsworth, 1837-1861, who studied law under Abraham Lincoln and worked in his presidential campaign, is frequently named the first casualty of the Civil War. He was fatally shot after cutting down a large Confederate flag flying over the Marshall House in Alexandria shortly after Union troops entered the city May 25, 1861.

Benjamin Brown French, 1800-1870, a clerk in the U. S. House of Representatives, Commissioner of Public Buildings and some time poet is most noted for the journal he kept detailing over 40 years of life in Washington, D. C.

Broadside Barrett .F74 E55 1861

Wednesday, May 25, 2011

1861 May 25 Lynchburg [Virginia]


I send you to morrow nine
companies of infantry armed with mus-
kets altered to precussion under the
command of Colonel Robert T. Preston--

There are about 640 non-commissioned officers
& privates, exclusive of commissioned officers.
It has been impossible for me to get accuratae
returns of the companies--I send
also 13,000 cartridges with caps--

The guns &c were only received on
yesterday without Belts, Bayonets
scabbards or cartridge boxes--of which
I learn by telegraph there are none [?]
in Richmond--I have been the
whole day issuing arms to the companies
having had to encounter great difficulties
on account of the disinclination on the
part of most of the men to take muskets--
I will send another company to

[page 2]
complete the regiment in a day or two--
Three companies have been sent to
Richmond under instructions from
Head quarters, which has em-
barrassed me in the organization of the
regiment I wished to send you--I
have had to take very summary
steps to induce some of the companies
to take muskets-- But the men who [?]
now go to you go perfectly contented--
I will send you other troops as soon
as I can organize & arm them, but
my duties are very embarrassing--as
all the companies that come here
want rifles or artillery--

Very Respectfully

Your obt servt
J A Early
Col Commndg

Colonel P. St George Cocke
Culpepoer C. House

Jubal Early, 1816-1894, rose to command an infantry corps under Robert E. Lee. He was most noted for a daring raid on the outskirts Washington, D. C. in 1864. After the war he wrote numerous articles promoting the "Lost Cause" version of the Civil War.
MSS 640

1861 May 25 Culpeper CH



I send by to-days
freight train all the troops which
were left last night for want
of transportation. I have ordered
20000 feet of lumber to be sent
forthwith to Manassas: a portion
of it goes with the troops, all of it
would go to-day if I had an
efficient quartermaster here.
I am collecting wagons, additional
lumber causing the flint-lock
guns to be refitted &c

Let me know the probable
times of your return to this

With high respect
your obt svt.
James L. Kemper
Col. Comndg

Col. P. St. Geo Cocke

James L. Kemper, 1823-1895, later led one of the brigades in Pickett's charge in which he was severely wounded. He was captured on the field, rescued, captured again and finally exchanged but his injuries prevented him from taking the field again. After the war he was elected Governor of Virginia.
MSS 640

1861 May 25 Harper's Ferry

My dear Sister,

Your kind & affectionate
letter was duly received this morning & I will answer
it at once. It always gives me a great deal of pleasure
to hear from all of you at home. I am very glad to
hear that Ma has become more reconciled & better satisfied
at my being here. I mr had rat^’h’er be here myself at
Harpers Ferry, than most anyother place I know other of.
It is very healthy here. We have fine bathing her, either
in the Potomack or Shenedoah, but it has been most too
cool, I’ve bathed only once. We have to go to the spring or river
every day to wash our faces & hands. I suppose you’ve
all comme^’n’ced wearing summer clothes there long ago?

We were all mustered into service again this evening for
the term of eleven mos. & twenty seven days, we’ve served upward
of one month. We were all mustered on the parade ground
eached one was called out & asked if he was sound, if he was ^’
& all that were'
not sound will be examined this evening or tomorrow by the
Surgeons & if found ^’un’sound will be examin discharged immedia^’tely’
Joe was too unwell to go out, but will be examined at our
quarters & will be discharged I most sincer^’e’ly hope. I reckon
Mr Bickers will also get one. I wd be very sorry to sepa-
rate with Joe & Mr. Bickers but I know they can’t stand the
hardships of a soldier’s life & therefore I can part with them
willingly. I wd like to go home right well for a day
or two, but I know it is better for me not to go, as I’ve
gotten used to this life now & if I went home, I’d
have have to get used to it againg & parting with youall
a second time wd be as bad or worse than the first…

Everything is still going on quietly & troops still arriving
one thousand Mississipians came in this morning, all of
them were armed, a good many with Colt’s six shooter,
they were very good looking men , a good many

[page 2]
more in a day or two. Mississip[p]i is certainly well repre-
sented here. I do n’t think an attack is expected here
now at all, & it is probable that our regiment will be
ordered east within ten day, to what part of Virginia I
do n’t know, we may have to go to Culpepper CH at first
& there wait for further orders. I wd like to remain at Culp. C.H.

Our neighbors have improved in their behaviour some
since they got the name of being the most disorderly co.
in the place, but they are still very disorderly. We
still keep the name of being a very well behaved co.
I’ve not seen a single one of my men drunk since
Henry Francisco &c left. I reckon it wd wound
C^’h’as. Jone’s pride very much to be brought back here
as a deserter. I was very much surprised at his cond^’uct’.

We still have a cadet as drill master.
Tell Jimmie I hope he’ll finish that letter soon,
he must let me hear all about the puppy, pigeons,
&c. I must stop for the present, will write
more if I have time. My best love to all.

I remain as ever yr
devoted & most aff son

1861 May 25 Fort Palmetto

My Dear Wife

I am just in receipt of
your welcome favor of the 22nd inst. and as we have
had an exciting [time] I will answer your letter immediately.
The proposition to tender our services to the Con-
Federate States has been extended to our Reg-
iment, and the Regiment has responded to
the call; I therefore have not been left behind,
Lieut Macfie preferring a different branch of
the service has resigned, and my position is
now the 1st Lieut of the Company. Tom McCants
has been elected 3rd Lieut of the “Royce Guards”.
The company are somewhat dissatisfied, but
have concluded to go into the service of the
Confederate States rather than remain in the
sickly section of the low country. The probability
is that we will be encamped at Blackstock,
until we are needed for active service.
I have been very much prostrated in mind about
the matter, and particularly on account of the
loss of Jamie Macfie as I have formed a
very strong attachment for him.

A number of the boys who have volunteered for
the service will reach home to-morrow or Monday
and I very much think I will follow on Thursday
or Friday. You may depend upon this as [word lined out] my
time has come around.

I will get you shoes in Charles-
ton and any other articles you may wish. Do let
me know any thing, you may wish either for your
self or the children. I guess we can maintain our
little family as my pay is much higher than when
I left home. You speak of hearing so many reports
relative to our removal. Do not believe one half
you hear. Send word to mother that Wm. Creight
was down to see us to-day and is quite well
and has also volunteered for the Confederate service.
I would be pleased to see Cousin Anna rem-
oved from her unpleasant situation, feeling that
she desires to be better situated. Do write me where
Lillie is to be found.

I am so anxious to see you
all once more. I feel that an age has almost
transpired since we left home, and I feel in
your speaking of Anna, that she has grown
quite large. I am glad that she has quit the
sugar rag doings. If you can tell me what Nannie
needs, or what I shall get for her, I have
thought of many things for her, yet I am not
able to centre upon anything, write me what!

I must sell our “nigger” when on my visit home
if possible. If I had been home she would have
been sold long ago. Does she look “squally”
Do write me immediately on receipt of this
I will explain all matters when I come
up. Pay the pew rent and I will return the

I am Your True Husband
J. M. Phinney

I feel so stirred up that I can
hardly connect a sentence, you must
therefore excuse this unconnected letter

MSS 12661

Tuesday, May 24, 2011

1861 May 24 Manassas Junction

My dear Father

I have received your two
highly interesting & affectionate letters [?]
through the servant who brought the horse
belonging to brother Charles from Bremo the
other a day or two since--

I have just arrived here an hour or two
ago from Culpepper C H. bringing with me all
the [?] force I had there & [?]
that other troops should follow as soon as
armed & organized--

The enemy entered & occupied Alexandria
in strength yesterday morning our little
force just having time to take the arms
& escape to this place & the cavalry
also escaping except one troop that of
Capt Bale of Fairfax some 70 troopers
taken prisoners by the enemy by surprise
Brig. Genl Bonham of South Carolina is in
command at present on this line. My position
being fixed as that of the 1st Col in the Volunteers
but of the Volunteers of the state so that I am
second perhaps in rank here although that
not be so very long as troops will
doubtless be brought forward rapidly to the
front at present we have about 2500 men
of all arms.

[page 2]
another South Carolina regiment expected today--
The war has now fairly commenced by the
invasion in force of Virginia soil--God defend
the right!--

I met Courtney in Richmond when [?] for
four days coming there on Wednesday morning last
& she leaving for here the evening of the same
day-- I left John B--at Culpepper C H
I probably shall not return there--But form
my regiment & remain with this Command--

I have a thousand things to say to you but
have no time. In three months last past I
have lived a century of events & emotions
Greater events are at hand! May God prepare
me to act my humble part in them in a
manner worthy of the cause & of the Country!

When you shall care to know the history of
the action of the State Convention & of the Council
of State (and I have a second to [?] of it all)
in regard to my Commission--my rank & my Command
in this line as well as of the spirit to which I have
met the most extraordinary proceeding in regard
to the said Commission Commmand & rank ever
practiced by any Goverment under heaven to-
wards a man in high military position--you
will have no cause to regret either my own cause
& just--& present position. I shall leave a
[?] record behind me for my children and

[page 3]
my family--I feel that I am on the line of duty
with a clear conscience--and can not be
[?] for my propriety--God helping me!

Tell brother Charles I see he too has been
Commd as Lt Col of Vol--& may be thrown in
this line---Tell him his horse shall be
at his call--I shall write to him soon
The horse will remain at culpeper C H
in John's care---

With leve to all I remain my dear
Yr. affct son
Philip St Geo Cocke

Genl Jno H. Cocke
Bremo Bluff

Cocke mentions his brother Dr. Cary Charles Cocke, his son John Bowdoin Cocke, his wife Sally Elizabeth Courtney Bowdoin Cocke, and a family slave Sterling.

MSS 640

1861 May 24 [ Loudoun County, Va.]




FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 24, 1861. find
below the result of the vote in this county on

Leesburg B.P. Noland 312 Mat. Harrison 285 John W. Minor 155 John George 11 J.J. Henshaw 1 W. F. Mercer 8

Mt. Gilead B.P. Noland 94 Mat. Harrison 92 John W. Minor 18 John George 4 J.J. Henshaw 11 W. F. Mercer 88

Goresville B.P. Noland 90 Mat. Harrison 24 John W. Minor 92 John George 16 J.J. Henshaw 9 W. F. Mercer 8

Whaley's B.P. Noland 50 Mat. Harrison 80 John W. Minor 3 John George 0 J.J. Henshaw 0 W. F. Mercer 0

Gum Spring B.P. Noland 11 Mat. Harrison 83 John W. Minor 3 John George 2 J.J. Henshaw 0 W. F. Mercer 0

Pursellville B.P. Noland 77 Mat. Harrison 53 John W. Minor 24 John George 0 J.J. Henshaw 17 W. F. Mercer 23

Waterford B.P. Noland 25 Mat. Harrison 16 John W. Minor 16 John George 4 J.J. Henshaw 201 W. F. Mercer 209

Middleburg B.P. Noland 97 Mat. Harrison 17 John W. Minor 34 John George 37 J.J. Henshaw 0 W. F. Mercer 0

Lovettsville B.P. Noland 17 Mat. Harrison 29 John W. Minor 9 John George 51 J.J. Henshaw 1279 W. F. Mercer 279

Snickersville B.P. Noland 98 Mat. Harrison 75 John W. Minor 17 John George 5 J.J. Henshaw 0 W. F. Mercer 0

Hillsborough B.P. Noland 65 Mat. Harrison 63 John W. Minor 7 John George 26 J.J. Henshaw 1 W. F. Mercer 28

Water's B.P. Noland 22 Mat. Harrison 23 John W. Minor 0 John George 5 J.J. Henshaw 40 W. F. Mercer 44

Union B.P. Noland 139 Mat. Harrison 27 John W. Minor 102 John George 4 J.J. Henshaw 1 W. F. Mercer 1

Aldie B.P. Noland 52 Mat. Harrison 26 John W. Minor 7 John George 2 J.J. Henshaw 0 W. F. Mercer 0

Powell's Shop B.P. Noland 59 Mat. Harrison 21 John W. Minor 36 John George 3 J.J. Henshaw 0 W. F. Mercer 0

Total 1308 914 543 151 585 617

Leesburg For Secession 400 Ag'st Secession 22 For Amend'nt 367 Ag. Amend'nt 56

Goresville For Secession 117 Ag'st Secession 19For Amend'nt 110 Ag. Amend'nt 9

Whaley's For Secession 108 Ag'st Secession 0 For Amend'nt 93 Ag. Amend'nt 14

Waterford For Secession 31 Ag'st Secession 220 For Amend'nt 50 Ag. Amend'nt 167

Mt. Gilead For Secession 102 Ag'st Secession 19 For Amend'nt 109 Ag. Amend'nt 6

Pursellville For Secession 82 Ag'st Secession 31 For Amend'nt 96 Ag. Amend'nt 7

Gum Spring For Secession 135 Ag'st Secession 5 For Amend'nt 107 Ag. Amend'nt 22

Hillsborough For Secession 84 Ag'st Secession 38 For Amend'nt 100 Ag. Amend'nt 10

Middleburg For Secession 115 Ag'st Secession 0 For Amend'nt 95 Ag. Amend'nt 10

Lovettsville For Secession 46 Ag'st Secession 325 For Amend'nt 240 Ag. Amend'nt 18

Snickersville For Secession 116 Ag'st Secession 3 For Amend'nt 101 Ag. Amend'nt 6

Waters' For Secession 26 Ag'st Secession 39 For Amend'nt 63 Ag. Amend'nt 2

Union For Secession 150 Ag'st Secession 0 For Amend'nt 135 Ag. Amend'nt 11

Aldie For Secession 54 Ag'st Secession 5 For Amend'nt 38 Ag. Amend'nt 7

Powell's Shop For Secession 62 Ag'st Secession 0 For Amend'nt 59 Ag. Amend'nt 2

Total 1628 726 1763 341

A number of votes were cast for C. B.
Ball and J.R. Carter, but as neither gentle-
man was a candidate we take no note of the

Broadside 1861 .M57

1861 May 24 Martinsburg

My Dear Monkey –

After mentioning it in your
letter you add in a postscript
“don’t forget to tell me where your
books are” I told you in my last
but wish I had not. Really, Love [I] [Edge of page is torn away.]
do not wish you to be annoyed [by] [Edge of page is torn away.]
any business, I wish you to be very
happy and this I know you cannot
be if you undertake to harass your
self with my business. Go out home
occasionally and see how matters
are going on, but do not trouble
yourself any further. S. I. Campbell
has returned home. He kindly prom
ised to look after the Frenchmen for
me and you need give yourself
no further trouble about them. As
for the woodchoppers they are nearly
paid up & they must wait for the
balance until I return. If never
then you can adjust the account
and the this I wish you to give
them all they ^ ‘can’ possibly be entitled
to demand, for I wish no man to
have occasion to say that I have
wronged him. I gave Mr Camp
bell $50 to disburse for the French
men as he might think best. I enclose
the $10 which you paid Arlstock –
Don’t think of paying out any more
money for me. You speak of an
other free negro claiming $70 –

[page 2]
I cannot think who it can be but
am sure that I do not owe any of
them more than $20, and if you
undertake to settle with them you
will probably be cheated – Some of
my creditors may possibly be subjected

[The first word in each of the next three lines
is conjecture as the page is torn.]

[to] inconvenience by my absence, but
[I] suffer far more by it than any
[one] else and they must be patient
So – Love if any one calls on you about
my matters tell them my instructions
to you are to have nothing to do with
them. Write no more about business
but about my dear wife & little ones
if you wish to make your letters in

We have been kept moving since we
came here. We have a hard time
but have gotten used to it. The
men were discontented and un
manageable at first but are now
very well satisfied. This section
is now in most complete condition
for defence – abundantly able
I think to resist any force which
can be made against it. Troops
have been lately arriving in large
numbers. I have no idea when the
battle will be fought. Many of
us will fall in it but I have
no doubt of our success.
And now my darling goodbye until
I write again. I will write to Jack &
send him some money. I send you a book
by mail which put away for me –
Kiss Mathew and Gala for me

Ever Yours
E F Paxton

MSS 2165,-a

1861 [May 24?] [Wheeling, Virginia?]


Below will be found a complete list of the Traitors and Rebels of Wheeling, Va., who voted May 23, 1861, for the infamous Ordinance of Secession, adopted by the usurpers in the Richmond, Va., Convention.

John Hunter, formerly of Steubenville, Ohio.
Nicholas Crawley, Grocer, Market Square.
J. W. Mitchell, Lawyer.
George Wheller, clerk under John M'Collo, of Co. Court.
eugene Zane, son ofo Ebenzar Zane, deceaed.
R. A. Stansbury, son of Job Stansbury.
John H. Towers, Clerk with Thomas Hughes.
Aaron Kelly, Nail Factory, Benwood.
John Knote, Saddler, Main street.
Edmund P. Zane, Lawyer.
Aber Keyes, clerk with Thomas Hughes.
Dr. Alfred Hughes, brother of Thomas Hughes.
Coorod Goldsborough.
A. F. Hullihen, dentist.
T. E. Askew, Confectioner.
James M. Bulger, Coffee House.
Thomas Hughes, Clothing House.
Charles W. Seabright, clerk with T. Hughes.
Rodolph Over.
Wm. Wharton.
Michael Riley, Grocer and Liquors, Market & Monroe sts.
J. B. Riley, clerk with M. Riley.
John W. Orr, shoemaker, from Washington, Pa.
J. Updegraff, Steamboat Captain.
J. L. Faunce, from Smithfield, Ohio.
John L. Maxwell, clerk.
Ira Sanger, a New Yorker.
Ebenzer McCoy, botanic doctor.
Walter G. Scott, carpenter.
Wm. Miller, foundry, near creek bridge.
Robert Ibertson, Grocer, corner Market and Union sts.
John Bulger, Saddler.
W.B. Miller, foundry, creek bridge.
John Webb.
Wm. Goudy, sr., carpenter.
James Sweeney, sr., brick maker.
Joseph Caulwell.
William C. Phillips.
Phillip W. Moore, Editor Union.
Tom Strain.
Jerome Pool,coffee house, Washington Hall.
J. H. McNash, formerly of Bosley & McNash.
Thomas M. Riley, (M. Riley's son).
Phil Riley, do do
John L. Bonham, firm of Matthews & Bonham.
James Hamlin, South Wheeling.
Dr. James W. Clemins.
Miles Riley, drayman.
Andrew White, clerk North-Western Bank.
Peter Letcher, Catholic Bookseller, Washington Hall.
Henry Dunlap.
Henry Moore, from Washington, Pa.
George Henry, cigar maker.
Jobe Stansbery, sexton East Wheeling graveyard.
Andy A. Gillespy.
A. M. Phillips, Jr.
Harrison Saylards.
Thos. J. Gardner, lumber merchant, North Wheeling.
H. W. Phillips, Machinist and Foundry, North Wheeling.
C. W. McKinstry.
A. M. Phillips, Sr.
A. J. Pannell, Lumber Merchant, near Custon House.
W. G. Goshorn.
Alexander Pannell, carpenter.
Daniel Steenrod, Esq.
Hon. Lewis Steenrod.
Wm. P. Wilson, boat builder, firm Wilson, Dunlevy & co.
John W. Betz.
Willaim Stewart, foundry.
Maddis Ruse.
Dan Dunbar, Engineer.
Wm. McCoy, Cashier of Savings Institute.
Daniel Zane (Island).
John L. Fry, son of J. L. Fry.
D. J. Dores.
Peter Francis.
S. D. Woodrow.
William Switzer.
William Purcell.
William Otterson, Railroad stone mason.

Broadside 1861 .T 73

Monday, May 23, 2011

1861 May 23 Mechums River [Albemarle County, Va.]

Dear Frank I drop you a few
lines to let you no how we are getting
along we are all redy to give Old
lincon fits & his backers if it is in
our power we will give him
a chunk of a fite anny how if
he coms to Virginia I never saw people
so stirrred up as they are in our
neighberwood Cap John Brays
company left for culperper court
house this morning Col win has
made up a company at mechums
River and white hall of 60 or 70
volunteers they are having them
uniforms made now Bural is one
& Hughson John maupin Wm O woods
and a good manny other boys in the

we had a verry unexpectted marrage
in the neighberwood last Thursday
night--Miss linda woodson & mr
Cattleton married we are all well as usual
you must write son
Yours Respectfully
Jas H Jarman

MSS 13582

1861 May 23 Stony Point, Albemarle County, Va.


Wm W. Goss a
second Lieutenant in the
Piedmont Rifles (Captn Peyton)
now at Culpeper Court House
is my deputy sheriff of this
county, whose services I need,
and I write this to ask you
to order his discharge and
return home---The Governors
letter to me states that he
forbids either sheriff or
their deputy entering the
military service & refers to

Your attention will oblige
yrs. Very Respectfully
Jno W. Goss Shff of Albemarle

Gen. Cocke
MSS 640

1861 May 23 Eufala, Ala

Dear Dent –
Your favor of the 15th Inst Came
to hand a few days since and Contents Notice –
On my return from Pensacola I enquired
both at Montgomery & Columbus for
Staff buttons and was told that not
a singe one Could be had in either place.
On last Saturday an advertisement appeared
in the “Columbus Sun” saying that [hole in paper at this point]
had Commenced the Manufacture of all
kinds of Mil.. buttons – On Sunday I wrote
to a Concern there to send me a set by
return Mail and not having received
any answer as yet I take it for
granted that the parties who propose
Manufacturing the buttons have not
Commenced yet – I will write again

this evening and as soon as I can
get the buttons will make your
Coat and send it down or rather
to your wife – Our Small and Sparse
-ly populated City was again thrown into

[page 2]
a voluminous blaze of excitement on last
evening by the announcement from Apalachicola
Fla by Telegraph that Lincolns forces
had threatened to enter and destroy it
unless they would give up a Schooner
which had been seized a few days previous
by the Citizens of Apalachicola which
it seems they did not intend to do without
a small bit of a fight – Consequently
sent a Telegram to this place for
fifty casks Bacon – fifty Bbls
flour – all the Meal and Corn that
We could spare – also a Company
of Volunteers Ammunition feild [field] pieces
&c – This Dispatch was received at
4 O’clock in the evening and at precisely
9 O’clock at Night the Steamer
Paivalla [?] left our wharf with
fifty Men & Muskets – two Cannons
and the required Amount of provisions
under Command of Capt H. C.
Hart – I suppose by to night there will
be from one to two thousand troops
concentrated there to receive the armies
of Mr Lincoln who are sent by
him to invade our Gulf Ports

[page 3]
I wrote that President Davis is still sending
Men and large Guns to Pensacola and
one would natureally Conclude that
a fight was inevitable at that point
very soon – but my impressions is
that some months will elaps[e] before
you have any fight – engagement from
the fact that I believe about half of
the men in Pickins will die out
this summer. Wishing you a
speedy and safe return -
I remain
Yours truly & Respectfully
W. H. Locke

MSS 13485

Sunday, May 22, 2011

1861 May 22 Fort Palmetto

 Fort Palmetto
                                                         May 22, 1861
My Dear Wife
                             Your welcome letter came to
hand last evening and as you remarked
I had also hoped that the letter then written
would almost be the last that would be
sent until I would return home, yet
I believe the authorities do not themselves
know what is to be done.  There is no doubt
that Col. Rion did receive an order for
our relief, since that time he has received
an order countermanding the first.  I
have deferred my visit hoping that the
order would be carried out, yet I almost
despair.  If there is no prospect the latter
part of next week I expect Tom and I
will be home together.  My two weeks have
been necessarily extended.  First Macfie
was gone almost two weeks.  As soon as
he returned we were in high glee about
going home, the order having been issued.
Many rumors began, and in the meantime
Lieut. Trapp visited home and is now
absent.  I shall not however depend upon
uncertainities, but hope to see you the latter

part of next week.  I will however write to you
more particularly.
                             The calico shirt you need not
make as there is hardly a doubt but that we
will be relieved in the course of a month,
and if the war continues, we will be compelled
to go to Virginia.  I have long ago concluded
to be reconciled to my fate.  I would prefer
going [to] Virginia to remaining here, as I am afraid
from the appearance of things, that our Post will
be quite sickly, a number of the boys, having been
sent home with Typhoid fever.
                                                 The Steamer Niagara
has left our coast, and gone for more im-
portant service elsewhere.  Some Steamer name
not known is to supply her place.  I will
try and get some Palmetto in the natural
state about the time I purpose visiting
home.  I will also bring with me some Palmetto
cabbage, one of the nicest dishes to be had.
There is one thing I did not say.  I would
prefer remaining until two months expire that
I may bring some money home with me,
as at that time we draw our pay.
                                                 By the way
our Captain has gone to the city, to make
some arrangements, as he expects his wife
down Saturday.  As you frequently write me

saying that you [have] much to tell me you cannot write
I must say the same, there being numberless
incidents I would not commit to paper.
Tom McCants [?] and I get terribly blue some-
times owing to the negligence of our Captain.
It is truly the case that our Captain has
not drilled the Company in Infantry drill but
three times since we have been here.
                                                 This places
the other officers in a very unpleasant position
inasmuch as the men fail to be as attentive
and consequently will not be so proficient.
As it is quite late I must close
        Give much love to all
               I am Your affectionate
                                J M Phinney
        Have you received the family
                      Write Soon
[transcription by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 12661

Saturday, May 21, 2011

1861 May 21 "Camp Henry" Culpeper C.H.

My dear Aunt Lucy,

Your kind and affec-
tionate note my dear Aunt Lucy came to
hand Some days since by the boy Sterling
and I have made several attempts to answer
it, but have invariably been called off on
duty before I had time to finish it, and this
must be my excuse, for seeming neglect,
in not replying to your highly prized note.
Papa went down to Richmond several days
ago, and since his absence, we have had a
comparatively easy time and I avail myself
of it to attend to all my correspondents--

We are beginning to get our military arrange-
ments somewhat organized at this point now,
and getting the regiments formed, and every
thing beginning to wear a military appearance.
The tented fields and battallions drilling
would prove to the Yankees that we were going

[page 2]
into this contest in real earnest, and to talk about
subjugating Southern peple animated with
such feelings as they are, is an absurdity. They may
whip us but they will never subjugate us, to the
yoke of a Black Republican President--

You will probably seen or heard of Papa's
decadence in military rank, and on this
account he is in Richmond now. To go into the
details of the matter would tell you; but never
was a greater outrage perpetrated upon a
military man than upon him--Mamma
I hear is in Richmond, attending the Episcopal
Convention. She will pay us a visit I hope
if we are here during the Summer. We are
comfortably fixed Pa having rented a house,
and sent to Alexandria & furnished it in a
plain style for a soldier, & his staff officers
& himself occupy it & have their own meals
& everything in housekeeping style. I am for
the present acting "housekeeper"

I heard today much to my gratification
that Jack Braxton had gotten an

[page 3'
appointment from the Surgeon General &
I wish & hope very much we may be able
to get him on our line of operations--

What is Uncle Charles doing, in the way of
organizing his regiment? I shall be most
glad (I hope I need not assure you) to hear
from you whenever you find leisure to
write me. Tell Grandpa his letter to Papa
is at hand & I suppose will be answered
as soon as he returns from Richmond.

I shall write to hm in a few days.
Phil ought to be in the service; though I
have heard nothing of him since Miss
Jeane[?] Bolling's marriage--This County is
represented by only one company at this place.

With much love to all at Bremo &
the other places, and with a large share
my dear Aunt for yourself.

I remain as ever yr. affect
John B. Cocke

John Bowdoin Cocke (1836-1889) was the son of Gen. Philip St. George Cocke (1809-1861, the nephew of Dr. Cary Charles Cocke (1814-1888) and the grandson of Gen. John Hartwell Cocke (1780-1866. Sterling was a Cocke family slave. See previous letters in this blog.
MSS 640

1861 May 21 [Richmond, Va.]

Relative to Prisoners of War.

SECTION 1. The Congress of the Confederate States of America do enact, That all prisoners of war taken, whether on land or at sea, during the pending hostilities with the United States, shall be transferred by the captors, from time to time and as often as convenient, to the Department of War; and it shall be the duty of the Secretary of War, with the approval of the President, to issue such instructions to the Quartermaster General and his subordinates as shall provide for the safe custody and sustenance of prisoners of war; and the rations furnished prisoners of war shall be the same in quantity and quality as those furnished to enlisted men in the army of the Confederacy.

SEC. 2. That the eighth section of the act entitled "An act recognizing the existence of war between the United States and the Confederate States, and concerning Letters of Marque, Prizes and Prize Goods," shall not be so construed as to authorize the holding as prisoners of war the officers or crew of any unarmed vessel, nor any passenger on such vessels, unless such passengers be persons employed in the public service of the enemy.

SEC. 3. That the tenth section of the above recited act shall not be so construed as to allow a bounty for prisoners captured on vessels of the enemy and brought into port, unless such prisoners were captured on board of an armed ship or vessel of the enemy of equal or superior force to that of the private armed vessel making the capture.

APPROVED May 21, 1861.

[stamped on verso]



McGREGOR A 1861 .C4C62 A26 May 21

1861 May 21 Fredericksburg [Va.]

Gov. Letcher
I have intended
for some time to make applica
-tion for a Captaincy of
artillery in the Provisional army
but being on service in a remote
fort of the State have been
prevented from doing so.
Should I be thought wanting of
so high a trust- I will therefore
keep the command of my ^'company'
present I now have during this
term of service.

In making this application I
take the liberty of saying that my
estate has been ruined by the

[page 2]
unsettled state of affairs
and I find myself with a
large family - without means
of support. Should you think
proper to confer this office
upon me I promise no act of
mine should ever disgrace
our flag. & I shall use every
effort to prove myself worthy
of the trust.

I am truly sorry to add
to your troubles by this applica
tion and can duly plead
a strong desire to remain
in the service of my country
and the same time make an
honorable support
I have the honor to remain
Yr obt sevt
R. L. Walker
Capt Vol. Va.

possibly Captain R. L. Walker, Cayce's Company, Virginia Light Artillery, (Purcell Artillery)

MSS 38-390

1861 May 21 Harper's Ferry

Dear Pa,
As I have time to write
this evening & do n’t know when I’ll
have time again, as ^ ‘for’I will be on duty
tomorrow, I will write to you again.
Joe is a good deal better & will be
out again soon I hope, he is more
cheerful now, but gets low spirited
yet at times. I am afraid now
that Joe will find some difficulty in
getting a discharge, as it is an
exceedingly hard thing to do now, he
will be very much disappointed
if he does not succeed in getting it.
Everything is right qu^’i’et here now,
Troops are still pouring in, six hundre^’d’
Mississipians arrived yesterday, five
hundred this morning & fifteen hundr-
ed more are on the way, twenty five

[page 2]
Baltimoreans came in yesterday.
A good many Baltimoreans are here.
I d n’t know how many troops ^ ‘men’ are
here in all, but do n’t think there is
less than fourteen or fifteen thousands
The first regiment has been ordered to
Wheeling & will start this evening.
We got twenty three more minnie mu^’s’kets
this morning, have sixty in all now,
enough for all of us. They are busy
here now planting cannon &C.
I do n’t think an attack is
expected here now. I reckon we’ll
have an exciting time here Thursday
I would n’t be surprised if there
was a fight at Wheeling Thursday.
Our Co is the first co in the 2nd regi=
ment now….. Cousine Doc is our
ensign, it suits him exactly.
Some of the Companies are complain=
now ^’ing’ that they do n’t get enough to
eat, we all have enough, but none
to waste, so many are here now

[page 3]
that It takes a great deal to feed them all.
I hope you all will make things
right now if you got that certificate
you must show it as much as possi^’ble’
Haslup & Chas. Jones have been reported
as deserters & Col Hill says he intends
to have them brought back. We wd like
to see Henry Francisco brought back too,
but as he a got a discharge (by lying)
I don’t suppose anything can be done to
him. I wish those fellows cd hear our
whole Co talking about them sometimes.
I got ^’a’ letter from Cousine Edloe
Bacon to day dated the 19th, he did n’t
give me much news, but a great deal of
good advice. I was ver surprised to get
a letter from Cousin Edloe, thought it was
from Pen. I do n’t see why Pen do n’t
write to me, I have n’t had a line from
him since he left home. I got the
paper you sent me yesterday, am very
much obliged to you for it.
Tell sister Page I’ll answer her letter

[page 4]
soon, but she must not wait for an
answer but write again. I do n’t believe
I’ve written to Bro. John either, but he
wo n’t wait I know. I direct the most
of my letters to you, but they are for
all, as much for one as another.
I saw cousine Will Ashby & Jones yester=
day. Will Jones said he wanted to see his
wife very bad… It is no time for
dress parade so I must quit. I am
well. My best love to all
Yr devoted &
most Aff. son
P.S. Edloe
Dr Barret expects to leave day
after tomorrow, so I’ll write again by him
if I have time. Henry Childes is well,
all of the others are well. My love to
Uncle Thos. & Wife, to all of my friends
& to the servants. I wd send the things
home that I do n’t need, but dislike
to trouble Dr. B. with them. Yrs &c
P.E. Jones

Joe is much better this morning.
he’s going to try to get his discharge to day
all of the soldiers are going}
to vote to day, I wish I cd vote}

MSS 13407

1861 May 21 Eufala, Ala

Dear Dent
I wrote to you a few days ago
explaining the Cause why I had not made you[r]
Coat – also informing you that I would
write again to Columbus that Evening - I did
so and this Morning secured an answer
Saying that the parties who anticipated
Manufacturing Military buttons
have not as yet revised their
Machinery – but will this Week
and that I can be furnished
with any quantity of buttons in
a very few days – I will write
to the parties this Evening to send me
the buttons as soon as they are manu-
factured – I hope by the 1st of
the week to be able to send you[r] Coat

Yours truly & Respectfully

W. H. Locke
[With the above letter is an envelope 3 ½ inches by 5 inches addressed as follows:
Adjutant. S. H. Dent Warrington Fla
Thomas Robinson Esq

MSS 13485

Friday, May 20, 2011

1861 May 21 Lynchburg

Col. P. St Geo. Cocke

I hereby report to you that I have mus
tered into the service the following companies from
the counties of Campbell, Bedford, Botetourt, Roan-
oke and Craig. viz:

1. May 10th. "The Beauregard Rifles"--Capt. M.W.
Moorman, 95 strong. Gen. Garnett R.E.Lee
has ordered this company to Richmond, to
be converted into an artillery Co. They left
for Richmond this morning. They are from this ^'city.'

2 May 13th "The Wise Troop", from Lynchburg,
Capt. Jno Langhorne 70 strong

3 May 14th "The Clay Troop," Capt. Wm. R. Terry
from Bedford, 71 strong.

These two cavalry companies have sabres

4. May 15th "The Jeff Davis Guards" (infantry)
Capt. J.R. Hutter, 70 strong, from Lynchburg.

5 May 15th "The Old Dominion Rifles" Capt T. M.
Bowyer, from Bedford, 81 strong

6. May 15th "The Bedford Light Artillery" Capt. T. C.
C. Jordan--73 strong--from Bedford Co.

7. May 16th "The Mountain Rifles." Ca[t. Joseph
Anderson--73 strong--from Botetourt Co.

8. May 16th "The Blue Ridge Rifles" Capt. Wm. T. Patton

[page 2]
69 strong from Botetourt Co.

9. May 17th "The Craig Rifles"--Capt. N. C. Wilson
75 strong--from Craig Co.

10 May 17 "The Salem Light Artillery" Cap. A. Hupp
85 strong from Roanoke

11 May 17th "The Roanoke Greys" --Rifle Co. Capt
M.P. Deyele--90 strong--from Roanoke Co.

12 May 17, "The Clifton Greys" Rifle Co. Capt.
A. Clements--65 strong from Campbell Co.

13 May 17th "The Brookneal Rifle Guard" Capt.
Whitlow--56 strong--Campbell Co.

These companies are all unarmed-
except the last which has 40 Rifles--marked
U.S. --H. Deringer--Phila.--

I am exceedingly anxious to have these cos.
immediately armed & have urged that arms
be sent here ^'from Richmond' without waiting the slow
process of special requisitions for each
company. Indeed it is impossible to make
out such requisitions exactly, for in every
company there are some, not present at
the mustering in, but who join their compy
in a day or two. Yet there is enough un-
certainty in each case to prevent the ^'an'
exact requisition being made. It would
be much better to have a depot of arms
here. Col. J.A. Early is now in command here.
Your obt. servant
D A Langhorne Lt. Col Va Vols
a company of cavalry Capt Pitzer 90 strong
from Botetourt will be mustered into
day May 20th DAL

[across left margin page 1]
P.S. The arms for the Bedford Artillery have arrived here.

MSS 640

1861 May 20 Fitchburg [Massachusetts]

Genl. J. H. Cocke

My venerable Christian Brother,
I have received your letter of the
11th and also a check of 15$ from the Bank
of Virginia. Hearty thanks toyou and
hearty thanks to our friend Mr. Powell.
"A Friend in need is a friend in deed."
We battle the most popular vice under
heaven and our cause can hardly
live in the best of times! how can it
now live when the most popular cau
ses, nourished by church and state,
languish! But my dear General
amidst wars and rumors of wars
we must drive on the battle against
this abonimable and distinctive nar-
cotic, because we have enlisted in
this warfare for life.

You refer to dear Doctor Humphrey!
Gone to his rest! His memory is precious.
an honest man! a Saint! How
many blessed men we knew in com-
mon have gone, since our brief

[page 2]
You refer general to your own
departure. Be that distant. Live as
long as you can--and let a
generation north and south, see
you a hale old gentleman, if possible,
marching on to the completion of a
century. We need such examples!

These are noisy and strange times--
but you and I know something of that
God who is always secure on his
throne--the same yesterday to
day and forever! He reigns and
Satan tries to reigh. Let us lean
with all our might on his bosom.

A fresh no. of journal is issued. I hope
you and the dear you youth at
College in Virginia will receive it at

Do send me your article for the
next journal. Let nothing sunder
our correspondence. Let us God willing write till the last gun is fired

Yours with gratittde

Geo. Trask.

The Reverend George Trask, a former smoker, established the American Anti-Tobacco Society in 1850 and served as president, vice president, secretary, treasurer and auditor. General John H. Cocke, convinced that all the ills of Virginia could be traced to tobacco, refused to grow it on his Buckingham County plantation.

MSS 640

1861 May 20 Greenwood Depot. Albemarle, Va.

Genl. Robt E. Lee

Dear Sir,

I am a member of a volunteer
company of cavalry, which has no arms, & none
of whose officers has a military education, or
much of any kind. My own life has been spent
in the study of books, though I have no military edu-
cation. Up to the time of Lincoln's proclamation,
I was employed as a teacher in one of the high
schools which prepare boys to enter the University.
Since that time, I have been pretending to drill
with this company of men above-mentioned. I
acknowledge my own ignorance of military tactics,
& yet I think it no compliment to myself to say I
know more of the science than some of my officers.
None of us know enough, I assure you. For myself
I feel that I am wasting time. I am a delicate
man & could not do a great deal physically. Could
you know point out to me a way in which I
could without failing to serve my country with

[page 2]
my hand, yet serve it more with my head? I wish
you to understand me as craving no office, but, as
an educated man, can I not be put in some
position where my education would "tell." Accus-
tomed as I am to books, I feel as if I am throwing
myself away, & making no use of the best part of
myself in going along as a private with these
good & brave, but ignorant men. Many of my
educated friends, some following the same occupation,
are ready & willing to apply their shoulders to the wheel
but do not know where to apply it. Would it be better
for us to go to the Institute? If your arduoius
duties will permit, you can do much good to
many men of this class whom I know , by sending
me your advice. Among these is a brother of mine,
whose course is almost completed at the University, &
who is well acquainted with your son, who is now there.

Humble as is my position, I take the liberty
of writing to you on this subject, knowing you to
be best qualified to direct, both on account
of your high position, & because your are a
good christian. God bless you in all your
efforts is the prayer of
Your sincere friend
J. C. Dinwiddie.

Referred to Col. P. St. Geo.
Cocke Commdg at Culpepper C.H.
By order of Maj. Gen. Lee
John A. Washington

respecting the acquisition
of military knowledge

May 21st.

University of Virginia alumnus John Calvin Dinwiddie, later a Presbyterian minister and principal of a female college in Gordonsville, Va.
The younger brother to whom he refers would be James L. Dinwiddie who received a Masters Degree from the University of Virginia in 1861. Apparently not as delicate or reluctant to endure the uneducated men in the military he served as an artillery captain, and briefly as Robert E. Lee's secretary. After the war he was a professor at Southwestern Presbyterian College in Clarksville, Tenn.

MSS 640

Thursday, May 19, 2011

1861 May 19 Charlottesville

Head Quarters Camp Jefferson

Lt Col Saml Jones
Actg Ass Adjt Gen
Culpeper C H Va


I had the honour
to forward you on the 11th inst a report of the two
companies from Howardsville & Scottsville mustered
into the service of the State, with their condition as
to Arms &c. I now enclose you a full report
of their present condition today.

They have just received their Arms, Accoutrements
and Ammunition, and are now ready for service,
The County court have appropriated a sum of
money for the purpose of equipping the volunteers
of the county, and I was informed by several of
the committee today that the would furnish
these two companies with Tents during the
next week, or as soon as they could be made.

Having sent the Muster Rolls of these companies,
and now report them supplied with Arms Accou
-trements & Ammunition have no further report
to make of them. This complete my report up
to the 20th according to orders.

I received a letter from Capt Boyd of the Piedmont
Greys Nelson County, on yesterday morning,
in which he states his company (100 strong) will
arrive here on Monday the 20th inst. I also

[page 2]
received a letter from Capt Jno T Ellis of Amherst
C H this morning stating that his company
(of 80 to 84 men) will report here on Friday
next, Capn Rey of this county will be in
with his company on Tuesday next. I am
not enabled to say what is the condition of
these companies as to Arms &c, but will report
to you and send statement as soon as mustereed,
Most Respectully Your Obt Servant
Wm H Fry
Lt Col comdg

Samuel Jones, 1819-1887, graduated from West Point and saw service in the Mexican War. Chief of Artillery to Beauregard at 1st Mannassas. To Major General in 1862. Served in both the Department of Western Virginia and the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

William H. Fry, 1821–1902, 1st Virginia Infantry.

MSS 640

1861 May 19 Harpers Ferry

Dear Pa,
Although it is
getting late & I’ve written to Ma,
I must write to you also. I am very
much obliged to you for keeping me
so well posted in ^ ‘the’ news by writing to
me so often & sending me papers.
It is a great pleasure to me to receive
letters from all of you at home & get
such advice from a Father, Mother, Bro,
& Sisters, which advice I shall ende^’av’-
or to take & proffit by it.
I heard two sermons this evening,
one at ^’on’ the Alabama camp grounds by an
Episcopal, & another from a porch of a
private house by a methodist minister,
it looks right strange to me to see
a minister preaching in an open
field……..Joe is not quite so

[page 2]
well this evening as he was this mornin^’g’
he has a right high fever, but he is
still a good deal better than he was yester-
day, he expects to start home as soon
as he gets well enough to travel, if
he can get a discharge, which I think
he can do. I wd be very sorry for
Joe to leave me, but I know he ought
to go. I begin to think now that
I am right tough & hard to make sick,
when I was on duty the other night
I slept on the ground, covered up
with a blanket was as wet with dew
as if it had been raining.. I am
very much sun burnt, am most as
black as a negro..
A great deal of excitement is anticipa-
ted next Thursday at the election & it is
thought that if an attack is made
at all it will be before Thursday or
on that day, but I do n’t think it
will be made at all, on this place –

[page 3]
Cap. Murray drew off a
certificate this evening denying all
of those^’e’ charges r^’e’ports that those cowar^’ds’
have put in circulation about our Co,
& all of us signed it, it will be
sent to some ^ ‘of’ you there, & I hope it
will [be] shown as much as possible.
Our Co has the name of being one of
the most orderly & well behaved co’s –
here, we did have some disorderly
members at first, but we’ve gotten
rid of them & they are the very ones
that are trying to injure our Co.
I wish Chas. Jones success with his
co. but I wish he wd send us our
minnie musket back, I think
he ought to elect Henry Francisco
orderly sargeant, & Jno Trice 1st Lieu,
Haslup 2nd & make adfive others office[rs]
that I could mention. –
My very best love to Cit. Wallthall [Christopher J. Walthall]
& tell him we wd be very glad to have
him Join our Co, tell him to believe

[page 4]
no reports that he hears, but come
over to see for himself.
Cap. Murray has been very kind
& attentive to me the whole time, he
took me aside yesterday & told ^ ‘me’ that when
ever I wanted anything or felt badly
just let him know & he wd do anything
he cd for me, that he knew I was willing
to do my duty when I was able &
he wd favor me all he could.
It is time for reverlie so I must stop.
Excuse this badly written letter, for I am
very sleepy & tired & have a very bad
pen & light. best love to all.

Yr most Aff. son P. Edloe Jo

Monday morning}
Joe is a good deal better this morning.
has scarc^’e’ly no fever & looks better, he says
he feels well enough to start home, he is
very an[x]ious to get home now……It
is a very bad day, rained most all
night & is raining yet, but I wo n’t have
to be out to day. My respects to Cap
Anderson. I am very well. yrs’ &C.

MSS 13407

1861 May 18 Fort Palmetto

My Dear Wife
The family letter is at hand
and its contents have afforded me the usual
interest derived from the reading of all your
letters. There is nothing of very special interest
to communicate, only to confirm the intimation
given in my last letter. I am highly gratified to
state that we will be removed to our homes
in ten days or two weeks. This is I believe positive
as the information came through Col Rion. Our
being sent home does not discharge us from
our obligation for the time for which we volunteered
but we are to hold ourselves in readiness, so
that the Regiment can be concentrated at any
point within thirty six hours. I have satisfied myself
that the Governor can order us anywhere he chooses
within the limits of the Southern Confederacy. The boys
are somewhat anxious (a number of them) to go into
the confederate service, and there may be a change
when we reach home as the company are not
willing to be commanded any longer by our
present Captain. He has conducted himself so
badly, that nothing he can do now will restore his
lost favour. As I have before said to you Camp
[The above page has been scribbled on with a pencil.]

life will show the flaws in our character, and although
I know Wash Ladd of old, yet I see him in Camp
in full character. Nothing is done right according
to his judgement I could go on and repeat
many such characters yet I will withhold a
further repetition. I am pleased to know that the
articles suit you. The table cover cost $3. You
would imagine that any kind of goods might be
had here, but goods are very scarce, and I looked
through several stores before I found the dress, and
even though I bought it yet I was not fully
satisfied. When I come home I will remember
Nannie. Joe made me feel quite proud when
he said that he had seen her, and how pretty she
had grown.
I forget the price of Lawn, yet I do not
suppose they will charge you more than it is worth.
Probably you had better keep the [-] until I come
home, and also defer buying the lawn. I have
not seen the ladies yet, and may not see them
until we pass through the city on our way home. We
still have some sickness in Camp. I believe I never
told you of our having two cases of Typhoid fever [-]
not in our company. We have had more or less diarrhea
since we have been here, owing to the miserable bad water.
As I propose to write a line or two to “Nolty Beeny” 1
and 2 I must close with much love from your
affectionate husband
J.M. Phinney

Confederate officer from Winnsboro, S. C., in the Boyce Guards Militia and the 6th Infantry Regiment. He participated in the Seven Days’ Battles in Virginia and was killed in action at Fair Oaks in 1862
MSS 12661

Wednesday, May 18, 2011

1861 May 18 Harper's Ferry

My Wife--
I have no sweeter word
than this to call the dear little
woman at home, with whom
my happiest reminiscences
of the past, and fondest hopes
of the future have ever been

You speak of dreams; I had
one of you that we were mar
-ried again, and thought we
had a very nice time of it.
I received your letter by Mr Cam
pbell and one a few days
before by mail, and was happy
to learn that you and the little
ones were well. I wish you
would go out to Pas frequently
We have moved from our station
on the mountain back to town
Here we have very pleasant
quarters, in which I think it
likely we will remain until
we have a battle. When this

[page 2]
will be it is impossible to say
but is not expected immediately.
I received the green flannel shirt
and put it on for the first time
to day--It is very comfortable
and valued the more because made
by the hands of my dear wife. The
other things are I suppose in a
box left behind at Winchester
which will probably be here to day
Present my kind regards to
John and hand him the enclosed
order on Wm White--
The account book to which I ref
erred in my letter to Wm White
I expect is locked up in the
safe in my office & Mr Catlett
has the key in Richmond. Your
father has some papers in the
safe and if he wants ehem
he will have to write to
Mr Catlett to send the key
to some one in Lexington
who will get them for him
Present my kind regards to
Jack Jane & Phebe. Kiss
the children for me & for your
self take a husbands best love
Ever yours
E[lisha] F[rank] ["Bull"] Paxton

MSS 2165

1861 May 18 Harpers Ferry Va

Dearest one--

Nothing new to
write. I received the pistol
sent by Bro R. yesterday--
& was highly gratified at his
thoughtfulness. I shall be happy
to use it till he wants it.
If mine arrive from Kansas-
(the two small ones) tell him
to kee them till I return--
No news yet of the horses
Kisses to the dear ones-
I go in a moment to squadron
Most affectionately
J.E.b. Stuart

MSS 11576

Flora Cooke Stuart was the daughter of Philip St. George Cooke, a U.S. Cavalry officer and native Virginian who remained loyal to the Union. J.E.B. Stuart had officially resigned from the U.S. Army four days previously on May 14.
See J.E.B.'s letter written from Fort Wise, Kansas Territory, 1861 January 11, on his reasons for staying with the South.

MSS 11576

Tuesday, May 17, 2011

1861 May 17 Alexandria

Col Sam Jones
Yours of the 10th inst enclo
sing note from Capt J Shac Green
did not reach ^'me' until this evening
too late to advise Capt Green of
my willingness to muster his com
pany into service on to-morrow.

I have written to him notify
-ing him that I will muster his
company into service on Mon-
-day next..

Many of the privates in com
panies here have refused to take
the oath prescribed by art 10 of
the articles of war. Various reasons
are assigned by them. A notion pre
vails that it does not apply to the
voluntary forces, & on this point in
order to avoid difficulty I have ask
ed instructions of Genl Cocke,

I am very respectfully
your obdt servt
George Wm Brent
Maj Va Forces

George William Brent, 1821-1872, University of Viginia alumnus and Fauquier County lawyer; Delegate to the Virginia Secession Convention (voted "nay"). Later Colonel and A.A.G. to both Beauregard and Bragg.

Samuel Jones, 1819-1887, graduated from West Point and saw service in the Mexican War. Chief of Artillery to Beauregard at 1st Mannassas. To Major General in 1862. Served in both the Department of Western Virginia and the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

John Shackelford Green, 1817-1891, a Rappahannock County farmer, was captain of the Co. B., 6th Virginia Cavalry. Rose to Lt. Colonel.

1861 May 12 Columbia [S. C.]

Dear Creek
Your welcome letter of the 16th inst. came to hand
in due time. I am happy to learn that you are all in
the enjoyment of good health you say you was disapointed
when Dugan came home without a letter from me his
coming was all that kept me from writing as I thought
he could give you all the news, as to my getting home
is a very doubtful case, and much as I desire to come
yet I have a duty to perform which could not well be
divided at present without neglecting the interests and
welfare of my company. we are drilling the men very
hard at present, and until they are more perfect in the
exercises I do not think it my duty to leave them.
But you may depend that I will be home to see you
as soon as an opportunity offers, another reason is
that we are daily expecting the order to march to
march to Aiken and it would not suit well for me
to be absent at that time.

You need not give yourself any trouble about the
danger of Alawine hurting any of us we have a very
summery way of disposing of such characters here
he was tried by a Court Martial yesterday but the
sentence of the Court has not been disclosed.
James Whitner was promoted to Major of the
Regiment yesterday the promotion gives great satisfaction

[page 2]
to the men of the Regt. it is a very important matter
to have officers of the proper stamp for our leaders and
we all think there could not have been a better selection

Their is nothing of interest transpiring in the city just
now the weather is very hot and every one disposed to
keep in doors as much as possible, the 4th Regt is
getting a fine name here for good behaviour which
is gratifying to all of us. rumour had it that small
pox had broke out in our camp a few days ago, but
it is all a mistake, nothing of the kind having occured.
I sent your pin by A. C. Wardlaw which I hope you
recieved all right, and I expect he has also given you all
the news.

I have had the Tri weekly Carolinian sent to Belton
adressed to me, for your use the first one will come
on Tuesday first the 14th inst I have subscribed for it six
months so you may have an opportunity of seeing
all the news.

I wish I had little Maggie to help me write some
you dont know how much good it did me to see
her little scrawls, tell her to come with you to the
camp at Aiken and stay with me a week or two Jink
can bring you in the Buggy. But I must close this
hurried scrall, give my love to all of our relations tell them
I will be among them as soon as possible. Kiss maggie for
me and teach her to pray for papa. I will write Jink in a
day or two. Your ever affectionate

William [Anderson]

MSS 10366