[from the diary of Jonathan B. Hager of the 14th U.S. Regulars as copied and annotated by him at a later date]
July 4 The anniversary of our Independence. Here we are
An Army of Americans, beaten, dispirited and
almost demoralized. Beaten by Americans, brothers!
Language cannot do justice to so terrible a ca-
lamity--as this Civil War which has burst with
such intense fury upon our once happy land--The
God of justice to home Vengeance belongeth will
make the right to conquer & will visit the sins of
the fathers upon the children to seventh genera-
tions of those who have been instrumental in
producing this unhappy condition of affairs------.
A salute in honor of the day was fired from
several of our batteries & with this exception the
Day passed quietly by.