Wednesday, February 29, 2012

1862 March 3 Salem

Salem, March 3, 1862

My Dear Ella,

Yours of Feb. 20 was
received last Friday. We were then in great con-
fusion and uncertainty. An order had been received
to send back all the baggage, each soldier retaining a
pair of blankets and an extra pair of socks. Our
surgeon wrote me that morning a sick leave for four-
teen days, but I did not get the General's action
on the paper until yesterday (Sunday) morning. That uni-
versal scourge of the soldiers, jaundice, has at length
seized me, though I am not yet blooming forth
in yellow glory like a buttercup of the fields. After
a fatiguing effort to get myself and baggage to the
Junction, I was seated in the cars, and soon
arrived here among kind friends. Last night's sleep
on a feather bed beneath more than two blankets was
refreshing, and now the cozy parlor in which I write
is an agreeable contrast to my log cabin. But languor,
nausea, headache, are troublesome companions in
the village as well as in the camp. However I am
not much sick--not enough to excite sympathy,
but just the quantity to make me a good victim at
whom fun might be poked, if I only had a dear friend
with me who is fond of the sport--like yourself. How to

[page 2]
go to Loudoun?--that's the question which perplexes me.
I asked this morning, "What is the chance of my getting a horse
for a trip to Loudoun?" "Very slight, I fear: horses are
scarce here," was the reply. yet health and weather
permitting, I expect to go before the fortnight expires.

But there is a question touching yourself in which I
am deeply interested. Late movements about Centre-
ville, Manssas and other points render it very
probable, if not certain, that we will even fall back.
If so, the forces under Gen. Hill will, of course, retire
and Loudoun be abandoned to the Yankees. I have
made diligent enquiry about the county, but was
told that at Leesburg no one knew or felt confident
whether we were to quit the place or not. Doubtless,
the subject is greatly agitated in the community, and
your own mind must have been sorely exercised in
it--perhaps, in a state of "indcision" what you ought
to do. Now claiming the privilege of a friend to con-
cern myself about these matters, I am anxious to
know, whether you expect Leesburg to be abandoned,
and if so, whether you will remain to enjoy Yankee
society, or flee before the invaders? If you wish to leave for
Pittsylvania or any other point, I offer my services
as an escort any time within the fortnight during which
I have control over my own movement---as far, at

[page 3]
least, as a mortal man can have such control. I
could meet you any day you would appoint at the Plains,
if not at Middleburg or Delta. The trip would be a
recreation and benefit to me. If you really wish to
fall back to the interior, I would be very deeply mortified
and angry at your declining my services through any scru-
ples in consequence of my relation to you as an unac-
cepted suitor. I ask the privilege as a friend, not
as a lover. I don't know how long it takes a letter to go
to and from Leesburg. It is possible that I may be in L.
before a reply could reach me. But in that event I would
see you: so it would make little difference. Be sure
to answer this immediately.

Your wrote sadly about our country. And then
it seems from your letter that you had not heard the
tidings of our great disaster in Tennessee. I need
scarcely say that a sword has pierced my heart. But
despondency I will not entertain. It will be very, very
painful and humiliating to surrender Northern Va.
to the Yankees. But I can easily see what an advan-
tage it may give us in the defence of our Republic
at present, and we must console ourselves with the
sure prospect of a happy day when every hostile foot
shall be driven from our entire soil. God hasten the day!
My predecessor at the University, Rev. Dabney Carr Harrison,
was killed at Fort Donelson--a man of gentle spirit.
He leaves a widow and two or three children, I believe. She is

[page 4]
an uncommonly sweet and engaging lady.

With regard to the contents of your letter I will not write
much now. I have neither disposition nor reason to think
you "weak, fickle," or otherwise blameworthy, in the least
degree. Your are right not to enter into an engagement, while
uncertain that your heart would fully and freely accomany the promise
of your hand. I do not wish to be relased from the obliga-
tion of the offer already made, because of the indecision
of your mind. My head and judgment dictate that I
should continue before you the proposition until you do reach
a satisfactory conclusion. but I will not write more,
for my sickish feeling has come over me, and sense fails me.
I expect to be well in a few days, and I would ride to
L. to-morrow if I had a horse.

Very affectionately yours,
J. C. Granberry
P.S. In casting my eye over this latter part of this letter, it
looks frigid and stiff. I do not mean it so. But I feel badly, and
don't [know] how to express myself. Please refer to my former letters as
an expression of my unaltered sentiments.

John Cowper Granberry, 1829-1907, a graduate of Randolph Macon, Methodist clergyman,chaplain at the University of Virginia,and chaplain of the 11th Virginia. Later a professor at Vanderbilt and Bishop of the Southern Methodist Episcopal Church.(and yes he married Ella later in the year)

MSS 4492

1862 circa March 1

[from the diary of Samuel Johnson, 1st Massachusetts Independent Light Battery]

A Journal of the proceedings of
the 1st Mass Independent Light
Battery. During its original term of
service in the Rebellion of the
Southern Confederacy


The above mentioned Battery, was
organized and sworn into the service
of the United States, on the 28th
day of August. 1861 for a period
not to exceed three years. Was sent
into camp at Camp Cameron,
North Cambridge, to recruit to its
full number, and to prepare
for active service. Remained
in camp at North C. until the
3rd day of Oct. when, having received
orders to report to the Chief of
Artillery, Army of the Potomac,
we broke camp at that place
and proceeded by rail to
Washington D. C. Via New York,
Philad, and Baltimore. Arrived
in Washington on the 6th
of Oct. went into camp at the
Camp of Reserve Artillery Capitol
Hill. While laying in this camp,
the Artillery and cavalry of the
Potomac Army was reviewed by
President Lincoln. Gen. G.B. Mc
Clellan and Staff. In this review
the battery was highly complimented
for its fine appearance. Remained
in this camp until the 14th inst. when
we were ordered to march and report
for duty to Brig. Gen. W. B. Franklin
who was at that time organizing his
Division at Alexandria. Va. Went
into camp on the Leesburg Turnpike
Camp Revere, where we remained
until the 10th day of March 1862.. drilling
and preparing of active and field service
During the winter were reviewed a
number of times by Gen’s McClellan.
McDowell Franklin and Barry,
On the 20th of Jan. 1862. Henry A. Carpen-
ter one of our wagoners was accidentally
and instantly killed by his horses:
running away with, and trampeling on
him. Were paid off twice during
the winter. The weather has been
extremely unpleasant. have had rain
and snow storms in abundance, the
mud has been constantly from 6 in,
to two feet deep in the roads. Two of our
men have been discharged for disabil-
-ity and several sent to the Hospital’s
From the 20th of Nov. until the
last of Dec. I was dangerously sick,
with a fever.

[Transcription by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 8493

1862 March 1, Winchester, Va.

Winchester Va 1862 abt Mar 1
My Dear Wife -
I intended to have
written to you to day but have just
received orders to march – not
known where. We have been
expecting a fight here for some
days but it seems all expectation
& no reality. I will write
again very soon – no more
time now.
Ever Yours
E F Paxton

[The above letter is not included in Civil War Letters of Frank “Bull” Paxton.]

Elisha Franklin "Bull" Paxton, University of Virginia alumnus and Confederate general; commanded the 27th Virginia Infantry and later the 1st "Stonewall" Brigade.

[transcription by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 2165

1862 March 1, Centreville, Va.

Camp near Centreville
March 1st 1862
Dear Pa
Mr Miller did not succeed
in getting off yesterday and consequently
my note was not sent. I neglected in my
note yesterday to ask you to send me down en
ough leather to half sole my boots and put on
heels. you will please attend to it and have it
sent down as soon as you can conveniently do so.
There is a young man in our company by the
name of Spicer whom I have engaged to mend
Things are rather more quiet than they
were yesterday, but we are still in the dark
as to what move is in anticipation, a very
large quantity of baggage was sent back
to Manassas yesterday.
When did you hear from Walter.
it is rumored here that Gens Jackson & Hill
have united their forces, and intend making
a determined stand some where between
Leesburg and Winchester. I am afraid
Walter and myself can not get in
the same Company, as it seems we are not
to have our preference of the different
arm of the service. Willie Richardson
E Lehew myself and several others
are very anxious to join cavalry.
Mr Miller will hand you a
bundle of dirty clothes, please ask Ma
to have them washed and returned against
we come off picket if she can
possibly do so. we will start on tomorrow
(Sunday) and return Wednesday.

Charles E. Lehew, private and wagoner, Co. B, 17th Virginia
William Richardsson, private. later 3rd Lieutenant, Co. B, 17th Virginia
Richard Bayly Buck, 1844-1888, Co. B of the 17th Virginia, the Warren Rifles.

MSS 3064
MSS 1091

1862 March 1, Leesburg, Va.

Cavalry Camp near
Leesburg March 1st 62
Your letter from Lynchburg
dated last Tuesday reached me
this morning my darling, I
should have read it yesterday per=
haps, but we had no mail, a
thing that happens frequently
now, I am very glad to hear
that Robt is doing so well, and
rejoiced to find that you have
reached home again, but why
do you talk of being sick
my darling, it grieves me to
hear this, for if any further
harm were to befal[sic] you now,
I should be completely upset by
it, I have suffered enough, God
knows, already since I parted
wtih you. I knew that you were
suffering all the time, and it
seems that a life time of sorrow

[page 2]
almost has been crowded into
this short space. I can't imagine
why it is that you have not
received any of my letters, I have
written to you regularly every
other day since you went away.
I knew it would be some comfort
to you and I would not have
failed to write to you for any
consideration, but every thing
seems to go wrong with me now
somehow, I have read two letters
written whilst you were in Nor=
folk, the one you intended to
send by Dr. Jackson, and the other
about ten days afterwards, I have
told you all about my appli=
cation for leave of absence, and
my resignation , a copy of which
I sent you, and of my being
prevented from pressing it by the
assurance of Genl. Hill that he

[page 3]
expected to have to fight the en=
emy in a very few days, when he
should have need of all of his
officers, we have been on the
alert, waiting for orders to move
for several days, our heavy
baggage was sent off yesterday
to Warrenton, a report came in
this evening that a large force
of the enemy was in Lovettsville
about 14 miles from here. I went
up there about 4 o'clock with a squad
of men to observe there[sic] movements
and obtain information; went in
sight of the place, and saw some of
them, I ascertained however that
the report of the amt. of the ene=
my's force was greatly exaggerated,
they have cavalry, infantry and
artillery there, but I do not think
they are in any great force, they
may be reinforced however from Harper's

[page 4]
Ferry at any time, they are not
near as strong at that place as
they have been represented, I
do not think, from present in=
dications that any thing serious
is likely to happen just ow.
I have just returned, drank a cup
of coffee and commenced writing to you
so that I may send you a letter by the
morning's mail, I sent you on yester=
day morning by Henderson who started
home, he promised to go by and carry it
to you, I trust my darling that you
may see a little rest and comfort now
at home with our little children,
it seems to me if I could spend but
one brief hour with you and then
now[sic] I could be happy, when shall
I see my beloved wife and my dear
little children again? god speed the
happy time, you must write to
me my darling as often as you can

[sideways in top margin of page one]
without trouble
to yourself, Kiss
my little darlings
for me, what a
happiness it
wd be to me if
I could clasp
them to my
breast once
more, and
to be near you--to tell
you, and
to prove to
you my
love for
God bless
this night I
am always
your own
E.R. Page

Edwin R. Page, 1st Lt., 2nd Virginia Cavalry

Page is referring to his wife's son Robert A. Camm, 1842-1892, a midshipman on the CSS Ellis who lost his left arm in action at Roanoke Island in February 1862, but survived and returned to service. He resided in Lynchburg, Virginia, after the war.

MSS 8937

1862 March 1 St. John's Seminary, Alexandria, Va.

Head Quarters Fifth Maine Regiment near St Johns Seminary Alaxandria Va March 1st 1862 Dear Father As I have just received A letter [from] William dated Feb 26th in which he said they did not expect William Banks to live which I was sorry to hear it was no longer than last Monday that there was A member of this Company by the name of Turner he was buried he was liked by all of the Company this makes the second death that has occured since we left Portland it has cleared up & all the mud has dried up & we have been under Marching orders ever since day before yesterday the Regiment has gone on Picket & have their knapsacks packed ready for A March this & Company H & F is stopping in doing Camp duty they say that we are to March for Centerville next Monday & Mayby by the time you get this we may be marching for that place I am ready for the March & never could be in better health for the work, which I suppose you will be glad to hear we are not to be allowed to carry anything more thn shirt & drawers & one Rubber Blankett & one wollen which I am glad, Tell Johny I got his letter, I had given up writing to you and should not if I had not received any from William Because I had not received any from you it is getting time to turn in so I must close my letter by saying that I want you to answer this as soon as you get it & if we have to March I will write & let you know give my Love to Mother & all of the Folks especially Mary Wallace From Your Son Joseph Leavitt

Letters from Joseph Leavitt of the 5th Maine and his brother George of the 5th New York were copied into a ledger by their father John Leavitt in October 1865 "because they are of value to me and I was fearful that they might get mislaid." Both boys were mortally wounded in the war, George at Second Bull Run, August 30, 1862, and Joseph at Spotsylvania, May 18, 1864.

MSS 66

1862 March 1 Richmond, Va.

[from the diary of Daniel D. Logan, younger brother of General Thomas M. Logan and a Sergt, Co.B., 1st Special Battalion (Rightor's) Louisiana Infantry]

Richmond Friday – March 1st/62
Rose at 8 o’c this morning – after break
-fast – made search with the boy Somer
-ville & found my Valise in an old
lumber room of the Columbian Hotel!
to my great joy – But find my boots,
pants, vests; & other things out of
it. But those most valued – studs,
sleeve buttons, Breast pin & my Small
gold pencil safe – This recovery is
a piece of good luck which I did
not expect – Spent the day shopping – Met Miss
Mary Lloyd & called on Miss Stuart with
her – she was not in – Dined at Mr Harveys, who
sent for my valise, & abused me for not
coming up last night. After dinner called
on Mr Denean Kenner with my letter of
introduction – he promised me to do all he can
for Faries vs. Made an appointment with me
for 10 o’c tomorrow to give me an answer
-Richmond put under Martial law today –

[The following lines are cross-written over the above page.]
To my proposition made to Mr
Benjamin through him – of which
anon. Took tea with Mrs Roy &
spent the hours of nine & ten o’c
in Mrs Harveys parlour – To bed
at 11 ½ o’c –

John D. Harvey’s home in 1860, was on 9th, between Clay and Leigh Street. [R.E.L. Krick]

1862 March 1

[from the diary of Charles Hay of Co. H, 23rd Ohio]
Fayetteville, March 1st, 1862.
Since the date of my last entry, there has nothing
transpired in our unusually civil community that I
have thought of such nature as to entitle it to a place
in my dairy. Not that I wish to over estimate the merits
of my book, (if such it has) the opinions written upon
the pages here of being mine, full of blemishes, I must
confess, and weaknesses such as all are heir to. “To
err is human.” Differently constituted as are all of
Adam’s frail children, and dissimilarly situated as we
are, it is to be expected that we will view the same
subject in different lights, & yet be honest in our
opinions, although often caused by prejudicial influences.
This will serve, I hope, as a sort of apology for the
general tenor of my records, & I hope it is satisfactory.
Mud is the most plenteous article here, it
being fully six inches deep, and, as boatmen
say, still rising.
The health of the Regiment continues good.

MSS 13925

1862 March 1 [Roanoke Island]

[from the diary of Jesse Calvin Spaulding, Co. F, 25th Massachusetts]
March 1

Another pleasant day. On guard today
but by the blessing of God was
placed on a post where no one is
required at night. So Lieut Lawrence
who is officer of the guard told me
I could go to my quarters and stay till
to-morrow morning. Have enjoyed the day very well.

MSS 11293

1862 March 1

[from the diary of James Dinsmore Templeton, private and musician with the 23rd Ohio]

Saturday March 1, 1862
Helped prepare Breakfast
Played for Guard Mounting.
Went to the mill with
Merl [Flint?]
The day has past and
I have done nothing
Hear that we shall
]probably move now
Col Scammon left
Camp to day on a visit
Col Hays arrived at Camp
mostly Cloudy raining
this evening
Cos J & C on a Drunk

MSS 10317

Tuesday, February 28, 2012

1862 February [?]

[George's father made a dating error in copying out this letter, either in the heading or in the 1st line]

My Dear Father I take my pen in hand to answer yours of Feby 9
I was not aware it was so long since I received it, time passes so quickly,
that the weeks & months pass without our noticing it, I have no news to write you
you of course read the papers & are as well posted as I am in regard to the
movements of the Army in your letter you predict the war will end shortly
you speak of the recent victories, & ask me what more I want to convince me
that the war will end shortly, now if Forts Henry & Donlason were the only
Forts, & Columbus, Nashville, Bowling Green were the only strong holds of the rebels
then I might think the war would end shortly but if you will look at the
subject in its true light you will see that there is A vast amount of work to be
accomplished yet, there are other places [?] Columbus, Nashville, Roanoke
Island these places did not contain A quarter of the Rebel Army you think
A large portion of the Rebel Army will not reenlist I think otherwise my
reason for thinking so are these the army are made to believe that all the
North is after is to plunder & murder, to take away thier property & do A great
many other things fully as bad & when they have none to convince them to the
contrary they of course will hold out to the last, I judge from what I saw at
Accomac they all believed that we were comeing to destroy every thing & were
verry much surprised to find we did not trouble any thing that belonged to
them, now about the 5th well we are on the Federal Hill where we have been
since the 26th of last July & the prospect of our stopping here untill next
July verry good Maryland especially Baltimore must be watched this
City is full of secesh to be sure there is A large number of Union men here
but they could not do much if it were not for the presence of Troops, this
Regiment is the pet of the Union People, we had A grand Parade on the
22d. our old Col Duryee is in Baltimore, the Brigade of which he is
the commander is stationed at different points guarding the railroad
every mile of railroad from Harrisburgh to Washington is guarded three
companies of this Regiment are stationed at Fort Marshall opposite Fort Federal
Hill distance about three miles we may move from here but it dont look much
like it, my health is good, when you send me A paper do send me A whole
one I had rather have only one A week & have A whole one, you may think
I am mighty particular but I like to read the advertisements because I
always find some names that are familiar to me, hopeing we shall meet
again I remain your Son

Geo. W. Leavitt

Letters from George Leavitt and his brother Joseph Leavitt were copied into a ledger by their father John Leavitt in October 1865: "because they are of value to me and I was fearful that they might get mislaid." Both boys were mortally wounded in the war, George at Second Bull Run, August 30, 1862, and Joseph at Spotsylvania, May 18, 1864.

MSS 66

1862 February 28 Winchester, Va.

Winchester Feby 28-62
My Darling Wife
I reached here day before yesterday and expected to de
vote yesterday evening to a letter home, but so soon
as I got pen & paper ready to commence we had
an order to change our camp. My ride here
was as pleasant as I could expect. The first night
I staid at Mr sprouts--The next at Dr Crawfords-
the next at Mr Williamsons & the last at Strasurg
reaching Winchester about 12 oclock--self and
horse both in very good condition. I found all
quite well at Mr Williamsons, Gilbert going about
and nearly recovered.

I doubt that you will hear any quantity of news
before this reaches you--that Winchester has been
evacuated--the enemy approaching in countless
numbers from all directions and Jacksons army
flying before him. All I can say is dont be
alarmed and make up your mind to
bear in patience whatever of good or evil
the future may have in store for us

[page 2]
Try as far as possible to direct your mind from the
troubles of The country. The future is not as bright as
it was before our late disasters but we have yet many
strong arms and brave hearts in the field and
should not despair.

As to our situation here place no confidence in
the rumours which you may hear the enemy
yesterday entered Charlestown in what force
I do not know or for what purpose. It may be
to take possession of the Baltimore & Ohio railroad
and rebuild it, or it may be part of a force
intended to advance on this place. All I can
day is I think unless his force largely outnumbers
ours we should fight him--and if it is over
powering we shall evacuate the place.
I write darling in the open air and a freezing
wind & will bid you good-bye until my next--I will
write regularly so that my letters may reach you
on Sunday morning when you go in to church.
Should any thing happen [to] me I will have a letter
written to your father who will send it to you
Kiss the children for me and for yourself dearest
accept all that a fond husband can offer

Ever yours

E F Paxton

Elisha F "Bull" Paxton, University of Virginia alumnus and Confederate general; commanded the 27th Virginia Infantry and later the 1st "Stonewall" Brigade at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville.

MSS 658

1862 February 28 [Roanoke Island]

[from the diary of Jesse Calvin Spaulding, Co. F, 25th Massachusetts]

Feb 28

Another pleasant day. Phineas did
not get back last night, but staid
on the New York. We had a regimental
review and inspection this forenoon. this
afternoon I finished Dunallan, and then
washed some clothes. This evening had a
nice chat with George and Frank about
our childhood and boyish occupations.
Blessed be God for His mercies. I have passed
a very pleasant day and yet how little
I do for Him. O Lord may I devote myself
more fully to Thee my Friend and Savior.

MSS 11293

Monday, February 27, 2012

1862 February 28 Camp Pickens

Camp Pickens, Feb 28th/62

Dear Edm.

I wrote to you a few days ago but have
received no answer. My letter may have
miscarried. I wrote to you in regard to
my boy Ned who ran off about a week
ago. I thought it probable you he might
go to Nelson which he could very well do, and
not report himself, but stay a the negro
cabins unnoticed. Tho' I stil am under
the impression that he is near by, it
might be possible that he went home, &
I will get you to get the overssers to hunt
him up & if he be in the neighborhood
have him arrested and sent to me
immediately. He can very well elude me
here among the camps and I suffer some
inconvenience by it. If here & not in
Nelson I will soon get him as I have
advertised him & have hunters after him
Let me hear from you. No news
here--My recruiting papers have not
come from Head qrs yet, but I hope
will in a few days --& then I
shall come up. We are preparing
for active operations this Spring &
we expect hard fighting soon

Love to all Yr affec Bro

Lieut Jos C Cabell Jr
49th Va Vols

MSS 276

1862 February 28 Centreville, Va.

Camp near Centreville
February 28th, 1862

Dear Pa:-

This note will be handed to you by Mr. Miller
or Eliza Paterson. I send in the charge of Mr. Miller
(who has been authorized to go to Front Royal to carry
our surplus baggage) a bundle of dirty clothes. Ask Ma
please to have them washed and returned as soon as possi-
ble though in all probablility they will have to be sent
to some other point than Centreville as we have had orders
to send every thing to the rear except what we can carry
upon our backs (two blankets and a change of under clothing).
There are various conjectures as to what point we will move.
Some say to the Valley, some to Leesburg, some to Occoquan,
and goodness knows where else. I think it very doubtful
whether we will leave this place.
Hundreds of rumors are afloat, caused though I
think principally by the order for the removal of all heavy
baggage to the rear, although we are under marching orders.
Mr. Miller will give you all the news respecting our
We hear that there is a strong Federal force
advancing upon Jackson in the neighborhood of Winchester.
I have not received a letter from home since
Scott came down. How are Charley Buck and Scott Roy getting
along? I am very glad that we got them away before this
I must close. Write by Mr. Miller on his return.
Love toall.
YOur affec. son

Richard Bayly Buck, 1844-1888, Warren Rifles, Co. B. of the 17th Virginia. His letters were transcribed and typed by his son George G. Buck at an unknown date. Location of originals unknown]

MSS 1091

1862 February 28 Fort Lafayette

Fort Lafayertte
28 Feb. 1862

Belle Cousine
You see I am pursuing
my reconnaisance of the harbour
defences and fortifications of
the United States, which I
commenced last November--at
present Fort Lafayette is the
object of my attention and I have
come to the conclusion, that it
is a work better adapted for
offensive than defensive purposes.
The grand attack upon New
York so long meditated by Semmes
and Maffitt will be postponed
until I return to Return to Rich-
mond, which I shall do as soon

[page 2]
as I complete my investigations

I have not written to
you before because I was not
in the best of spirits and
because the post office was
rather tardy in delivering my

On my return to Richmond
I was overwhelmed with inqui-
ries with regard to you and
Jennie, particularly, generally and
pegrammatically. I gave loaned your
O.C.K. to Miss Constance. Fred
H. is the Capt. Bob S. of Fran-
lin St. By the way, it is said
that Mr. Harrison & Miss C--
are --- but you need,nt
believe a word of it,for I can
assure you that it is not so.

The night after my
return, there was a grand party

[page 3]
at the Enders' --the only one
given since my departure.
"Mrs Clarks young men"
as usual managed the
affair, Capt Jim Clark being
master of the feast. The attrac-
tive portion of the programme
was the feed--a right glorious,
extensive, various, "intense"
feed. I never saw young la-
dies eat so heartily in my
life--in public. Wilson
and Johnnie were not there
--they had left for Vicksburg.

Mr. Harrison was not
very well, and did not
attend. Miss Jennie Cooper was
there and the Miss Johnstons, I
dont think that you know
any of the other ladies present.
The Nicholases, Harrisons of Brandon,
Tuckers, Vosses, Pegrams, Clarks

[page 4]
& were all well when I left,
Likewise Maj. Norris & Coms
Hollins & Sterritt--the two latter
were very much annoyed
that their wives did not visit
me at For M.

The last sensation in
Richmond was the report
that you and Jennie were
going to return to Richmond.

How is my best of friends
your dear mama? Tell her
that I still have on those
clothes, she sent me and that
they are still in very good order.

Remember me kindly to
your father and brother, give my
love to Mrs. Gittings and Aunt Taylor

What has become
of poor Harry Gilmor?

Write soon, one of you
electrifying, intense letters to

Devotedly y cousin
Reid Saunders

Miss Hettie Cary

"Pegrammatically" is probably a pun on the name of Hettie's beau and future husband, General John C. Pegram

Harrison & Miss C is undoubtedly a reference to Hettie's cousin Constance Cary and her future husband Burton Harrison

MSS 1415

1862 February 28 Charlottesville, Va

Charlottesville Feby 28th
I have very unwillingly put off answer
-ing your letter until this time, dear Papa. It
was written from Charleston, and you spoke of
returning to Camp next day, so I know it would
be useless to direct my letter to you in Charleston
while I did not remember (if I ever knew) the
number of you Regiment, and the name of your
Company. I have several times asked Mother
for your direction, but writing in haste generally
omitted giving it and I was delighted to get your
two pencil lines, and hour since, telling me where
and how you were. Please sit down and write me
an account of yourself, all that you have been doing
seeing and hearing, since you wrote last, you say
you are in Savannah ready to meet the Yankees.
does that mean that you intend to remain in
Georgia and fight for her? I hope it does. Mr.
Barnwell delights in giving my State pride a sly
rap now and then, implying that he considers

[page 2]
a lamentable circumstance my having been born a
Georgian instead of a Carolinian, but I tell him
I see no reason to blush for my state yet, and expect
before the war ends to feel still more self-satisfied
even, perhaps to be able to turn the tables on him.
Yet, under this resumed repose of mind, I feel genuine
anxiety as to the result of the attack upon Savan
-nah which seems determined upon, and near at
hand, not that I fear anything like cowardice or
treachery (a la Roanoke, Hatteras, etc) on the part of
our officers or men, but I know that earth works
[hole in paper] best that could be erected. and manned by the
[fi?]nest troops of my State, can not be held under
an iron rain of Bombs. Savannah in the rear, I
have no anxiety about. Savannah from the River:
I almost dread the arrival of the Telegrams from
Richmond half expecting to see that it has shared
the fate of Elizabeth City. Father, I think
when the War is over, if we all liver to see that
happy day, we will have to return to our State
to live. We belong there. Habershams in Carolina
are as bad as Irish Absentees. I want Ned to grow up

[page 3]
among his own people and Kindred.
But I am afraid the end of the War is further
off than ever now. These reverses in N. C and Ten
-nessee will exhilarate the Yankees sufficiently to
make them fight hard in the next battle, where
-ever it may take place,--some here are expecting
it to be at Norfolk, some at Centreville, some at
Nashville, and there is every reason to believe that a
reverse at Manassas could make half, perhaps two-
thirds of the men in this post of Virginia come
forward and offer to take the oath under the U.S.
Government. There is even a rumor, much canvassed
that the line of defence is to be narrowed down to
the Rapahannock, on this line of Railway, Gordons
-ville, Charlottesville, Staunton and Lynchburg. Another
cry is that if
Norfolk falls, Richmond must go
and so on through every imaginable and possible
disaster. People here were "blue" enough to disgust
"us" Carolinians (excuse a slang phrase for once) but
Mr. Barnwell coming back from Richmond after the
Inauguration, reports them a shade darker there
so much discussion and confusion, when we never needed
more to be quiet among ourselves, in order to concentrate
our forces against our enemies. It is said, on good

[page 4]
authority that your old friend General Lee will
be appointed Secretary of War, whereupon the
Examiner comes out "If the president cannot find
a better substitute for Mr Benjamin than the des
-pondent personage who is said to be his destin
-ed successor, no rational observer can fail to deplore
his retirement." Another of the apples of discord!
as the Examiner opinions carry great weight, in
Virginia, at least. But no one ever expects it to
speak favorably of any person in, or destined for
office. I have set down its Edition, in my own
mind as a dyspeptic, who eats a hearty supper
of hot Virginia breads, and then goes to his office
[hole in paper and line partially erased by crease in paper] for quareling with himself and all all the
world Reading over my letter, I am half-vexed to
find what a feeble sketch I have given you of the
interesting conversations I listen to at every meal--half
-amused at myself for attempting to sketch them
at all. My excuse must be the unvarying routine
of my daily life. Between meals, my thoughts have
no time to stray from housekeeping or nursing. At
meals I am glad enough to shake off those trains of
thought, and listen to the conversation of from six
to twelve as intelligent, highly educated, or plain
sensible practical men as could be found, all official or semi-official
characters, and more or less behind the scenes, I shall

remainder of letter from Essie Habersham to her father Richard Wylly Habersham, Jr., is missing

MSS 15091

1862 February 28 Camp Union

[from the diary of James Dinsmore Templeton, musician and private in the 23rd Ohio]
February 28
Went down to the mill
this morning with
Gillett before breakfast
to procure bread
were mustered this
morning Played for
Guard Mounting Alex
& I fixed my Horn also
went to the mill for corn
meal & bread Stopped
at Hares[?] and forwarded
rifles Had package of
papers from home

Partly clear cool

MSS 10317

[from the diary of James Dinsmore Templeton, musician and private in the 23rd Ohio]

1862 February 28 Fort Grafton

Fort Grafton
Friday night Feby 28th

My darling wifey

I received this evening
a letter from you and one from
Virginia--with regard to the subject
concerning which you both wrote, I
will say that I would be glad to
have a clerkship in the war de=
partment--I understand that away
from the seat of war, feeling is
running high against those volun=
teers who refuse to reenlist=I have
no regard for the opinion of those
who permit some to stay at home
all the time and wish to brand
others who may wish to return home.
I haven't refused to reenlist and it
will be time to talk about this when
the occasion requires--If I feel it
my duty to reenlist I shall certainly
try before hand to get some better
position; I shall never reenlist in
this company under its present
organization and I dont believe
five in the company will--at any
rate, there are offices such as clerkships
to be filled and men as able as I
am will no doubt be appointed to
them and as active warfare is not
at all to my taste I see no reason
why I should'nt accept of a clerk-
ship, if I can get it. If they deter-
mine to give them to no man
fit for military duty, I am

[page 2]
I received a very polite note
from Mr Magruder to day, stating
that he was sorry to inform me
that the Genl had refused to detail
any member of our artillery or cavalry
company--so that my expectations
from that quarter are at an end/
What has become of the Randolph
Macon professorship? Has Robert
Massie ever received a letter exp-
laining the appointment? and what
was the explanation?
Lieut Brown is getting to be a great
man he has made by far more
reputation since the war than any
officer of the same grade in the
service I understand he is to be
made Major of Artillery--I hope
he wont leave the company for
he is the only popular officer we
have except perhaps Lieut Watson
Peyton is decidedly the most disa-
greeable officer and self conceited
martinet I ever saw--There is a
very fair chance of their being in
the "Melish" next year
I am opinion you failed to send me
a part of your last letter--you
stopped very suddenly without
saying your name or sending
me any particularly loving message
You can send the balance of it
in your next

[page 3]
You dont know my darling, how much I
love you--I miss you much more this
time than I did before my furlough
I dont know what I should do
were it not for the hope of
seeing you before long--and it is
singular how we can hope under
such disadvantageous circumstances.
Remember we to all at home
and be assured of the most
unlimited confidence and love
of your devoted

Howe Peyton Cochran, Sgt, 1st Virginia Artillery

MSS 9380-a

1862 February 28 Richmond

Richmond Feby the 28th, 1862

My dear Mary [Edmonia Noland]

I can hardly believe that it is
a week today since I left home and I have not
been able to send you a line, but what with
trying to do a little shopping, going to church
and seeing friends, I have not had a moment-
s leisure, first about business, I am afraid
you were disappointed in the material I sent
you for Franks pants, but it was the only
thing I could find at either of the pri-
ces far less than $2.50 cts or three dollars a
yard, and really the price alarmed me so
that I thought it best to send the cheapest
and that was one dollar. I fear there is not
the least hope of your getting a deacent [sic] Cloak]?]
at F Rs. They have a few most of them
very inferior, at Sams[?] not one black one.
I will try next week to look at other
places if you wish it, every lady is doing
not only their spring, but summer shopping
and the stores are crowded so overflowing

[page 2]
most of the goods are inferior such as we would
not think of looking at under ordinary circum-
stances, occasionally you pick up something that
no one else seems to want which is good and
not so unreasonable as those things most in de
mand. I am having a very pleasant time
at this house, and with my friends generally
the times, keep us quiet and thoughtful, but
seem to draw us nearer together.
I spent Wednesday at Mr Harrisons & stayed
all night, and should have enjoyed very
much but for my dear little Percy[?] being very
unwell, he has taken cold I fear, from going
out too soon after having mumps. I have
not from him today, shall go round
after dinner to see about him,
Lizy Wickham, Lizy Carter that was, died
yesterday, leaving a little babe two weeks old.
we go this evening to St Pauls to her funeral.
the remains are to be taken to Shirley,
General Lees Daughter May, who is staying at
this house is a very plain looking, but bright
and very pleasant in manner.
I saw bet this morning at the Jameses, she and
the children are well and now very comfort
ably fixed at the Arlington, she desired
me to tell you that she had heard from

[page 3]
Mrs Scot that whoping[sic] cough was in the
neighbourhood of your Uncles, I saw the
Old gentleman in the street Tuesday, but
was not near enough to speak.
I thought of you all at home very much
in Church today my dear Pastor preached
one of his plain faithful gospel sermons
from these appropriate words "Come and let
us return unto the Lord, for he hath
torn and he will heal us,["] he gives to
each and every one of us a goodly portion
if we could only be induced to take heed
and then soon would peace and happiness
abound in our land
Mr Wilmers consecration takes place
next week the day is not appointed yet
I hope you may be here by that time, I
have seen Mrs Wilmer, she is very sad and
very much affected when she met me

Heath[?] is looking wretchedly I fear, un-
less going to the South should prove benefi
cial, they will not have him with them
long, I have not heard Mr Wimer preach
since I came down. He preaches mostly at St
Pauls and I understand, attracting immence
crowds who come away saying they never heard
such impressive preaching before, God grant

[page 4]
that it being forth fruit to the praise of
his name. My plan now is to go out
to Brookhill on Monday, and remain
there untill you come, let me hear
from you as soon as you can, and be
sure to direct your letter to the care
of Mr John S[?] should any
thing occur to prevent your coming you
must not hesitate to call me home
at any time you think it necessary for
me to be there.

it is a great pleasure
a spiritual feast for me to be here, but
the path of duty is always safe and plea-
sant too, unless we make it otherwise
by a rebelious spirit. Mr Wilmer was
sitting by me a day or two since and said dont
you miss being away from us. I told him he
must not speak to me of it, that no-
thing but the hope that I was living for the
comfort of my own flesh and blood
kept me up under it.

My love to you all, May god bless and
keep you in peace untill we meet
your affectionate Aunt B Sanderson
Never connect the march cold with Rich
mond when talking to me again, I have had
more cordial greetings here in the past week
than I had seen for months, months, past

[upside down in top margin of page 1]
My love to Call, let me
here particularly from him
when you write.

Mary B. Noland, recipient of the letter was the wife of Callender St. George Noland.

MSS 6463

1862 February 28 Placeholder

[Warren's letter is written in poor quality ink that has faded almost to illegibility over the past 150 years]

Camp Walker
February 28 1862
My own darling Wife
I got no letter from Frescatti today
from which fact I infer you are [doing fine?]
I must [conclude?] that[line 3, illegible]
[line 4, illegible]
to be [line 5, illegible]
too and do not now see how it is possible
to do so. I had determined before I received
information of your confinement to remain
with the regiment and do all in my power
to reorganize it and such continued to be my
purpose up to last night when Gibbons off-
ered Major Walker and myself an indignity
which unless satisfactorily explained in the
morning will compell [sic] me to tender my resig
nation on the spot. The Major & I have again
and again for months past called Col Gs att-
ention to the fact that the regiment was being
rapidly disorganized and that action ought
to be taken at once to prevent it but apparent
ly he turned a deaf ear to all of our opinions
until last night he called privately a meeting
of the company officers at his cabin from
which we were excluded. The object of
this meeting as stated to me by three captains
was to determine on the plan of reorganization
He has thus entirely ignored even our existence
and by his action decided that we have either

[page 2]
no interest in the reorganization of[this?]
regiment not sense enough to aid in it and
thus he degrades us before the very men to
whom we must look for our reelection. I
for one will not submit to such treatment
and unless ample explanations are made my
resignation goes in tomorrow. this thing
has had a most depressing influence on me
all day and I would have asked for explanations
this morning but to day is fast day – a day
which I regard as a national Sabbath and
ought not to be profaned by such things. I
am sorry to be thus forced out of the command
but unless we can have a complete understanding
the sooner we part company the best for both of
us. I ought not to trouble you with my own
troubles just now while you are so sick and
feble and you must not permit it to worry
you, but just think of it a little while and
then call for our new baby. I am crazy to know
if it is pretty and who it looks like. I know
[? ?] tell whether it is pretty and all about
it. I dont expect the little monkey has a single dress
to put on its back. Tell Jim he must lend her his
shirt & Lizzie she must lend her a dress or she
will get mighty cold in all this cold windy
weather. I Whose lap does Jim sit on now
and tell him papa wants to know whose baby
he is now. I reckon he will be papas now
and what does sister th think of her companion to be

[page 3]
I am afraid you all dont love the poor little
stranger as much as you do Lizzie & Jim. I expect
is a little red concern looking more like a monkey
than a baby and you are all making fun of it now.
if I was there I know I could find a thousand
beauties in it to talk about and brag over. I will
bet something [han[d]some?] that I could persuade every
body in the house to believe it just the handsomest
baby they ever saw. But then it is [poor?] little
thing without a lawyer to plead its cause and
not a rag to its back after its[rest of line 11, illegible]
washing. Tell Lizzie if she & Jim dont take the
best care of the baby and be themselves the best
children in the world why I will send Billy
up & bring the little concern down here where
I can take care of it myself. We have got no
baby at all in our regiment and we will
take it and call her the Daughter of the Regiment.
My darling it is very cold & the wind blows all
the time We can hardly keep warm even in our
comfortable cabins. I know I shall [? ? ? ?]
and I believe my cabin is one of the best in the camp.
The only news in camp is that Genl Elzee [sic] has returned I
am going to call on him tomorrow morning. I hope he
is in fine condition and perfectly able to continue in
command. You know I think Elzee [sic] an able officer
I would have called on him to day but it
was fast day. I dont like it much that I got
no letter to day. Hillary must write me a letter
about you, tell him I say so. I will send you

[page 4]
a letter every day I possibly can until
I can come myself but dont fret yourself
looking for me. Keep a cheerful heart
as I told you yesterday, I am constantly
thinking about you and it is so hard to
be away from you at a time like this
I know I could do wonders towards ma-
king you well – and taking care of you
I cant imagine how you are getting
along. My poor dear wife who has al-
ways depended so much on me, now to be
without me. but I must not write about
it. I saw in the Register to day
that [Pickens and ? ?] cousin Lizzie Glasgow [sp]
and two of her children are dead. they
died in a few days of each other. one was
her oldest – a daughter – the other a son
I was astonished of course I had heard
nothing of their illness. Good night my
precious darling.
Your own devoted husband

"Frescatti", line 1 - 'Frascati. Virginia 'Jennie' Watson Magruder Warren's ancestral home located a few miles north of Gordonsville.'

"Gibbons", line 11 -

"Col Gs", line 16 - 'Both referred to Simeon B. Gibbons, Colonel, 10th VA Infantry.'

"Major Walker", line 12 -

"the Major", line 15 - 'Both referred to Samuel T. Walker, Major, 10th VA Infantry.'

"Jim", page 2, lines 24 & 27; page 3, lines 2 & 12 - 'James, Warren's five year old son.'

"Lizzie", page 2, line 25; page 3, lines 2 & 12 - 'Lizzie, Warren's seven year old daughter.'

"Genl Elzee", page 3, line 23 -

"Elzee", page 3, line 26 - 'Both referred to Arnold Elzey, Confederate general.'

"Hillary", page 3, line 29 - "Hillary Magruder, Jennie's younger brother by five years.'

"the Register", page 4, line 13 - 'Rockingham Register & Virginia Advertiser, newspaper published in Harrisonburg, Rockingham County.'

"E.T.H.W.", signature - 'Edward Tiffin Harrison Warren, Lieutenant-Colonel, 10th VA Infantry.'

[transcription and annotations by John P. Mann IV]

MSS 7786-g

1862 February 28 Staunton

[from the diary of Joseph A. Waddell, civilian clerk in the Quartermaster Dept., Staunton, Va.]

Friday night, Feb. 28, 1862.

Fast Day, in accordance with pursuance of President Davis'
proclamation. A large congregation at our church
this morning. Mr. Baker + Mr. Campbell offici
ated. Mr. Junkin, of New Providence, preached
to-night, Sunday next is communion day. Frazier
came up from Richmond this evening. He says
our recent disasters have encouraged many Northern
sympathizers in Richmond + Norfolk to show them-
selves. Martial law has been declared at Norfolk +
Portsmouth, and will be at Richmond soon, perhaps.
There seems to be no doubt that our military stores
have been brought from Winchester to Strasburg. It
was reported yesterday that our troops were evac-
uating Centreville + Manassas. This is denied, but
there is probably some ground for the rumor. The papers
of yesterday stated that our loss in prisoners
at Donelson was about 7000. There is a general
feeling of distrust in the community. No volun-
teers offering in this region — noth[in]g but a draught
will bring the people out. Confidence in our leaders
is impaired.

Dr. Ebenezer Dickey Junkin, 1829-1891, served as pastor of New Providence Church, Rockbridge County, Va., for 20 years, 1860-1880

[transcription by the Valley of the Shadow]

MSS 38-258

Sunday, February 26, 2012

1862 February 27

[from the diary of Daniel D. Logan, younger brother of General Thomas M. Logan, and Sgt., Co. B, 1st Special Battalion (Rightor's), Louisiana Infantry\

Thursday – February 27/62
Spent today in the routine of camp
duties – Drill at ten o’c & battalion drill –
at 3 o’c with parade at five o’c –
Fry & Harry sick today with chills –
Write to Willie Norcum today
in answer to his letter from N.O. –
Maj Beard gave me an order
tonight to report in Richmond, & get
our steam tug boat – I went to obtain
a pass, till Monday to go & try &
get my Valise – when he gave
me the order to go on “Battalion
business” – Sat up late tonight
getting ready for an Early
start in the morning –

Major James Beard, 1st La. Bn.

[transcription by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 6154

1862 February 27 Centreville, Va.

[The stationery for this letter, dated 27 Feb. 1862, is preprinted with ”Confederate States of American,” a cannon, a Confederate flag, and a patriotic verse.]

Centreville Feb. 27th 1862.
My Dear Father
Today the usual
repose of our camp has been
interrupted by rumors, and
orders which strongly fore-
shadow movements of stirring
interest, and importance.
Several regiments encamped
near this place have moved
off toward Leesburg and sev-
eral more our own included
have orders to dispatch im-
mediately to the rear their
heavy baggage, and retain

[page 2]
only such articles as may be
readily transported on their
backs. Some say that we
are destined to meet a large
column of the enemy which
is forcing itself down the Valley,
and others that our precautions
are only those preceeding a
general evacuation of this post.
I Confess my inability to
understand the policy about
to be pursued, and calmly
await the events of importuning [?] which
are evidently about to trans-
pire. I cannot however for
a moment credit the statement
that we will fall back to a
position in the interior.
Our men are generally in
good spirits, and ready

[page 3]
for what ever emergency they
may be called upon to meet.
On yesterday I informed
you of the interruption I
had met with in recruiting
in this division of the army
and to day I decided upon
the plan proper for me to
pursue. After consulting
with Capt. Latham and
other friendly officers I
determined to address a
respectful communication
to Genl. Johnston appealing
for the removal of the restrict-
tion imposed illegally by
Genl. Longstreet and enclo-
sing him all the papers
in which are necessary for
him to come to an important

[page 4]
This paper will be regularly
forwarded through the usual
military channels, and all
pass through the hands of
Genl. L. It cannot be
long detained and I shall
expect an answer every day.
I am thoroughly convinced
that I have right, and
law on my side and
shall not therefore surrender
my point until every means
for securing what I am
entitled to is exhausted.
As soon as I receive a reply
I will communicate to you the
result. I am at least out
of reach of arrest, or any
other act of the Genls. displeas-
ure. With much love I remain
Your Affec. Son
John W. Daniel.

John Warwick Daniel,1842-1910, disabled in the Battle of the Wilderness, later a University of Virginia law graduate, U. S. Senator and famous orator, known as the "Lame Lion of Lynchburg."

[Transcripiton by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]
MSS 158

1862 February 27 Leesburg, Va.

Cavalry Camp near Leesburg
Febry 27th 1862

My dear wife
I recd. your letter this mor
ning from Petersburg I am very
glad that you are going home
(I suppose you are there by this
and that Robert's condition is so
favourable, Dr Jackson thinks
there is no reason for apprehension
about his recovery, I wrote to you
the day before yesterday and intended
to have written again last night but
just as I was going to do it, an order
came for me to go out upon the
nightly rounds--you know what
that is, and as I was very tired I laid
down to rest and take a short nap be=
fore starting, it was raining hard
and the darkest night I ever saw,
if such an expression is allowable-

[page 2]
it took me nearly three hours
to go to the point of rocks, perhaps
my darling you will think it strange
when I tell you that this side
was, if not an absolute pleasure
at least a relief to me. I have
been in purgatory ever since I
parted with you at Upperville,
I read two letters from you besides
the one you sent me from Petersburg.
I have written to you every other
day since you went away and
it is a mystery to me why you
have not recd my letters, I have
been moping about and had nothing
to write to you except to tell you
of my undying love for you and
my great unhappiness at my
separation from you at this
time, in my last letter (which I
fear will never reach you, tho Tom
Randolph promised either to deliver

[page 3]
or mail it to you at Norfolk)
I advised you that we were in some
excitement here, that Genl Jackson
had called upon gen Hill for as=
sistance, and that the he had determined
to go to his relief, since that there has
been a state of feverish anxiety
here constantly, and more than a
thousand reports, some true but
mostly false have been in cir=
culation, the last and most
reliable information we have
is that the enemy is crossing in
force at Newport ferry. we have
been on the alert for the last three
days, ready to move at a moments
notice, we have orders to night
to have all our heavy baggage
loaded and ready to move back
in the morning. I suppose there is
a measure of precaution, our Col.
is very timid, and I do not think we are

[page 4]
in as much danger as he appears to
think we are, it is prudent however
to err on the safe side, one report
from Harpers ferry, and very indefinite
there is no doubt that the enemy
is either crossing there in force or
making a false demonstration.
Mrs Joyner will come here
tomorrow morning, I shall
try to persuade her to go
and stay with you for a while,
I think it will be a comfort
to you and her both, I am
writing in great haste my dar=
ling, and in the midst of the
hurry and preparation for
breaking camp, I have my
orderly Sergeant that is worth
anything [?] Dr Clark left
and the Capt is in town and never
comes to camp except to com=
plain abut what might have
been done if he had been here.
God bless you my own dear wife. What
ever may be your troubles or your sorrow in this

[cross hatched across the top margin on page one]
[?] I am [?]
you may be sure that
there is [?] [?] in
this world which [?]
[?] [?] ex=
pectation for you--it seems
to me if I could be at home
for a few days only now
with you and our little
children I could be con=
tent for a while at
least--Harrison is
going to start home
this morning and
I shall send this
by him. There is one
thing my darling in your
letter that distresses me
and adds to my anguish
why do you talk of
being [?] if anything
were to happen to you
now I should lose

[[in right hand margin of page 1]
my reason and all hope in this life, God bless you my wife

Edwin R. Page, 1st Lt., 2nd Virginia Cavalry

Page is referring to his wife's son Robert A. Camm, 1842-1892, a midshipman on the CSS Ellis who lost his left arm in action at Roanoke Island in February 1862, but survived and returned to service. He resided in Lynchburg, Virginia, after the war.

MSS 8937

1862 February 27

[from the diary of Jesse Calvin Spaulding, Co. F, 25th Massachusetts]

Feb 27 Rained hard in the night but
I lay comfortable. Phineas was on
guard and to day has gone off to the New
York and has not got back. We went out
into the field to discharge what muskets
had not been discharged, afterwards came
back and have the rest of the day to clean
up and get ready for inspection to-morrow
Have been reading today in "Dunallan." This
evening Holden has been fiddling, and
there are a couple of negroes have been singing
now. It has been quite a pleasant day and
I have enjoyed Gods blessings very well
though I am not as thankful as I ought
to be in view of His great mercies.

MSS 11293

1862 February 27 [Camp Union]

[From the diary of James Dinsmore Templeton, musician and private in the 23rd Ohio]

Played for Guard Mounting.
Went to the mill for
bread found affairs in
rather a delicate state.
Herb received some papers
to day very important news
Went with Gillett to the
mill this evening
Mostly clear, cool

MSS 10317

Saturday, February 25, 2012

1862 February 27 Camp Franklin, Va

Camp Franklin Va. Feb 27th/62

Dear parents.
I am expecting a letter
from you to night but I cannot waite
to recieve it before writing. It comes our turn
to go on picket tomorrow and I cannot write
again for a week. We have not recieved
that box yet and probably never shall for
some particular reason best know to the
express men When you send my shirts I
want you to take the responsibility upon
yourself in sending it and pay the freight
and have it directed in care of Capt. Bucknam
the other direction the same as you direct
letters and it will come here safe. I think
by enquiring you will find out the reason
why our box did not start from Portland.
We got orders last night to prepare to moove
from this place we shall probably moove
within 10 days to a place somewhere in the
vicinity of Sentreville as this place is
now occupied by our troops but this will
make no difference in sending those shirts

[page 2]
I have got enough for the present so
you need not send many, I have not drawed
any from government for 5 months and I
have now got four pare I have got every thing
else I need I have got two pare of shirts but I
do not like them very well I sold one the
other day for 13 cts. I was glad to learn that
you had taken the N. Y. Tribune for in that
you get the full details of the progress of the
war which I presume will shortly come to an
end, and the soldeirs will return to their
homes crownd with all the laurells of a
victorious army All of the Ramymond
and Casco boys are well except Joseph
Spiller he is quite slim he is now in the
Brigade hospital. We had a tremendous gale
of winds here the other day you will see an
account of the effects of it in Washington
The weather here is again fair and bright
the mud is fast drying up and bids fair
to be good going in a few days. I have no
more particular news to write I thought I would
write a few lines so you might know I
was well I cannot write again for a week
my half sheat is almost filled, and I must
close Your son
Hiram M. Cash
this billet is for Alonzo Strouts Adda

MSS 12916

1862 February 27 Front Royal, Va.

Front Royal Feb 27th 1862

Dear Dick, [Richard Bayly Buck]
Having obtained Pa's consent to join
the Army I am undetermined as yet whether to in=
=list in the "Warren Rifles" or the Cavalry and I
write to you to ascertain whether your company generally
will reenlist under Capt Simpson or whether they will
enter the Cavalry. Write to me soon and inform
me of such as intend enlisting in the Cavalry so that
I may know which branch of the service to enter for
I of course wish to be in company with my old
friends and schoolmates.

I suppose you have heard
that Miss Kattie has linked her fate with that
of Mr Samuels. Although Mr Samuels was here
for several days before the event nothing of the
kind was suspected until the morning before the
event marriage when the startling intelligence was announced
to the unsuspecting citzens. Thus have all your
Hopes and anticipations (if you ever had any in that quarter) been scattered to the wind.
There is nothing of interest transpiring in this
quarter -- the same old dreary Front Royal
with the exception that it is stuck in the mud
about knee deep.
Believe me as ever your sincere friend

Giles Cook Jr

Cook became a private in Co. E, 7 Virginia Cavalry (Ashby's Cavalry)

MSS 3064

1862 February 26

[from the diary of Daniel D. Logan, younger brother of General Thomas M. Logan and a Sgt. Co. B., 1st Special Battalion (Rightor's), Louisiana Infantry]

Wednesday – February 26/ 62
Weather clear today, but it began
to rain before dark – Had a long
drill this morning, & battalion drill in
the Evening. Norman[?] Fairchild & Harris are
sick today – Rec’d no papers, no
letters today – Wrote to Mr Harvey
& the Columbian Hotel abt my Valise –
Which I never expect to see again – I loose
all the clothes I have worth anything
& my Diamond breastpin, sleeve buttons,
studs, & 2 pkgs of letters – besides
shirts, &c &c. The Cadets buried
their target tonight with mystic honors!
torch-lignt procession &c – they had quite
a merry making over it all – I begin to
feel deserted, two months & no letter
from Sallie! Times look so squally I
have great doubts abt going home before
reenlisting – nous verrons [we shall see] -

me the order to go on “Battalion
business” – Sat up late tonight
getting ready for an Early
start in the morning –

[transcription by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 6154

1862 February 26 [Staunton, Va.]

[From the diary of Joseph Addison Waddell, civilian of Staunton, Va.]

Wednesday night, Feb. 26, 1862.

Another heavy day. General feeling of depression,
as to the war, but no idea of our final subjugation
by the enemy. Lyt (who is no longer a clerk) and Legh
come into our office every day — both gloomy to- day.
Rumors from Winchester, but no reliable, intel
ligence of any importance from any quarter.

[transcription by the Valley of the Shadow project]

MSS 38-258

1862 February 26 Albemarle County, Va.

Castle Hill Feb. 26, 1862

I have been wishing to write to
you ever since our return home, my dearest son,
but having assured you of our safe arrival in
a letter to your sweet little moitie[?], I waited
in the hope of saying we are all well.

Papa has been quite sick since two days after
our return, though I hope he is now mending.
His attack has been like those he had in Richmond,
only more severe and protracted. Douglas has
treated him mildly but I believe very judiciously,
and we trust his restoration to his usual health
is only an affair of time.

When I told Papa I was going to write
to you, he told me to give his best love to you
and Sadie and added "tell Alfred to do his best,
but not to indulge in too much anxiety, and
not to fret about what cannot be helped--to
leave that to God."

I can only repeat my injunction when you
were a student at the Porte-chaussées---with
an entreaty to take every precaution with regard
to that most precious of blessings, health.

[page 2]
You will have to establish rules for yourself
something after the fashion of a prize fighter
in training, in order to bring to their full
development those gifts it has pleased heaven
to engender you with, and which are now so
usefully employed. Simple food, regular rest,
and as much fresh air as the case admits of
will go very far toward this end, as you know
from experience--the only thing is for us "to
practise what we know."

We have been provoked at the despondent
tone of the only Richmond news-paper we see.
It reminds me of Bob acres in Sheridan's play
of "the Rivals." When persuaded that his honour
demanded a fight, he goes to the field with his
second, sir Lucius O'Trigger. When he sees his
antagonist coming he begins to shake, and exclaims
"They are coming!--Oh Sir Lucius, I feel all my
courage oozing out of the palms of my hands-
I I s-say--Sir Lucius, we we we wo'ont-run,
will we? sir Lucius?"

This seems to be a good deal the spirit just
now. People have been talking instead of working,
and seem to be backing down just when they

[page 3]
ought to be fiercest. But the designs of
Almighty providence are yet hidden in his own
mysterious but wise decrees with regard to all this
awful change. We can only bow our heads
and worship knowing that whatever he ordains
is best, "The judge of all the earth will do right."

I cannot tell you how thankful I have
been that we got home before Papa was sick.
It is such a comfort to have every thing at my
orders, with all the privileges of home. the
pure atmosphere, the absence of dust--the quick
attendance of servants--the absence of annoyances--
the elbow--with other things too numerous
to mention, but which you can imagine.--

We have seen none of our neighbors yet in
consequence of the rainy days and muddy roads.
We hear they are all well.--

Ella and Bijou are flourishing. Ella sends
any quantity of love, and if I were to ask Bijou
if he loved you he would certainly reply "oui" with
an expressive lengthening of the word

Kiss your little darling for us all, and offer our
love to the family.---

Knowing that you have not much time, I will
leave the last sheet blank--

God bless you my beloved child--

your fond devoted Mother.

Colonel Alfred Landon Rives, 1830–1903, son of William and Judith Rives, trained as an engineer in France and was chief of engineers to General Robert E. Lee.

Judith Page Walker Rives, 1802–1882, who married to U. S. Senator William Cabell Rives, 1793–1868, a lawyer and biographer of U. S. President James Madison

MSS 38-348

1862 February 26 [Roanoke Island]

[from the diary of Jesse Calvin Spaulding, Co. F, 25th Massachusetts]

Feb 26

quite a frost this morning
the coldest night since leaving
Annapolis. Had a company drill this
forenoon, and also this afternoon. Vance
was up here to see me t his forenoon
also Capt Liscomb and Mr Coyles[?] Saw
Dr Hitchcock and spoke with him. Rainy
this evening. Have been reading "Dunallan
or "Know what you judge" this evening.
Like it much. Wrote Henry Russell to day

Grace Kennedy's "Dunallan" was a popular novel of life in Scotland centered on the doings of Lord Dunallan's family.

MSS 11293

1862 February 26 Head Quarters 52 Regt Tennessee Vol

Head Quarters 52 Regt Gen Vol

Brig Genl D Ruggles

Dr Sir

Yours of this date
rec'd. In answer I have to say that I have
under my command the 52 Ten Regt of which
I am Colonel numbering seven hundred and
sixty men, of which two hundred and sixty
are sick. We have no arms except one
hundred Double barrel shot guns. Capt C. S.
Robertsons Cavalry company numbering one
hundred and forty men, rank & file, armed
with double barrell shot-guns and sabres.
About Two hundred and fifty men of the
51 Ten Regt under command of Lt Col Chester
for whom he has secured about one hundred
common sporting Rifles repaired and cleaned.
They are all stationed at this place.
I send out Capt Robertson Cavalry every few
days to scout the country from Clifton to
Savanah. From scouts returned this evening
I am reliable informed that no Federal Cavalry
has been landed on the Ten River above Clifton
The Gun Boat which was up, passed down
Saturday evening. I have also been sending
guards in the direction of Savanahn by Purdy

[page 2]
Any suggestions you may make or
commands to give me will be gladly received
and promptly executed. Can you by any
possible means secure for me the musket
or Rifle with bayonet. Very Respectfully
B. J. Lea Col CSA
Henderson Station
Febry 26 1862

Benjamin J. Lee, Colonel of the 52nd Tennessee Infantry, 1822-1894, Tennessee lawyer, eventually appointed to the Tennessee Supreme Court

C.S.A. General Daniel Ruggles, 1810-1897, afterwards a farmer and real estate agent in Virginia

MSS 2010

1862 February 26 Columbus

Columbus 26th Feby 1862
Dear Genl [John Hartwell Cocke]

We have had rain after rain
here nearly all the time for the last
month, & I started to Green County ala.
last night, Y found I could not
get there under 3 or 4 days, & returned
home to try it again next week--
I write now chiefly to let you know
my movements & present uneasiness
on you part. the last news
from [hole in paper] all were getting
on Tolerable Well--the Head men
know what to do up to planting corn
Time & I do not feel uneasy about
the work, etc--the stud Colt 3
years old this Spring was looking
fine when I saw him last--the
last cold from the old mare is the
best colt of the two I think, Both
will make good horses. The Colt you
thought would make a saddle horse
is ugly, but no doubt will move
well. I wrote you Since my
return from the Bottom & hope you
have recd it before this time.

[page 2]
You have no doubt seen from the papers
the accounts of the great Battle on the
Cumberland River at Fort Donelson.
12000 men of Confederate States taken Prison
=ers & sent to Illinoise[sic]--Great excitement
through all the South. Governors calling
for Volenteers[sic]--We need God fearing
officers, & Sober Men at the head of
our armies to Succeed in this War.
It is Certain we have lost in this last
Battle 500 men Killed, & the enemy lost
between 5 & 6000 men Killed--We fought
15 or 18000 against 52000, & before
our 1200 were taken prisoners the enemy's
Army was increased to 72000 men--
Several hundred of the Prisioners[sic] are
men from here, & in this County. A few
from this Town brought home dead & were
intered[sic] in our grave yard--the young
fellow, I sent down to take Nickles's place,
I learn is doing very well--I shall
go down to green early next week, &
spend a few days if the Rivers & Creeks
can be crossed. Our Tombigbee river
is falling a little, but it has been
very high for two weeks--All well
as usual on the Est of Genl. P. St. Geo. Cocke
a few days ago--I am thankful

[page 3]
to Bod to be able to say I am now
enjoying my usual good health
Mr Powell's health tolerable good
& we write in Christian love to you
& your's--
Yr friend
R.D. Powell

Genl. John H Cocke

P.S. I will write again from Hopewell
& hope to receive a letter from you
when I go down, if not sooner
Please invite the Excrs of the Est to
my house, when they come out
in April--
Yrs R. D. P.

MSS 640

1862 February 26 Mulberry Point

[letter of Callender St. George Noland continues]

Wednesday 26th We have a beautiful morning, &
I wish I could have my children with me----
We have 400 negroes at work, and expect 200 more
this week---Captain Clarke (Engineer Corps) has charge
of the work, hi is a nice fellow, & his assistant
young Johnson is a good youth----I have
been quite poorly for several days--I think my mind
is more diseased than my body--I suppose
you read the papers---I hope the enemy will let
us alone for 2 months--I think by that time he will
have trouble in going up James River

[page 2]
I hope to hear from you to day--My Kind regards
to Mr. Christian--Love for big and little at Dew-
berry, but pick out the best love for your
Grandma---Kiss Maggie & Fent for me
and Fran if he will let you--
Remember me to Maria, Danniel
& all the good servants---My love to your
Aunt and Mother----
Your affect Father
C. St. G. Noland

F.N.B. Noland

Callender St. George Noland, 1813-1879
MSS 6463

1862 February 26 [Camp Union]

[from the diary of James Dinsmore Templeton, musician and private in the 23rd Ohio]

February 26

Played for Guard mounting
went down to the mill
for bread. Wrote line
to Lieut Hood for [?]1/2 lbs
Went up to Hd Quarters
to see Uncle Billy
H West returning from
home stays with us
to night
Drizzling rain a very
little most of the day

MSS 10317

1862 February 26 Centreville, Va.

Centreville Feb. 26th 1862.
My Dear Father –
I arrived here
last Monday night after
having had a very rough
journey from Manassas, but
by no means injured by the
Before leaving Lynchburg
I heard it rumored that the
Army at Centreville had
been attacked by the Enemy,
and that a hard fought
battle was in progress.
I discredited the report as
the condition of the roads
precluded the possibility of
the movement of the army
of McClellan and there
were no concurrent facts
to indicate that the statement

[page 2]
had any reliable foundation.
On arriving here I was
informed that a detach-
ment of the enemy’s cavalry
had entrapped several of
our horse videttes, and had
been subsequently pursued
by our Infantry picket
Guard – a part of which
was our Company.
This scouting expedition
no doubt gave rise to the
rumor – which grew as it
was passed from mouth to
mouth, and terminated only
with the Engagement of
our entire force.
A number of our subor-
dinate officers express the
opinion that this place will
be evacuated by our army
at an early day and

[page 3]
that preparations are now
being made by our Generals
in that view. I cannot for
for a moment entertain the
belief that such a maneuver
is seriously contemplated
by those in authority as with
Manassas we must resign
the fertile, and extensive
valley of Virginia, must
give up a well fortified
and highly important
strategic point, and must
lose that prestige which
is essential in infusing
courage, and confidence
of an army. I am con-
vinced that this position
should never be abandoned
before our entire army
has been over whelmed, and
completely crushed by the enemy.

[page 4]
On arriving here I promptly
resumed my attempt to fill
up my Company to the num-
ber required by law, and
while engaged in enrolling
several names which had
just been presented, I was
greatly surprised to be infor-
med that Genl. Longstreet
has issued an order require-
ing the immediate arrest
of such officers as were
recruiting for companies
to serve out of the limits
of his division. I immed-
iately addressed a Commu-
nication to Col. Garland
Acting Brig. Genl. enquiring
into the matter and
received from him, and
from Genl. Longstreet

[page 5]
the directions which you will
find on the enclosed paper,
and which will explain
themselves. I regard Genl.
Longstreet as guilty of an
unwarrantable assumption
of authority, and myself
as greatly wronged.
My operations are for the
present suspended, and un-
less the restrictions at pres-
ent imposed are speedily
removed considerable em-
barrassment will be encoun-
tered. I am not as yet
satisfied as to the proper
step I should take, and
shall certainly do nothing
until I am convinced ^ ‘that’ my
action will be sustained
by the regulations of the
War Department.

[page 6]
On deliberation I think it
best to retain for the present
the paper referred to in order
to submit it to several of
my friends for inspection.
Capt. Lathan, Judge Advo-
cate Genl. can probably
advise me as to the proper
course to pursue. I will
merely quote the conclusion
of Genl. L’s remarks –
“The men who have re-
volunteered for Cavalry
service will be allowed
to reorganize in the new
arm of the service at
the end of their pres-
ent term, but none
others must be taken
for service away from
their Companies & regiments.”

[page 7]
Holding as I do the authority
of the secretary of war
for my proceeding I
can only regard this
interference as a tyrannical,
and high handed measure.
I have so far 50 good
men enlisted in my Com-
pany, and even if I should
be interdicted in continuing
to recruit here I may still
fill up from the Militia
and the Companies from
which I am not prevented
from recruiting.
I shall be by no means
discouraged and shall
never give up until
I have exhausted every
means through which
success might be

[page 8]
I shall write you again
soon and let you know my
status –
For the present I bid you
an affection[ate] adieu
Your Son

John Warwick Daniel,1842-1910, disabled in the Battle of the Wilderness, later a University of Virginia law graduate, U. S. Senator and famous orator, known as the "Lame Lion of Lynchburg."

Captain George Woodville Latham, JAG to Johnston. “b. Lynchburg, Va., Dec. 16, 1833 att. UVA. Lynchburg, Va., lawyer all his life. Capt. Co. A, 11th Va. 1861-1862

[transcription and annotation by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 158

1862 February 26 Camp Walker

Camp Walker
Feb 26"" 1862
I have received yours mailed on
yesterday saying that you were scared and
Camp apprehending a serious illness. I hope my
darling that you are unnecessarily alarmed
about your condition in fact I feel certain
that you are in no imediate [sic] danger. I think
you have done well to tell Hillary of your
condition and I hope you he will not hes-
itate to remain with you. You must strive
to keep up your spirits and not be alarmed
at the condition of our army and country
I have have full faith that we will be able
to hold our own and that we will yet
win victories which will place us on a level
with the Nations of the Earth. Let nothing that
you hear make you dispair [sic]. I cant to day
write to you in as good spirits as I did
last night. I have just returned from

[page 2]
a visit to Genl Johnstons Hd Quarters and
have been unsuccessful in my effort, but
was led to anticipate it before I got there,
from the fact that this morning after I left
my quarters I ascertained that orders had
been issued to the army to send back to the
rail road all of our extra baggage – such
as trunks, boxes, tents & puting [sic] ourselves in
as light marching order as possible. So that
on my arrival there I was told that I
ought not & must not apply for leave under
any circumstances whatever. And I am
was told by Genl Stuart that Genl Johnston
had heretofore been applied to on the
same grounds that I applied & that he had
pertinaciosly [sic] refused. So far as I am per-
sonally concerned I did not care. I hoped
and believed that I could do my country
a service the Genl however seems to think
I can do more good here and I must
submit. Now the question is what is the

[page 3]
meaning of the orders to send baggage back
I construe it simply to mean that we
are preparing for any emergency a fight
or a fall back – a victory or a defeat –
in other words Genl Johnston dont mean
to be caught asleep. We will not leave
this point und without a great fight unless
Genl Jackson be first driven from the valley
I observed that our men are still working
for the completion of the R Road to Centre
ville. A large force are at work on the
fortifications at the Junction. So I think
you may be perfectly easy for a while
to come. So keep a cheerful heart – and
try & be perfectly quiet so that you may
go your full time. Hillary must stay with
you until I can see you. He must not
suffer any thing, no matter what, to take him
away. Let him write to Dr Wingfield & state
the reason why he remains at home and
I have no doubt he will see him safe

[page 4]
Thursday Morning If I was in your
place I would send George to H B &
let him bring over such things as
you need. He can bring you a heap
of things in the new trunk which
I got for you of Mr Cumings and
can get all the money I have in Bk
of Rockingham on the enclosed blank
check – he can write his name & the
amount in when he gets to H. B. If
he dont find the trunk at Mothers
he can get it by going to see Harry
at Mr Sprinkels store who has been
instructed to deliver it to mother
I suggest this because since the ac-
cident you mention you cant tell
what moment you may be sick
Of course I am uneasy that I cant
now leave here without resigning in
the face of an anticipated attack
Most affectionately yours
ETH Warren

"Hillary", line 7; page 3, line 16 - 'Hillary Magruder; Virginia 'Jennie' Watson Magruder Warren's younger brother by five years.'

"Genl Johnston", page 2, lines 1 & 13; page 3, line 5 -

"the Genl", page 2, line 19 - 'All referred to Joseph E. Johnston, commanding General, Confederate Army of the Potomac.'

"Genl Stuart", page 2, line 13 - 'General James Ewell Brown 'Jeb' Stuart.'

"Genl Jackson", page 3, line 8 - 'Thomas J. 'Stonewall' Jackson, commanding general Confederate Shenandoah Valley District.'

"the Junction", page 3, line 12 - 'Manassas Junction.'

"go your full time", page 3, line 16 - 'An 19th Century term referring to pregnancy and childbirth.'

"Dr. Wingfield", page 3, line 19 - 'John Q. Winfield. Early in the War, he commanded Company K1, 10th VA Infantry. This company later became Company B, 7th VA Cavalry. At the time of the letter Winfield was Captain of this company. He had been a pre-War physician in Broadway, Rockingham County, and continued so after his military service ended in June 1862 and into the post-War years.'

"George", page 4, line 2 - 'George S. Magruder, Corporal, Company C, 13th VA Infantry; when the letter was written he was recovering at home sick. He was Jennie's younger brother by seven years.'

"H. B.", page 4, lines 2 & 11 - 'Harrisonburg, Rockingham County, Shenandoah Valley.'

"Bk", page 4, line 7 - 'Bank.'

"Mr Sprinkels store", page 4, line 14 - 'Charles A. Sprinkel, merchant, Harrisonburg. Early in the War, he had commanded Company G, 10th VA Infantry. He resigned his commission as Captain in the fall of 1861.'

"ETH Warren", signature - 'Edward Tiffin Harrison Warren, Lieutenant-Colonel, 10th VA Infantry.'

[transcription and annotation by John P. Mann, IV]

MSS 7786-g

Friday, February 24, 2012

1862 February 25 Fort Grafton

Fort Grafton
Tuesday night Feb 25th

My darling wifey

The expedition to Newport
News has'nt yet started and as it was to
have started this morning I rather
think it has been given over--The expedi-
-tion was too much talked about not to have
miscarried--The enemy were enabled to
throw 2000 men into the place last friday
Lieut Brown was ordered to Richmond this
morning and as he had just returned
from a furlough, we are afraid that
he is to be detached from this company
If so, the company wont be worth shucks
and the sooner I can get out of it, the
better I will be pleased--He is the
only officer except perhaps Davy Watson
at all popular or qualified to govern
men---Capt Southall has'nt the judgment
of a pig and is led about by Lieut
Peyton whethersoever he will--I am
anxious and uneasy, all the time Lieut
Brown is away, lest the other officers
may do something foolish--
one of the young men in the company
has authority from the War department
to raise a company and thereby will
obtain an indefinite furlough--I dont
want to reenlist unless it is absolutely

[page 2]
necessary, but I would like to be engaged
in raising a company or at least
trying as it would relieve me from
the disagreeabilities of camp life=
I shall go to Yorktown shortly to see
if Mr Magruder has been able to
do anything for me and if not,
I think I shall apply for authority
to raise a volunteer company &
if I cant raise the company I can
see you.
I never told you how near I
came to poisoning myself sometime
ago--I had two bundles in my
trunk one of confederate coffee
and the other of tobacco and wishing
to make a cup of coffee, I used
the tobacco through mistake and
made a very fine decoction of
tobacco juice which would have
made me very sick had I not
found it out before I took more
than one mouthful.
Excuse this awful scrawl and
believe that I am as ever your
devoted Husband

[page 3]
why have'nt you sent my cape
tooth brush & Greek lexicon?
I recd last night your letter
written 10th January, and it
excited me very much--I
had'nt noticed the date, and
the letter commenced by
saying that you expected me
home immediately

Your devoted Husband

Howe Peyton Cochran, Sgt., 1st Virginia Artillery

MSS 9380

1862 February 25 [Williamsburg, Va.]

[From the diary of Daniel D. Logan, younger brother of General Thomas M. Logan and a Sgt., Co. B, 1st Special Battalion (Rightor's) Louisiana Infantry]

Tuesday – Feb’y 25th 62
Rose this morning at daylight this morning –
& rode into Camp by reveille – Mail did
not arrive during the night – Continued
our target shooting today – Robt Howe
making the best shots in our company
shot for the prize cup – but was beat
by Dr Murphy of the Shreveport Grays
who won the prize – No drills or
parade this Evening – Fry & Norcum
returned from Richmond today – Bring
the news of our reverses in Tenn, Capture
of Fort Daniels in with 13,000 men – Bad
news, - Rec’d a letter from Willie Huger
today but none from N.O.! Fry saw
many of the Gloucester friends in Richmond –
The major made a speech today after pre
senting the Cup astonishing us all – an appeal
for us to reenlist – Emmett D. – today Harry do[?]
Disappointed today at getting no letters

[2nd Lt. William E. Huger, Co. B. 1st La.]

[transcription by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 6154

1862 February 25 Warrenton, Va.

Warrenton Feb: 25th 1862
Dear William
[Written in pencil below the salutation: (bro –in – law Simms)]
Y’r letter of
The 20th inst was recd last night and
I hasten to reply to-day. I had been
anxious to hear from you all for some
time and would have written, but did
not know you were at home. I am very
sorry to hear of Mr. Simms’ illness, but
[Inserted above the line in pencil: “father-in-law R D Simms”]
hope that as the warm weather comes
one he may improve. If I could leave
just now, would come and see him,
but such is the nature of my work
that I cant well leave: tho’ I think
I will be forced to do so in less than
a month’s time. It is pretty currently
reported that our army will fall
back from Manassas to Gordon’s-
ville to prevent a flank movement
of the enemy from Winchester by

[page 2]
Bank’s column. If that is so, and
I have right strong reasons to believe
it, then all this portion of Va. must
fall into the hands of the enemy, and
I think I shall fall back too. In
reference to my marrying, the time
was set, the 1st Wednesday morning
in April: but under the present cir-
cumstances I reckon it will not take
place. I can’t say positively, as I
have not recd a letter for some ten or
twelve days. In the last written, she
stated, that she expected that they
would be overrun by the enemy, but
that she would be faithful &C. We
intended to marry and start right off,
having no wedding at all. If we
had determined to have a wedding,
I should have wanted you and Jimmie
to wait on me. I reckon under
the present prospects, will be better
to wait now until the dark --clouds

[page 3]
pass away; and then it may [-]
be. I sometimes feel like it would be
best for me to remain single, tho’ I
know I should be happier, suitably
married. I see very clearly that we
are to have very trying times before
we gain our independence, and it is
possible that the whole of Va. may be
overrun before that event. I expect
to go to Loudoun next week, as I
have an appointment very near the line
and presume the matter will be decided
about the marriage. I shall not insist
I believe at all, as I don’t know that
it will be best. I am sorry to hear
that y’r health is precarious, hope
that it may improve as we have better
weather. I hae been very much an-
noyed with Diarrhoer [sic] for a month:
have been enabled to check it for a
little while, and then taking fresh

[page 4]
it would break out again. I feel
better today as it is now under a
check. I had supposed, until I
recd y’r letter that Wesley was a
prisoner, but could hear nothing
from home about it at all. I hope
that you are correct about it. I
hear this morning that there is
some expectation of a fight at
Manassas, but know not how
much truth there is in it. The
sick are being removed from this
place and being sent to Charlottes
Ville, so that some thing seems to
be on hand – The times are very
squally. And I shall have to keep
a look out. If the roads get in
order very soon, and I can leave
I think I’ll ride over to River Hill
about the 5th Sunday in Ma’h, tho’
every thing is uncertain. I hope Mr
Simms is enable to repose his faith
in Christ, as his Savior, and rest

[The following is written perpendicularly over the top of page one.]
on him as the foun-
dation of his hope
of heaven! Give my
love to him & Mrs.
Simms, hoping to
see all of you
before many
Y’r friend
R. W. Watts

This is the last Civil War letter by Watts held in the Special Collections Dept. of the University of Virginia Library. The Reverend Robert William Watts, 1825-1910, was a graduate of Emory and Henry. An ordained Methodist minister he was assigned to Warrenton, Va., and fell back with Johnson's army, returning to his home in Amherst County. He did marry again and after the war served churches in Madison, Albemarle, Greene, Batesville, Bedford, Brunswick, Prospect, Bedford Springs, and Nelson.

[transcription by Mary Roy Dawson Edwards]

MSS 809